English Revolution

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    King Charles vs Parliament and People

    King Charles I was constantly battling against parliament, dismissing and then recalling it to try and solve his financial issues by imposing outrageous taxes and laws, angering both parliament and his people.
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    Ship money

    Ship money was a tax Kings Charles I imposed on coastal town for the upkeep of the royal navy, and later imposed it upon inland towns as well. People were very upset with this tax.
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    Short Parliament

    Charles I called parliament so he could create new taxes, but parliament refused to even consider any new taxes until Charles agreed to get rid of ship money. Charles said he would eliminate ship money if he was given enough money to restart his war with Scotland. but when parliament refused he dismissed it again.
  • Long Parliament

    Charles needed money to fund a powerful army for his battle against the Scots, but he couldn't have this money until he recalled parliamnet and agreed to their terms, which included the signing of an Act saying that parliament must meet at least every five years.
  • Civil War Begins

    Charles I and his followers, referred to as "Royalists," raised their standard, officially declaring war against the parliament and their soldiers, called "Roundheads."
  • Charles I Surrenders

    Charles' capital, Oxford, is surrendered to parliament after Chalres is imprisoned
  • Charles I's Execution

    Charles I is beheaded after being found guilty of treason, and was buried at St. George's Chapel, in Windsor.
  • Glorious Revolution

    After a period where Charles II ruled, he is overthrown by parliament and is replaced by William and Mary of Orange, who agree to sign the Bill of Rights.