Revolutions

  • Jul 29, 1567

    James VI Is Crowned King of Scotland

    James VI Is Crowned King of Scotland
  • King James I Marries

    King James I Marries
    King James I marries Queen Anne of Denmark, together they have 4 daughters and 3 sons, one of which is upcoming King Charles I.
  • Charles I Is Born

    Charles I Is Born
    Anne of Denmark and James I are now parents to Charles.
  • King James I comes to the throne

    King James I comes to the throne
    He ruled as King James VI of Scotland until this date, now he was King James I of England and Ireland. He came to rule England after the death of Queen Elizabeth I.
  • King Charles I Inherits the Throne

    King Charles I Inherits the Throne
    After the death of his father, King James I, Charles I took the throne when he was just 25.
  • King Charles I Marries

    King Charles I Marries
    King Charles I marries Henrietta Maria. Henrietta is the daughter of Henry IV of France, however seeing as most of England was strictly Protestant, Henrietta was not popular because she was Catholic.
  • Parliament dismisses Villiers, King Charles dismisses Parliament

    Parliament dismisses Villiers, King Charles dismisses Parliament
    Parliament wanted Charles I to rule with a council of advisor, not necessarily George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham. However, King Charles I didn't agree much with parliament, therefore dismissing it entirely and decides to rule without it.
  • King Charles I Recalls Parliament

    Charles I needs somebody from somewhere to finance England's war against France and Spain, so he (against his will, really) recalls parliament.
  • Petition of Right

    This document stated that there would be no further taxing on people, if the tax had not been authorised by parliament.
  • Duke of Buckingham is Murdered

    Duke of Buckingham is Murdered
    After very poorly adviding the King, George Villiers is assassinated by John Felton.
  • Charles I Dismisses Parliament... Again

    Charles I Dismisses Parliament... Again
    After parliament tries to pass three resolutions, King Charles I dismisses them yet again.
  • Period: to

    Bishop's War in Scotland

    This war was caused by conflict between how the church of Scotland was being controlled.
  • Short Parliament

    The King needed money to began the war with Scotland once again, but parliament refused to give the King money unless he stopped asking for money that provided ships for national defense. This was called "short" parliament because it only lasted about 3 weekd before Charles I dismissed them for the 3rd time.
  • Treaty of Ripon

    Treaty of Ripon
    The Treaty of Ripon ends the Bishop's Wars. This treaty is known as the calling of Long Parliament, and it was also yet another document Charles had no choice but to sign.
  • Oliver Cromwell is Elected into Parliament

    Oliver Cromwell is Elected into Parliament
    This is Cromwell's second time in English parliament. He openly mocks and judges King Charles I's taxes and how the church of England is very corrupt.
  • Long Parliament

    Long Parliament
    King Charles I still needs money to win/fight against the Scottish army, and the only place he can go to is parliament. Parliament stands their ground and firmly state that they will give the King money so long as he agree to a meeting (with parliament) once every 5 years.
  • Earl of Strafford Executed

    Earl of Strafford Executed
    Thomas Wentworth, is executed on Tower Hill.
  • Triennial Act Is Passed

    This act says that parliament will meet even without Royal commands, and also declared ship money to be illegal.
  • Irish Rebellion of 1641

    This was the catholic Irish people causing havoc over the protestant English people. This was an ethnic conflict with the Irish being against botht protestant beliefs from Scotland and England.
  • Charles (attempts) to Arrest Five MPs

    Charles (attempts) to Arrest Five MPs
    CHarles instructs the attorney general toj arrest MPs for treason, but parliament refuses. Then Charles sent men on horses to go and arrest these men, but parliament already knew, so the 5 MPs had left the country. Charles I moves his family from Whitehall to Hampton Court because of this, as people were beginning to take parliament's side.
  • Nineteen Propositions

    Nineteen Propositions
    These nineteen propositions stated a new constitution, outlining the supremacy that parliament should have over the King. This power included paliament selecting ministers and judges instead of the King, and also that all things involving the church and military were to be handled by parliament.
  • Period: to

    Civil War

    King Charles I formally declares war. However both parties hope that it will be put to rest, or that one battle would put an end to it all--well no. This war lasts seven long years.
  • Rump Parliament

    Rump Parliament
    Members of parliament that were in favour of speaking and dealing with the King were expelled from parliament. This parliament had the right to make new Acts of Parliament without the King's approval.
  • Charles I Is Executed

    Charles I Is Executed
    King Charles I of England is beheaded at Whitehall in London.
  • Cromwell Dismisses Rump Parliament

