Events Leading up to the Parliamentary Monarchy in England

By RayD30
  • Hampton Court Conference

    Hampton Court Conference
    King James I announced his support of the Anglican episcopacy, publically combatting Puritans. Since Parliament was mostly made up of Protestants and Puritans, it put a split between the Monarch and them, causing each side to become suspiscious of one another.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    Charles I needed more money for the war with Spain, which Parliament supported. However, Parliament did not trust the monarchy, and refused to give Charles I money, until he recognized the Petition of Right. There were many doubts of whether or not Charles I would keep his word and follow the petition, and after a year of more disputes, he dissolved Parliament until 1640.
  • The Short Parliament

    The Short Parliament
    Charles I calls Parliament to fund the war with Presbytarian Scotland, but they refuse to give him any money. Suspicians are now at a high as Charles I forces his religion upon them, and because of their refusal to fund the war unless he addresses a long list of grievances, he dissolves Parliament quickly.
  • The Long Parliament

    The Long Parliament
    Charles I called Parliament again, and this time Parliament stayed convened for as long as they wanted, as they were tired of Charles' unlawful taxing and rule. They put measures in place to ensure that they would not be ignored for long periods of times, saying that they must be reconvened every 3 years. They impeached and executed the king's right hand men, Laud and Strafford, and also abolished the king's corrupt courts.
  • Invasion of Parliament

    Invasion of Parliament
    Charles I invaded Parliament to weed out those who were against him/plotting against him. Because they escaped, the King started raising an army of his own outside of London. Trust completely broken between the Monarchy and Parliament, Parliament started creating its own army and England got caught in a Civil War.
  • Lord Protector

    Lord Protector
    Oliver Cromwell was a devout Preotestant who joined forces with Parliament to eventually defeat Charles I, ending in his beheading. After Charles' I execution, Cromwell became Lord Protector of the new English Republic, marking the peak of Parliament control.
  • William III and Mary II

    William III and Mary II
    The entrance of William III and Mary II into the monarchy marked the end of the Glorious Revolution, and also the beginning of a strong Parliament combined with the monarchy. They recognized the Bill of Rights, which limited monarchy powers and subjected them to Parliamentary law.