The iberian civilization was in the south of Spain
megalithic culture of Almería and Menorca
Period: 1700 BCE to 800 BCE
They were the first occidental civilization and they introduced goldsmith.
One of their famous treasure is "El Carambolo"
Phoenicians appeared in the peninsula to colonize and explote their natural resources.
They were from Fenicia.
the Phoenicians already had sufficient technical knowledge and the necessary materials to embark on long-distance sailing.
Celts secure in the north peninsular and they fought with Iberian to dominate the territory.
Carthaginians conquer the mediterranean coast and the eastern of Spain, starting with Ibiza.
Period: 218 BCE to 201 BCE
II Punic War
The peninsula was trasformed into a battlefield between Romans who want dominate Hispania and Carthaginians who were living there
Period: 209 BCE to 19 BCE
The conquest of Spain is divided in 4 periods. The initial presence of Roma in Hispanic territoy is because they wanna counter Carthaginians, moreover, they wanna take advantage of the metropolis
Her politic centre was Toledo and they dominated the central meseta.
Period: 711 to 1492
Muslim troops cross the Strait of Gibraltar and defeat the Visigoth king, Don Rodrigo at the Battle of Guadalete
The era of Muslim rule begins
Isabel I and Fernando II
Isabel and fernando also known as Catholic Monarchs connect their kingdoms (Castilla and Aragón)
It was an institution created to persecute heretic people or false converted.
Jan 2, 1492
Conquest of Granada
Catholic Monarch finish the winning back. They took the Nazarí Kingdom and they expelled islamic people.
Oct 12, 1492
Discovery of America
A group of Spanish people leaded by Cristobal Colón arrived in an island called Guanahaní after cross the Atlanthic Ocean. The thought America was India.
Feb 22, 1530
Emperor Carlos I
Carlos I is crowned such as Emperor of Alemania and King of Spain, he possessed inheritance from his predecessors.
Being emperor was difficult due to the continuous wars.
Oct 7, 1571
In the Lepanto gulf, Turkish and Christian power were confronted because the Ottoman empire represented a menace
It was a treatise signed to finish Thirty Years´ War
The War of Succession
After the death of Carlos II, started the war of succession between Felipe de Borbón and Carlos de Austria to access to the throne
Fernando VI also known as the righteous
Carlos III also known as the politician
Carlos IV also known as the hunter
After the Aranjuez rebellion, Carlos IV is deposed and the new king is Fernando VII
Carlos IV and Fernando VII abdicated and Napoleón designate a king, his brother José Bonaparte also known as Pepe bottle
It was a constitutional assembly who has an objective, defending spain of the french invasion and designate the position of power.
From here, it was created the first constitution called "La Pepa"
historical period where the Fernando VII´reign ends and start a liberal government.
I Carlist War
It was a civil war between carlistas, who defend an absolutist system, and isabelinos, who defend a liberal system
It presented an moderated ideology.
sovereignty was divided between courts and crown, also, there was a separation of powers.
It was a short period, the progressive party pretended make a reform the politic system of Isabel II´reign
Amadeo I de Saboya abdicated and federal people ask for a Republic. It was a deal between republicans and radicals.
Spain was in a deep crisis and Miguel Primo de Rivera, a general captain, take the control of the country and impose a militar dictatorship.
The second republic repaced Alfonso XIII monarchy.
Manuel Azaña Diaz was the second republic president.
Emlio Mola and Francisco Franco started the spanish civil war to overthrow the second republic chosen democratically.
The republic and the nacionalists asked for foreign military aid and Franco received help of Nazis and Fascists
Franco was perpetuated in power during the golden age of Western democracies. At least 50.000 people were executed between 1939 and 1946. Spain was divided into winners and losers.
Franco impregnated daily life with fear, coercive practices and punishment
Juan Carlos I
After the death of Francisco Franco, Juan Carlos, who belonged to the Bourbon dynasty, get the tittle of Kng of Spain.
President Adolfo Suárez
Felipe Gonzalez won the general elections
Jose María Aznar won rthe general elections and he turned into the new president