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Socials 9 AP Timeline

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    First document forced on King John that takes away the divine right of kings.
  • King James I ascended to throne

    King James I ascended to throne
    King James is crowned the King Of England after ruling in Scotland as King James IV for many years. He took the throne from his cousin, Queen Elizabeth.
  • Witch Hunts are still taking place- 1435-1750

    Witch Hunts are still taking place- 1435-1750
    Witches were being burned, drowned, tortured and killed. Any suspicious woman was acused of being a witch- this includes single women, the elderly, healers, and widows. If suspicious things happened- ie. people miraculously being healed or "cursed", it was blamed on a nearby woman and she was acused instantly of being a witch.
  • Gunpowder Plot executed

    Gunpowder Plot executed
    The Gunpowder Plot was executed by a group of unsatisfied Catholics. They were trying to assasinate King James by blowing up the House of Lords.
  • James stops calling parliament for the next 7 years

    He "didn't feel like it'. This is the point where he basically gave up trying to rule England.
  • Charles crowned king

    Charles crowned king
  • James died

    James died
    Said he died of a stroke
  • Petition of Right created

    The Petition of Right stated the king needed to follow the Magna Carta, abolish the Court of Star chamber, have fair trials and call parliament.
  • Short Parliament called

    Charles calls parliament to ask for support to fight the Scots. They tell him to sign the Petition of Right.
  • Short Parliament dissolved

    Charles rufused to sign the Petition of Right and therefore dissolved parliament.
  • Long Parliament called by Charles

    Never legally dissolved. Charles called it hoping they would all of a sudden like him again. They have terms he needs to agree to: Laud and Stafford have to die and has to admit his wrong doings.
  • Grand Remonstrance signed

    Grand Remonstrance signed
    presented to Charles at Hampton Court. Written by John Pym. Passed with 11 votes.
  • Civil war broke out

    Royalists vs. Parliamentarians
    (Cavaliers vs. Roundheads)
  • First great battle of the civil war

    Took place at Edgehill. The outcome was indescisive.
  • Parliament wins a battle in the civil war

    Two sides met en masse at Martson Moore and Parliament was triumphant.
  • Puritans win the Civil War

    At Naseby. The Puritans took 5000 prisoners, 100, 000 pounds in jewels and booty, and captured the king's private correspondance.
  • MPs vote to disband the New Model Army

    Soliders were sent home. They were dismissed without being payed and they were upset that Parliament wanted to negotiate a deal with Charles.
  • Overthrew existing parliament

    The only people allowed in parliament were Cronwell supporters- noone could be loyal to the king!
  • MPs vote to try King Charles for treason

    John Bradshaw was the only man who stepped up to be the judge for this case. Trail started the 20th of January
  • Charles beheaded

    Charles beheaded
    Charles was found guilty as a "Tyrant, Traitor, Murderer and Public Enemy to the good people of this nation". He was beheaded that afternoon. People were actually sad because they no longer had a king and didn't know what this would entail for their lives.
  • England declared a commonwealth

  • Oliver Cronwell dies

    Oliver Cronwell dies
  • Steam Engine invented

    Steam Engine invented
    invented by James Watt.
  • Flying shuttle invented

    Kay invented it.
  • Cast Iron process invented

    Darby invented it.
  • King Louis XVI born

    King Louis XVI born
  • George III crowned king of England

  • French surrender Canada to English

  • Royal Proclomation

    Quebec becomes an actual colony; not ruled by military anymore. First Nations receive a large amount of land near the Ohio valley. Rids colonists from this area.
  • Sugar Act

    Import/export tax.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    To support military revenues. When you bought a piece of paper or something of that sort, you also had to buy a stamp to prove you payed for it.
  • Stamp Act repealed

  • British troops occupy Boston

    Their presence lead to many street fights, including the Boston Massacre. British soldiers were placed here because the British government wanted to enforce their acts and rules more strictly.
  • Napoleon Bonaporte born

    Napoleon Bonaporte born
    In Corsica, France. He was a Catholic, Nationalist, and supported the Jacobins. He attended military school and was a born leader; his overall goal was an empire.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    4 or 5 killed, 6 or more wounded. Americans were taunting the British soldiers in Boston, yelling at them to fire their guns. They did so.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Bostonians were angry at the British, so they dumped 43 tons of tea (worth $1,000,000) into the ocean. This lead to the Intollerable Acts
  • Intollerable Acts imposed