    Cromwell Dismisses Rump Parliament
    Oliver Cromwell is fed up with the Rump Parliamenta nd dismisses it by force. Cromwell divides England into districts that are each responsible for their own taxes.
  • Oliver Cromwell Dies of "Stone"

    Oliver Cromwell Dies of "Stone"
    "Stone" is a urinary infection that Cromwell had, although he was also known to have Malaria at the time, but this stone disease worsened his health and ultimately killed him.
  • King Charles II of England

    King Charles II of England
    After his father's execution, Charles II immediately becomes King.
  • King Charles II Dies

    King Charles II Dies
    Charles II also dies at Whitehall Palace, but of an apopletic fit that he did not survive.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    This Bill of Rights decrees the limit on power for the monarchy, this bill is signed by WIlliam and Mary of Orange
  • Seed Drill

    Seed Drill
    Jethro Tull invents the Seed Drill machine.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    Thomas Newcomen invents the revolutionary (literally) Steam Engine.
  • Battle of Lexington Green & Concord

    Battle of Lexington Green & Concord
    The first historic battle of many in the American Revolution. This was where the "shot heard around the world" was heard.
  • Cast Iron Process

    Cast Iron Process
    Material is poured into mold, solidifies, and creates the desired shape. Invented by Abraham Darby
  • George III comes to thrown

  • Thomas Jefferson went to College

  • Fall of Quebec

    Fall of Quebec
    French surrender Canada to the British, this event leads up to the American Revolution.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This document stop quarrel between the French and British. England now has control over once French-ruled Canada, and France is under British Military Rule.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    Issued by King George III, this states that the land west of the Appalachian Mountains is strictly off limits, and New Englanders cannot move to the Ohio Valley, and if they are already there, get out! First Nations remain where they are and keep their land, while colonists are angered and feel betrayed.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    The Spinning Jenny was invented by James Hargreaves. Reduces the labor necessary to produce yarn.
  • Period: to

    Stamp Act Lifetime

  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    This act was a tax that colonists had to pay on printed materials. It was passed byt he British government and was introduced to help pay and support the British troops that were stationed in North America at the time. This act was passed two years after the Seven Years War ended, and nobody really had that kind of money. Colonists were also angered because they had nor representation in parliament, and were being taxed without being represented [No Taxation Without Representation].
  • Sons of LIberty

    Sons of LIberty
    The Sons of LIberty were a group of American patriots that protected the rights of colonists. The group was made up of people from mostly middle and upper class people, but made public appearances to encourage all classes.
  • Stamp Act Demolished

    Stamp Act Demolished
    The Stamp Act caused riots and conflict between British officials and colonists. British officials would be brutally tarred and feathered for public mockery.
  • Samuel Slater is Born

    Samuel Slater is Born
    Samuel Slater was the father of the industrial revoltuion.
  • Water Frame

    Water Frame
    Richard Arkwright invents and develops the water frame.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A protest outside between colonsits and a couple of British officers smarks a full on riot. Threats, insults and dares are being thrown back and forth between the two groups, when a gunshot begins another round of quarrel. It is debatable whether or not this could be considered a "massacre" because only seven people were killed. Either way they still died and that's not okay.
  • The Tea Act

    The Tea Act
    The East India Company receives a monopoly from the British government for tea. The British government purposely lowers the prices of their tea to make more people want to buy them. As a hidden detail, by buying tea from this company, colonists are subject to further "Taxation without Representation" by parliament.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The Sons of Liberty play a game of dress up as they raid a British boat and pour 45 tonnes of tea into the Boston Harbour. The Sons of Liberty dress up as Mohawk Indians, well they don't try very hard, and storm onto the boat lead by Sameul Adams
  • The Intolerable Acts

    As a way of punishment, the British government passes the Intolerable or Coercive acts. The Boston Port Act, the Massachussetts Government Act, the Administration of Justice Act, and the Quatering Act
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Colonists meet in Philadelphia to talk about Britain, and speak of the acts and taxes they were putting on them. At the end of the day, they decided to boycott British goods.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act
    This act states that Quebec is now a British colony, where the French still have rights. This act also expands Quebec's boundaries (land mass) and allows the French to remain Catholic, which Americans are not happy about because they are mostly Anglican/Protestant.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Benjamin Franklin's first Continental Congress.
  • Battle at Bunker Hill

    Battle at Bunker Hill
    American officer William Prescott instructed his soldiers to not shoot until they saw "the whites of their eyes". The British won, however, but the Americans gained valuable experience and courage.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    This docment declared the 13 colonies that were (at the time) at war with Britain, to be Independent.
  • Battle of Brookyln

