Spain in the 18th and 19th centuries

  • Charles II

    Charles II
    Charles II started to reign being the succesor of Philip IV
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    Reign of Charles II

    Firstly his mother made a regencie for him when he recieved the throne at the age of 3,later on with the age of 14 he reign even he had a very weak fisical and mental healthy.He was marriaged two times bur he died in 1700 without descendants,he make testament in favour of Philip V to be the next king.
  • Charles III "El Pretendiente" or Chrales VI

    Charles III "El Pretendiente" or Chrales VI
    He was born on 1685.He was archduke of Austria son of the Emperor Leopoldo I and was suitor to the Spanish throne in the 1700,but finally he was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Death of Charles II

    Death of Charles II
    He died without children.
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    War of sucession

    It was a war between the francospanish and the aliance against the bourbons known as Liga of the Haya made up by Great Britain,Holand,Portugal and Saboya but it also was a civil war between the crown of Aragon,which supported the archduke Charles the crown of Castille which supported Philip the Bourbon.The war ends with the creation of the Treaty of Utrech(1713) and with the Treaty of Rastatt in Germany.With this two treaties Spain loses all the European countries it own and an American colony.
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    Reign of Joseph I

    His Succesor and young brother was the Hapsburg Archduke Charles of Austria.European balance of power would be destroy if him got Spain
  • Emperor Joseph I

    Emperor Joseph I
    His Succesor and young brother was the Hapsburg Archduke Charles of Austria.
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    "Decretos de nueva planta"

    They were the main way to centralise the administration,and aswell on this way he reward the parts of Spain that had been loyal to him during the war of succesion and at the same time to punish the ones that had comitted betrayal to him.
  • 1st Decree,"Decretos de Aragon y Valencia"

    1st Decree,"Decretos de Aragon y Valencia"
    In this date the "Decretos de Aragon y Valencia" are published having as resoult the abolishion of all the legislative and institutional system in both kingdoms.
  • The 2nd Decree

    The 2nd Decree
    In this date the 2nd Decree was issued,in this one Aragon recieved a new plant in the Audience of Zaragoza
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    Charles VI was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

    He was suitor for the Spanish throne but was Philip V who won that place,so he was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Philip V get to the throne

    Philip V get to the throne
    He reached the throne with the condition that france and spain would never be united
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    1st Reign of Philip V

    He won the Spanish succesion war and left the throne to his son really early.
  • Isabel of Farnesio of Parma

    Isabel of Farnesio of Parma
    In this date Isabel of Farnesio of Parma got married with Philip V and after she pay some attention she descovered that her sons would no reign any territories and to avoid that she,with the cardinal Alberoni, supported the wars to reconquest Sardinia,Sicily and Naples with a catastrophic resault to the public treasury.Finally she reach her objective and her son Charles III was king of Spain and also king of the two Sicilies.
  • The 4th Decree

    The 4th Decree
    The 4th Decree that afected only Cataluña abolished the Courts and "el Consejo de Ciento" it
    replaced the viceroy by a general captain and the official language wasn't anymore the latin and started to be the spanish.
  • The 3rd Decree

    The 3rd Decree
    The 3rd Decree was the one of Mallorca,in this one they were more complacent and negotiators.
  • Luis I

    Luis I
    He reign in Spain after the death of his father but he died in the same year forcing his father to return to the throne.
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    Luis I reign in Spain

    After the abdication of his father Philip V he reign in Spain but his reign was short because he died in august of the same year.
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    2nd reign of Philip V

    After the death of his son he return to the throne until he die.
  • Count of Floridablanca

    Count of Floridablanca
    José Moñino y Redondo,Count of Floridablanca,was a spanish politician that work as Secretary of the State between 1777 and 1792 and he chaired the Supreme Central Assembly created in 1808.
    He was part of the politicians that helped to modernice the Bourbonic Monarchy in several fields (social, economic and political) introducing reformes inspired in the ilustrated tendencies that were in Europe at that moments.
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    Family Compacts

    The Family Compacts were in use during this period of time.
    They were treated like a defensive-ofensive aliance signed by France and Spain for counteracting the power of Britain in Europe and America.
    Two of them were created in time of Philip V and the other one in the time of Charles III
  • 1st Family Compact

