History Module 5-7

  • The New Political Parties

    The New Political Parties
    Partie Rouge: Led by Dorion, it focused on the French
    Clear Grits: Led by Brown, focused on the English
  • Reasons for the conferences

    Reasons for the conferences
    Canada had economic problems because the Americans did not want to renew the Reciprocity treaty and the demand for timber was dropping
  • Charlottetown Conference

    Charlottetown Conference
    Leaders of Canada East and Canada West meet with the leaders of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Pricne Edward Island.
    It ended with them agreeing to discuss a merger.
  • Quebec Conference

    Quebec Conference
    Newfoundland joined in on the conference.
    They agreed on a federal system, each colony would get 24 seats, the assembly would be elected by the rep by pop system, and they would build a railway between the two colonies Newfoundland and PEI withdrew because the railway wouldn't benifit them as they are islands
    The Parti Rouge didn't want the federation The assembly of Canada just passed
  • London Conference

    London Conference
    The 4 provinces asked Britain for permission to create the confederation
    Britain approved and created the Dominion of Canada
    Created under the Britsh North America Act
    Contained Quebec, Ontatrio, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia The federal controlled sections inculded: Defense, banking and money, postal service and criminal law
    the provincial controlled sections included: education, municipal institutions, hospitals and property and civil rights.
    they shared immigration and agriculture
  • The 3 Levels of Government

    The 3 Levels of Government
    Executive: it makes the decisions about administration. The power is held by cabinet. Legislative: It makes or ammends laws and is in charge of taxes. The power is held by the House of Commons Judicial: Makes sure that the laws are applied. The judges are chosen by the cabinet and they are judges for life.
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    The Growth of Canada

    1870: North West Territories1870: Manitoba1871: British Columbia1873: Prince Edward Island1898: Yukon 1905: Alberta and Saskatchewan1949: Newfoundland1999: Nunavut
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    1st Phase of Industrialisation

    it changed from skilled craftsmen to unskilled workers so the work would be more efficient and finished quicker
    main industries: food processings, textiles, wood
    the national policy favored immigration
    the birth rate was still high
    farms were still over crowded
    people were moving to urban areas because there were more job oppertunities for unskilled workers
    there were better jobs in USA, Ontario and Western Canada
    there were very difficult working conditions and very low salaries
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    1st Phase Cont.

    Unions started forming
    the growth in population made the cities start to grow
    the rich lived well but most did not
    a lot of pollution
    a very high mortality rate
    Women married young and had many children
    they were forced to obey their husbands
    had very few rights and no education
    The church was in charge of registering births, deaths, and marriages
    they controlled education, orphanages , shelters, charities and religious festivals
    the church attendance was very high (Roman Catholic)
  • The National Policy

    The National Policy
    Federal Government needed to unify the provinces
    It was created by Jonh A. Macdonald
    three main points:
    1- Increase custom duties to protect Canadian goods
    2- Build Railways to unify people and increase trade
    3- Encourage immigration because the bigger the population the bigger the market is
  • Improvemens in Agriculture

    Improvemens in Agriculture
    Quebec went from wheat to dairy
    the farms were over crowded so the government encouraged people to farm new areas
  • The Northwest Rebellions

    The Northwest Rebellions
    1st Prime Minister was power hungry
    Metis considered themselves independant of Canadian Law
    Led by Louis Riel
    Uprising started in Saskatchewan
    It was quickly put down
    Louis Riel was hung for his crimes
  • The difference between Imperialism and Nationalism

    The difference between Imperialism and Nationalism
    Imperialism: you identify with the crown or Mother Country
    Nationalism: you indentify with your nation
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    World War 1

    as soon as Britain went to war, Canada did as well
    Canada did not go on its own free will
    factories were converted to make weapons
    women started to work and helped the army as nurses
    this was the start of women's rights as they got the right to vote in their husband's name if their husband was serving in the war
    there was a Conscription Crisis (people were forced to participate in the war and fight in the army)
    huge boost in population after the war
    recognized in the League of Nations
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    The Great Depression

    People were buying shares and borrowing money but when the debts were called the stocks dropped
    On Black Thursday the stocks dropped to zero and people lost most of their money
    the growth in population from WW1 stopped
    people stopped spending money
    most sectors of the economy were hit
    there were massive lay- offs
    the government tried to hep by offering solutions:
    1- Public Work Projects
    2- Work Camps
    3- Direct Aid
    4- Encouraged Farming
    President F.D.R proposed the New Deal
  • 2nd Phase of Industrialisation

    2nd Phase of Industrialisation
    mostly based on natural resources (minerals, plup and paper)
    New factories opened that were financed by USA and Britain
    New railroads were built
    strong division between the rich and the poor
    very hard working conditions
    some women got jobs as trachers or nurses
    trade unions grew
    women hate to fight for the right to vote in the federal election
  • Statute of Westminister

    Statute of Westminister
    it gave the federal government power over foreign affairs
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    World War Two

    Canada went on its own accord
    women's participation increased
    still an ethical issue
    there was another conscription crisis
    there was a boost in the economy
    the Baby Boom
    increase in immigration
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    Duplessis' rule

    the church: it still education, hospitals, orphanages, and welfare services. it was also influencial in the government. it continued to promote large families and rural life rural life: believed to be the best to promote large families and religious values. Agriculture was at the heart of Quebec's economy. The state: he believed the state should not intervene in the social or economic sectors (simply a supporting role)
  • The Quiet Revolution

    The Quiet Revolution
    a rapid and far-reaching process of social, economic, and political reform in Quebec
    3 main features:
    1- make the Quebec government the main force behind the social and economic developpement of Quebec
    2- modernize Quebec's education system
    3- weaken the influence of the Church
    there are now more intullectuals
    Union membership doubled
    Quebecers were upset that they werent getting paid the same amount as anglophones
    Terrorist organisations formed (F.L.Q) to gain independance for Quebec
  • The Invention of the Pill

    The Invention of the Pill
    it is a birth control method
  • Office de la Langue Francaise

    Office de la Langue Francaise
    created to promote the french language
  • Formation of the Parti Quebecois

    Formation of the Parti Quebecois
    formed by Rene Levesque
  • Bill 101

    Bill 101
    Only French signs were allowed in public spaces
    only children with English speaking parents educated in Quebec could go to English schools the battle between the french and the english still continues today with Bill 178 and Bill 86
  • The October Crisis

    The October Crisis
    FLQ kidnapped James Cross and Pierre Laporte
    Trudeua used the war measures act to call out the army
    Arrested hundreds of FLQ members
    Laporte's body is found
    Cross is released
  • The Referendum of 1980

    The Referendum of 1980
    done by Rene Levesque
    60% voted agaisnt
    to unify the country Trudeau met with the Canadian leaders and eveyone except Quebec voted in favor of Constitution Act and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which was signed anyway
  • The Meech Lake Accord

    The Meech Lake Accord
    denied by Newfoundland and Manitoba
  • The Oka Conflict

    The Oka Conflict
    Mohawk warriors made road blocks on the borders to their reserves in Oka
    a golf course wanted to expand its 9 holes onto native land
    lasted 78 days
    it ended with a stand off
  • The Charlottetown Agreement

    The Charlottetown Agreement
    voted agaisnt by the people
  • The Second Referendum

    The Second Referendum
    led by Jacques Parizeau
    50.6% against and 49.4% for