    Battle of Brookyln
    This was the first major battle of the American Revolution.
  • Battle of Trenton

    Battle of Trenton
    This could barely be considered a battle, George Washington led his army across the Delaware and surprised, captured and killed many very drunk Hessian soldiers.
  • Battle at Princeton

    Battle at Princeton
    The Americans are on a winning streak as they make the British leave New Jersey.
  • Battle at Saratoga

    Battle at Saratoga
    This was a plot twist or climax of the American revolutionary war. The British had planned an attack from 3 different approaches, but alas it failed, and Burgoyne (he planned it) surrendered. The French then decided to help supply the Americans with ammunition, money, weapons and ships, after hearing news of the battle.
  • Battle at Yorktown

    Battle at Yorktown
    This was really the last major battle in the American Revolutionary war, and it occured in Yorktown, Virginia... not New York. George Washington and the Americans defeated General Cornwallis and the British.
  • Steam Powered Mills

    Steam Powered Mills
    Industrial factories now had working steam powered mills to provide for the textile industry
  • Louis XVI Calls for the Estates General

    Louis XVI Calls for the Estates General
    The Estates-Gnereal is called for the first time since 1614
  • National Assembly Assembles

    National Assembly Assembles
    After getting kicked out of the meeting room for the Estates General, the Third Estate (low low low class) take the Tennis Court Oath, and becomes the National Assembly.
  • Bastille

    Bastille
    The Bastille is invaded by the Third Estate who wanted weapons. In the process, they released the seven remaining inmates and the building crumbled.
  • Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

    National Assembly writes a document that essentially states points similar to those of the Declaration of INdependence
  • Women's March to Versailles

    Women's March to Versailles
    Angry Parisian women (and men) make their way to Versailles, and eventually manage to get King Louis XVI and Marie Antionette and the rest of the royal family to move back to Paris
  • Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette move to French Countryside

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette desire to be one of the noble "emigres", and when offered by General Boullier to move to his estate in the French countryside, the King and Queen jump at the offer. The royal couple dress up like peasants and make their way to the French countryside.
  • Royal Family is Arrested

    In an infamous attempt to secretly flee to Austria (where Marie is from) to gain allegiance, the King, the Queen and their children are arrested at the borders when they are recognized. Another reason they decided to leave was because of the many other aristocrats that were leaving France at the time.
  • Jacobins' Petition Signing

    The Jacobins hold a petition drive in the Champ de Mars. The petition states that since the King abdocated his thrown, the country should become a republic.
  • National Assembly Finishes Constitution

    Fulfills the Tennis Court Oath and brings in a constitutional monarchy.
  • King Louis XVI and the National Assembly

    make a consecutive decision to invade Austria.
  • National Convention

    National Convention
    The constitutional and legislative assembly of France, including Robespierre and Marat attend the National Convention's first meeting.
  • King Louis XVI Dies

    King Louis XVI Dies
    Louis has a trial, is found guilty, and dies by guillotine.
  • Period: to

    The Reign of Terror

    Laws were feared and anyone who disagreed with the reovlutionaries (Jacobins and Sans-Culottes), were killed. One of these laws include the failutre to show a birth certificate would elad to execution.
  • Marie Antoinette Dies

    Marie Antoinette Dies
    She is beheaded by guillotine.
  • Maximilien Robespierre Executed

    Maximilien Robespierre Executed
    Without a trial, Robespierre was sentenced to death by guillotine... not so "incorruptible".
  • Napoleon Bonaparte Seizes Power

  • English Factory Acts

    English Factory Acts
    These acts did their best to imporve the working conditions for people working in factories, for isntance now their was an age limit as to how young working children could be. However, bosses would still continue to lie about the ages of the kids.
  • Civil Code

    Civil Code
    The Code Napoleon is introduced in France
  • Enter Napoleon the Emperor

    Enter Napoleon the Emperor
    Napoleon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of France by crowning himself; literally by taking the crown from out of the pope's hands and placing it atop his own head.
  • Period: to

    Napoleon Bonaparte's Rule as Emperor

  • Napoleon Escapes

    Napoleon Escapes
    After being exiled to a place called Elba, he hears word that he is needed again in France, so he gets onto a boat disguised as a British ship and sails back to France; and is warmly welcomed for a while.
  • Napoleon Doesn't Escape

    Napoleon Doesn't Escape
    Napoleon is exiled to St. Helena, an island that was very remote.
  • Child Labor Law

    Child Labor Law
    No child under the age of nine is legally allowed to work in a factory under the new child labor laws.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte Dies

    Napoleon Bonaparte Dies
    Napoleon Bonaparte dies of stomach cancer.