    1st Family Compact
    It was signed by Philip V of Spain and Louis XV of France in the Escorial.Philip V was recognised as the king of Spain with the condition that Spain and France will never be united the two monarch got a
    allied in the first Family Compact against Austria.Philip did that with the intention of recovering the Italian posesions and finally he recovered Naples and Sicily.The positive resoults of the compact were the recognise of Don Carlos son of Isabel like the king of Naples and Sicily.
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    Reing of Charles VII in the two Sicilies and Naples

    He was king of the two Sicilies and Naples before being king of Spain,after his death one of his sons,Ferdinand I inheritated the throne of the two Sicilies and Naples.
  • 2nd Family Compact

    2nd Family Compact
    It was signed in Fontainebleu with the same monarchs than the first one.This compact is broken by Philip VI when he denied help to France in the wars,when Spain was having a neutral activity with France and Great Britain.
    The positive part of this compact could be the confirmation of Don Charles like king of the two Sicilies and Parma,Guastalla and Plasencia would be give to Don Philipe.The worst part was the betrayal from France to Spain negotiating with Austria.
  • Jovellanos

    Jovellanos
    Gaspar Melchor of Jovellanos,who was born at this date in Gijon,was a spanish writer,lawyer and a ilustrated politician.
    It is describe like a real model of the spanish enlightenment,he cultivated literature by wroting short poems, ballads, romances, satires, epistles, and dramatic works.
    He did all this even having a lot of activities more in his life like building schools,being against Napoleon,studing all branches of knowledge and been polygraph and broadcaster at the same time.
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    Francisco's de Goya life

    Francisco de Goya painted for 3 royal genertions starting with the one of Charles III,he was an excelent painter and in the end of his life he was deaf and a little bit crazy.
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    Ferdinand VI

    He was marriaged with Barbara of Baganza daugther of the king of Portugal but he died without descendents,so his stepbrother,Charles III king of the two Sicilies and Napoles get the throne of Spain.
  • Ferdinand VI

    Ferdinand VI
    He was son of the first wife of Philip V
  • Canal of Castille started to be built

    Canal of Castille started to be built
    It is a fluvial way use to comunicate and irrigate the castillian plateou, Ferdidand VI started this project.
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
    It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.The war was driven by the antagonism between Great Britain and the Bourbon Dynasty (in France and Spain).
    The Anglo-French hostilities were ended in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris.
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    Seven years War

    The Seven Years War began in 1754, between France and Great Britain in America, and ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The war provided Great Britain enormous territorial gains in North America, but disputes over subsequent frontier policy and paying the war’s expenses led to colonial discontent, and ultimately to the American revolution.
  • Charles III

    Charles III
    Charles III who was already king of the two Sicilies and Naples with the name of Charles VII Return to Spain and get the throne after the death of his stepbrother,Ferdinand VI.
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    Reign of Charles III in Spain

    Charles the III reign in Spain,the first months of this reign were formed by a regence of his mother.He was marriaged with Amalia of Sajonia,and he had 13 sons from which Carlos IV was the succesor in Spain.His reign was end with his death.
  • 3rd Family Compact

    3rd Family Compact
    It was signed in France.It was based on the militar coperation that only was available for bourbonic purposes and for the preservation of the comerce of the subjects of both countries against the rest of European powers.The real purpose of this alliance was to try to stop the colonial english expansion,both crowns worry.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    It was the end of the Seven years war,it was signed by the duke Choiseul,the Marquis of Grimaldi and the duke of Bedford.
    It shows the victory of G.B. and Prussia.
    G.B. won the Spanish territories of the Florida,and the colonies at the east and southeast of the Misisipi.
    Spain won the French territories of Luisiana,and from G.B. the return of the port of the Habana and of the city of Manila (Philipines),ocupied during the war.
    Portugal obtained from spain the return of the colony of Sacramento.
  • Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    Leopoldo de Gregorio,Marqués de Esquilache,who was a Neapolitan supported by Charles III and occupying the post of Secretary of the Treasury, War and Navy,he baned the large coats and the brimmed hats to prevent attacks in the streets.The 10 of march of 1766 the signboard in the streets were torn and the local authorities were atacked,the people were really angry because the king had say them even how to dress up and have banned the tradicional clothes.
  • Expel of the Jesuits from Spain

