From Exploration to Independence

Timeline created by william.mitchell
In History
  • 1095

    Holy War

    Holy War
    Pope Urban II called for a holy war against the Muslims in the Holy Land.
  • 1200

    Shifted Focus in Europe

    Shifted Focus in Europe
    Europe shifted focus from a farming economy to trade.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo Travel Begins

    Marco Polo Travel Begins
    In 1271, Marco Polo started his journey to the East.
  • 1289

    The Crusades End

    The Crusades End
    1289 was the end of the Crusades, when Europeans' eyes were opened to the rest of the world.
  • 1293

    Polos Return

    Polos Return
    The Polos begin their journey home by ship returning with ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain, and silk.
  • 1298

    The Travels of Marco Polo Book

    The Travels of Marco Polo Book
    Marco Polo battled against Genoa and was captured as a prisoner of war. He then wrote a book.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    This was a new beginning, or "rebirth" for Europe. It opened their eyes to the outside world.
  • 1415

    Fortress of Ceuta

    Fortress of Ceuta
    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa. They wanted to control the global market of gold.
  • 1419

    Madeira Islands

    Madeira Islands
    In 1419, Portugal discovered the Madeira Islands.
  • 1427

    Azores Islands

    Azores Islands
    In 1427, Portugal discovered the Azores Islands.
  • 1434

    Successful Return

    Successful Return
    Prince Henry's ship finally made a successful home voyage. This motivated them to venture even further.
  • 1440

    The Printing Press

    The Printing Press
    The most important invention of the Renaissance was invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1440.
  • 1469

    Marriage

    Marriage
    The marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella unified Catholic Spain and began the process of building a nation that could compete for global power.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias

    Bartolomeu Dias
    Bartolomeu Dias finally made it around the tip of Africa, reaching the eastern coast of South Africa in March of 1488.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus

    Columbus
    On October 12, 1492 Columbus made landfall on an island named Hispaniola. He thought he had landed in the East Indies.