    Imposed as a punishment for the Boston Tea Act.
  • King Louis XVI crowned

    King Louis XVI crowned
  • Quebec Act

    -The old boundaries of the Quebec province were extended southward all the way to the Ohio River -Was not approved by the French-Canadians or the colonists. It also promised the French people their Catholic religion. Considered included in the Intollerable Acts.
  • First Continental Congress

    The Congress drew up several dignified papers, including the Declaration of Rights. John Adams lead this group with a revolutionary ideal.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    First battles of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Second Continental Congress

    gradually moving forwards to solidifying the separation between England and America.
  • George Washinton named Commander in Cheif

  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Moral victory for the Americans but the Brits won officially.
  • Thomas Paine writes "Common Sense"

    Thomas Paine writes "Common Sense"
  • Declaration approved by Congress

    Declaration approved by Congress
    Written by Thomas Jefferson. Fully states the unalienable rights of men and is the offical clean break from England.
  • Treaty of Paris is signed

    This ended the American Revolutionary War.
  • US Constitution signed

    US Constitution signed
    It was fully adopted over the course of the year.
  • Third Estate calls itself "The National Assembly"

  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The Third Estate was locked out of a town meeting, so they walked down the street in a fury and gathered together. They agreed to make thier own constitution, and all but one signed it. About 500 people were in attendance.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    A stampede of French people attacked thr Bastille to get weapons. They also released all prisoners (only 6 at the time) and began tearing the building down brick by brick.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    Defines the individual rights of all people and states they are all equal
  • French Women invade Versailles

    French Women invade Versailles
    They were in search of Marie Antoinette. Many of these women worked by the sea with fisheries, so they were strong and bulky, and also very aggresive. If they had encountered Marie, they proably would have killed her right then and there.
  • Louis XVI arrested

    Louis XVI arrested
    Him and his family were arrested while trying to flee France.
  • Louis XVI accepts constitution formally

    This day was huge because it marked the offical joining of the monarchy and the constitution, creating a constitutional monarchy. This was Lafayette's dream. This brought the citizens of France together.
  • France declared war on Austria

    Helped King Louis XVI's situation because it could get him back on the throne.
  • Louis XVI executed

    Tryed for treason and found guilty
  • Start of the Reign of Terror

    Anyone who questioned the revolution was executed by the Revolutionary leaders, including Marat and Robespierre. Over 17,000 people were sentenced to death during this year-long phase.
  • Robespierre executed

    Robespierre executed
    Also the end of the Reign of Terror. The French Revolution starts to decrease here as Robespierre was such a vital key to the movement.
  • Napoleon marries Josephine

    Josephine de Beauharnais. She later became the first Empress of France.
  • French Revolution Ends

  • Coup D'etat

    Napoleon staged a coup d'etat to overthrow the existing French government, which was very corrupt.
  • English Factory Acts passed

    English Factory Acts passed
    attempted to improve working conditions in factories
  • Napoleon Coronated

    Napoleon Coronated
    Napoleon actually grabbed the crown from the Pope's hands and crowned himself during his coronation.
  • Child Labour made illegal

    Child Labour made illegal
    Children under 8 were no longer allowed to work in factories.
  • Napoleon marries Marie Louise of Austria

    Napoleon marries Marie Louise of Austria
    They had a child together.
  • Napoleon leads troops into Russia

    Napoleon leads troops into Russia
    He lead 130,000 troops into Russia because it had never been done before and would be very beneficial to France. ventually the Russians withdraw but France still loses 30,000 men. People were upset with how Napoleon was ruling because people were dying all the time.
  • Napoleon exiled to Elba

    Napoleon exiled to Elba
    He was officially exiled in the Treaty of Fontainebleu. He escaped in the next year.
  • Reign of 100 Days

    Reign of 100 Days
    When Napoleon escaped from Elba, he ruled for a mere 100 days before he went back at war with England and Prussia at the battle of Waterloo. He lost and was exiled again, this time to St. Helenas. *not exact date*
  • Napoleon Dies

    Napoleon Dies
    he died of stomach cancer while on the island of St. Helena's,
  • Workers Association legalized

    Workers Association legalized
    Once parliament found out the working conditions in factories, they legalized the early labour unions.