    Expel of the Jesuits from Spain
    The Company of Jesus is a religious organisation of the Catholic Church founded in 1539 by Saint Ignacio of Loyola and with an unconditional loyalty to the Pope.They are based on 4 votes,the first one is obedince,the second poverty,the third one chastity and the forth and more important one obedience over all to the Pope.
    They were expell due to the Pragmatic Sanction of 1767.This Sanction was crated because their 4th vote sais that they should obey firstly to the pope and later on to the king,
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    Royal tapestry of Goya

    They were painted on commission for Charles III of Spain and later for Charles IV of Spain between 1775 and 1791 to hang them in the San Lorenzo and the El Escorial and El Pardo palaces.
  • Example of Goya's royal tapestry

    Example of  Goya's royal tapestry
    This beutifull tapestry is call "La Nevada" and it was hand in El Prado
  • Zumalacarregui

    Zumalacarregui
    He was a Basque Carlist general.He participated in the Charlist War.
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    Zumalacarregui live

    Born 1788 in Ormaiztegui, a village in Guipúzcoa 5 km from Villareal.. At 19 he gave up his studies to fight in the War of Independence. He stayed in the army and beame colonel of the 14th regiment of infantry. In early 1830s he was appointed military governor of El Ferrol. Political reasons had him retiring on leave to Pamplona in 1832. In November 1833, at age 45, he was appointed to command the Carlist Army of the North upon the death of Don Ladrón.
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
    He was the succesor in Spain of Charles III.
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    Reign of Chales IV

    He was born on 1748 and he get to the throne with 40 years when his father Charles III died.From 1806 the politic situation started to get difficult and after the abdication of his son Ferdinand VII and later on in Napoleon I Bonaparte,he started an exile that started in France and ended in Italy with his dead.
  • Goya was the painter of Charles III

    Goya was the painter of Charles III
    Goya was painter of the royal family at this moment and he made a lot of works for them.This is one of his general works.
  • Manuel Godoy

    Manuel Godoy
    He was the Prime minister of Spain.In 1798 he was oblied to left the political position because the huge pressure of the French Directory,and years after he return and with the help of the french won the war of "la guerra de las Naranjas" against Portugal.
  • Goya got deaf

    Goya got deaf
    In November 1792, Francisco de Goya seriously ill in Seville with a complex clinical picture: suffering from tinnitus (self listening noise and ringing in the ears), vertigo, decreased hearing, and mental confusion, with delusions and hallucinations.Such is the severity of symptoms and significantly Slimming enters a deep depression, and in January 1793 he wrote to his friend Zapater is telling:
    "sick in bed for two months in the city of Seville."
  • King Louis XVI was executed

    King Louis XVI was executed
    He was executed by the revolutionaries because he try to escape after signing the constitution
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    War of pyrenees

    France fougth against spain,and France resoulted winner
    The war ended with the Peace of Basle where we lost half of the caribbean islands of Santo Domingo
  • "Los caprichos" of Goya

    "Los caprichos" of Goya
    Los Caprichos are a set of 80 paintings created by the artist Francisco de Goya in 1797 and 1798.
    This is the Capricho number 1 in which he made a self-portrait to show he was the creator of this set of art works.
  • Charles IV family portrait, Goya

    Charles IV family portrait, Goya
    In this picture Goya paints the royal familie.
  • Spanish defeat at Battle of Trafalgar

    Spanish defeat at Battle of Trafalgar
    In this battle France and Spain fought against Great Britain because the comercial rutes and finally Great Britain won with Horatio Nelson as comander.
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau

    Treaty of Fontainebleau
    Was a political agreement that was signed between Napoleon Bonaparte of France and Charles IV of Spain on October 27, 1807, in Fontainebleau, France. It was agreed that Portugal and all Portuguese dominions were to be divided between the signatories
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    1st Reign of Ferdinand VII

    He reign after the abdication of his father until Napoleon forced him to abdicate aswell.
  • 2nd of May

    2nd of May
    The May 2, 1808, a crowd rushed to the gates of the Royal Palace on rumors of a possible departure of the last members of the Spanish court to France. When French soldiers Infante Francisco de Paula wore a scream ignited the hostilities, Jose Blas Molina shout “Que nos los llevan!!!”! and immediately the crowd began trying to storm the Royal Palace, the uprising began.
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    Napoleonic Troops in Spain

