History of Latin America 1800-1920

  • Spain deposes Peru's viceroy Ambrosio O'Higgins for his revolutionary leanings

  • Period: to

    Latin American History

  • A constitution is adopted in Haiti, where there are virtually no whites left with Toussaint president for life

  • France invades Haiti and deports Toussaint

  • France tricks and kills Haiti's rebel Toussaint L'Ouverture

  • Haiti (the former French colony of Saint-Dominique) declares independence from France

  • Haitian troops takes Argentina from Spain

  • Haiti's "emperor" Jean-Jacques Dessalines is overthrown by the army

  • Local military kicks British army out of Argentina

  • Haiti splits into two

  • Napolean invades Portugal

  • Napoleon's France invades Spain and Portugal.

  • Dom Joao VI of Portugal moves the capital to Rio

  • The viceroy of Nueva Espana declares independence from Napoleon's Spain

  • Brazil signs a trade treaty with Britain that de facto grants Britain a monopoly in Brazil

  • The viceroy of Argentina is ousted and Mariano Moreno assumes power

  • Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo issues his "grito de dolores".

    He leads a failed insurrection by Indios against white people in which thousands die.
  • Miguel Hidalgo is executed

  • A congress led by Bolivar and Miranda declares the independence of Venezuela

  • Jose Miguel Carrera takes power in Chile

  • Britain exports more goods to Brazil than to all of Asia combined

  • Spain accepts a liberal constitution for Spanish America

  • Bolivar invades Venezuela from Nueva Grenada

  • Argentina outlaws slavery, torture, and the Inquisition

  • Britain occupies Guyana

  • Ferdinand VII sends Spanish troops led by general Pablo Morillo to restore order in Nueva Grenada

  • Nueva Granada/Colombia abolishes slavery

  • Brazil invades Uruguay

  • Chile declares its independence from Spain, wi

  • Bolivar defeats the Spanish at the battle of Boyaca near Bogota (Colombia)

  • Portugal defeats and exiles the gaucho caudillo Artigas, and Uruguay is reconquered by Brazil

  • Argentina is devastated by Civil War.

  • Mexico declares independence

  • Brazil declares independence

  • Haiti invades the Dominican Republic

  • Ecuador achieves independence from Spain

  • Prince Pedro declares Brazil's independence

  • Monroe Doctrine formed by U.S shows their opposition to European ambitions in the Americas

  • Slavery is abolished in Chile

  • Brazil enacts a monarchical constitution

  • There are ten independent countries in Latin America: Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Haiti, Paraguay, La Plata, Brazil

  • There are five revolutions in one year in Chile

  • Juan Manuel de Roses begins his rule of Rio de la Plata

  • Colombia and Bolivia win the war against Peru

  • After Bolivar dies, Gran colombia splits into the countries of Venezuela, Columbia, and Ecuador

  • Slavery is abolished in the British colonies

  • Mexico's dictator Santa Anna crushes a Texan uprising at the battle of the Alamo (San Antonio), but general Sam Houston defeats the Spanish and Texas declares its independence

  • The United Provinces of Central America is dissolved, making Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua independent

  • Mexican American war begins

  • Caste War in Yucatan begins

  • Mexican American wars end

  • Beginning of railroad construction in Cuba, Chile, and Brazil

  • Juan Manuel de Roses rule of Rio de la Plata ends

  • Benito Juarez leads Mexican reform

  • Caste War in Yucatan ends

  • Beginning of French intervention in Mexico

  • War of the Triple Alliance involving Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay against Paraguay

  • End of French intervention in Mexico

  • Ten year war against Spain in Cuba

  • First female school in Mexico

  • End of war of Triple Alliance

  • Porfiro Diaz rule of Mexico begins

  • End of Ten Year war

  • Cuba and Bazil abolish slavery.

  • Fall of Brazilian Empire

  • Cuban Spanish American War begins

  • Cuban Spanish-American war ends

  • Cuba becomes a republic

  • The USA brokers a peace in Colombia, after 120,000 people have been killed

  • Riots to protest against inflation in Chile's capital Santiago leave more than 300 people dead

  • The government of Chile massacres striking miners in Iquique

  • Porfirio Diaz rule of Mexico ends

  • The USA occupies Haiti to end a civil war