    All this time Napolonic troops stayed in Spain and Jose I Bonaparte was ruling.
  • Abdications of Bayonne

    Abdications of Bayonne
    The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Peninsular War. The failed El Escorial Conspiracy preceded the Mutiny of Aranjuez which forced King Charles IV to abdicate the throne to his son Ferdinand VII in 1808 by order of the Spanish Royal Council.Napoleon's designation of his brother, Joseph, as King of Spain was resisted by the Spanish people and led to the Peninsular War. Napoleon then named Ferdinand king of Spain
  • Jose I Bonaparte

    Jose I Bonaparte
    He started to be king in Spain supported by his brother Napoleon I Bonaparte.
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    Reign of Jose I Bonaparte

    After being king of Naples until that moment his brother, Napoleon I Bonaparte gave him the throne of Spain after having by force the abdication of Charles IV and his son Ferdinand VII,he loses the throne when Ferdinand VII returned.
  • Spanish first constitution "La Pepa"

    Spanish first constitution "La Pepa"
    Spain’s first constitution was drawn up in Cadiz, enshrining the rights of Spanish citizens and limiting the power of the monarchy. Although it was not enacted for some years, its influence was considerable, both within peninsular Spain and its territories around the world.
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    Absolute reing of Ferdinand VII

    He was ruling before, but Napoleon send him out of power. He was restored to absolutism with the help of the Holy Alliance(100000 hijos de San Luis)
  • Absolutist period of Ferdinand VII

    Absolutist period of Ferdinand VII
    He abolished the constitution of 1812,all the legislative work of the 'cortes' of cadiz and disolved the 'cortes' with a decree
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    2nd reign of Ferdinand VII

    He was the son of Charles IV.He was the last represantitve of the absolutism on Spain,he didn't respect the constitution in the first years.Napoleon forced him to abadicate in his favour but the cortes didn't admit that and let the throne to Ferdinand when he returned and Jose I Bonaparte was expulsed from the throne.He was marriaged 4 times and have several sons and daugthers.his reign ends with his death.
  • "Lo mismo ,Desastres de la guerra" Goya

    "Lo mismo ,Desastres de la guerra" Goya
    This picture shows that during the war lot of calamities were made.
  • Riego's pronunciamiento

    Riego's pronunciamiento
    Riego make the pronunciamiento in order to prevent a lot of young people of going to the war and for getting rid of the pressure of the absolute monarch by making the constitution as valid
  • Black Paintings "Las Parcas"

    Black Paintings  "Las Parcas"
    When he paint this pictures he was totally deaft and a bit crazy.
  • One thousend hundred Sons of St. Louis

    One thousend hundred Sons of St. Louis
    France intervened militarily in Spain on April 7, 1823 to support spain against liberals and restore absolutism, under the agreements of the Holy Alliance. The French army, known by the name of the Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis, was led by the Duke of Angouleme, son of the future Charles X of France. Other leader that commanded the army was Bon Adrien Jeannot Moncey.
  • Death of Goya

    Death of Goya
    He died in Burdeos, France.
  • Pragmatic sanction

    Pragmatic sanction
    Decree of Ferdinand VII of Spain, which promulgated his predecessor Charles IV’s unpublished decision of 1789 revoking the Salic law of succession, which had denied royal succession to females. The Pragmatic Sanction was intended to permit his unborn child to succeed to the throne, even if it were female.
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    First Carlist War

    The Civil War had restored power to the royalist faction, but still the liberals plotted. The fourth wife of Ferdinand VII was Maria Cristina, a princes of Sicily, used her influence to convince Ferdinand to disregard the Salic laws, and leave the kingdom to his 3-year-old daughter, Isabella, rather than his brother Don Carlos. This upset the balance of powers terribly, and before Ferdinand was cold in his grave—and long before Don Carlos began to take an active role in the rebellion,
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    Regencies for Isabella II

    During this period Isabella was not able to be queen, so they were ruling until se was big enough
  • Isabel II

    Isabel II
    She was the daugther of Ferdinand VII and inheritance the throne even it was an other option who was Charles V brother of her father Ferdinand VII
  • Charles V

    Charles V
    He was the brother of Ferdinand VII and the suitor for the throne of Spain against Isabel II
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    Reign of Isabel II on Spain

    Before she was above the age of 16 she had two regencies,the first one was done by her mother since 1833 until 1840 and the second one was done by the general Baldomero Fernandez Espartero.
    After that moment the queen was her and he was marriaged against her will with her cousin,Asis of Borbon and had 9 sons including in them Alfonso XII,king in the future.She was desthroned by a revolution in 1868
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    second Carlist War

    The second Carlist War was a relatively brief uprising led by the Carlist general Ramon Cabrera, a hero of the first Carlist war who had continued the fight even after the peace treaty was signed, and eventually fled to France. He reappeared in Spain in 1848 with the object of arranging a marriage between Isabella, with a royalist sympathizer.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The Glorious Revolution (Spanish La Gloriosa) took place in Spain in 1868, deposing Queen Isabella II. An rebellion led by General Juan Prim and a revolt of the sergeants at San Gil barracks (Madrid) sent a signal to Spanish liberals and republicans that there was serious unrest with the state of affairs in Spain that could be harnessed if it were properly led. Liberals and republican exiles abroad made agreements at Ostend in 1866 and Brussels in 1867.
  • Provisional Government

    Provisional Government
    Government between the reigns of isabel II and Amadeo I of Saboya
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    Provisional Government

    The firt regencie was done by Francisco Serrano until july of 1869 followed by Juan Prim Prats who ends the Provisional Government with the arrival of Amadeo I of Saboya
  • Amadeo I of Saboya

    Amadeo I of Saboya
    He was elected by the cortes of Spain to be the next king.
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    Amadeo I of Saboya

    He was born in 1845,He was elected by the Cortes,he was marriaged two times and had several sons.
  • Death of Juan Prim

    Death of Juan Prim
    He became known after the first Carlist war.He rose in arms in 1843.He was militar governor of Barcelona and later on captain General of Puerto Rico (1847-1848).
    President of the Council of Ministers of Spain between
    18 july 1869 - 27 december 1870
    He was asesinated
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    Third Carlist war

    The Third Carlist War began after a series of complicated political dislocations. The Liberals had won the previous Carlist Wars, and had succeeded in many of their objectives of dissolving religious orders and a establishing uniform taxation. But a strong conservative faction still remained in the country, and to the extent that free elections were allowed, they gained a considerable voice in government.
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    First president of the first Republic( Estanislao Figueras)

    The first government of the Republic had to face a very difficult economic, social and political situation.
  • First Republic in Spain

    First Republic in Spain
    It was set due to the Courts.
    There were 4 president during the time of 11 months.
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    1st Republic in Spain

    It had 4 presidents,Estanislao Figueras i Moragas,Francisco Pi i Maragall,Nicolás Salmerón i Alonso,Emilio Castelar i Ripoll,
    in the time of 11 months.It was the frist time Spain had a republican government.
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    Second president of first Republic( Francisco Pi y Margall)

    The government program of Francisco Pi y Margall presented to the courts was based on the need to end the Carlist War, the separation of church and state, abolition of slavery and reforms in favor of women and child workers .
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    Third president of first Republic( Nicolás Salmerón)

    Nicolás Salmerón was elected President of the Executive Branch with 119 votes for and 93 votes against, was a moderate federalist who defended the need to reach an understanding with conservative groups and a slow transformation to a federal republic.
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    Fourth president of first Republic(Emilio Castelar)

    He was elected President of the Executive branch, he was in favor of the unitary republic, and he was Professor of History and keynote speaker.
  • Charles VII

    Charles VII
    Son of Juan III
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    Charles VII

    He was another charlist King
  • Spanish Restoration

    Spanish Restoration
    Began on 29 December 1874 after the First Spanish Republic ended with the restoration of the monarchy under Alfonso XII after a coup d'état by Martinez Campos, and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic
  • Alfonso XII

    Alfonso XII
    Son of Isabel II
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    Reing of Alfonso XII in Spain

    He was born in 1857,son of isabel II.He got marriaged with his cousin Mercedes of Orleans and after this died with Maria Cristina of Hapsburg.His reign ends with his death.
  • Alfonso XIII

    Alfonso XIII
    Is the grandfather of our actual king,Juan Carlos I
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    Reign of Alfonso XIII in Spain

    He was born in 1886.He got marriaged with Eugenia of Battenberg and had 6 sons,he was the last Bourbon until the actual king,Juan Carlos I reach the throne