English literature in its historical context (Menitza Botha)

Timeline created by Menitza27
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    The Glorious Revolution refers to the November 1688 deposition and subsequent replacement of James II as ruler of England, Scotland and Ireland by his daughter Mary II and her Dutch husband William III of Orange. James was to be the last Catholic monarch.
  • Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Dafoe

    Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Dafoe
  • The storming of the Bastille

    The storming of the Bastille
    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. The prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming but was a symbol of the abuses of the monarchy: its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
  • "Kubla Kahn" composed, S.T. Coleridge

    "Kubla Kahn" composed, S.T. Coleridge
  • "Ozymandias," Percy Bysshe Shelley.

    "Ozymandias," Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Birth of Queen Victoria

    Birth of Queen Victoria
    Queen Victoria was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India. Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom.
  • "Ode to a Grecian Urn," John Keats

    "Ode to a Grecian Urn," John Keats
  • "On the Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin Published

    "On the Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin Published
    The first printing of Charles Darwin's book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, sold out in a matter of days. Darwin considered the volume a short abstract of the ideas he'd been developing about evolution by natural selection for decades. He'd been building on his ideas since his five-year journey in the 1830s to the South American coast, the Galapagos Islands, and other regions on the ship H.M.S. Beagle.
  • "Drummer Hodge" by Thomas Hardy published.

    "Drummer Hodge" by Thomas Hardy published.
    "Drummer Hodge can be summarised as the burial of a young British soldier, who dies in a foreign land (in this case south Africa during the Second Boer War). His body will become part of the south African landscape, instead of his birthplace.
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    The Stuart period

    The Stuart period of British history usually refers to the period between 1603 and 1714 and sometimes from 1371 in Scotland. This coincides with the rule of the House of Stuart, whose first monarch was James VI of Scotland. The period ended with the death of Queen Anne and the accession of George I from the House of Hanover. The Stuart period was plagued by internal and religious strife, and a large-scale civil war.
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    The English Civil War

    The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over the manner of its government. The first (1642–46) and second (1648–49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against those of the Long Parliament, while the third (1649–51) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and the Rump Parliament. The war ended The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September.
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    The British Interregnum

    The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration. During the Interregnum England was under various forms of republican government.
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    The Restoration

    The Restoration began when the English, Scottish and Irish were restored under Charles II after the Interregnum. The term is used to describe the actual event by which the monarchy was restored, and the period afterwards in which a new political settlement was established. It also used to cover the reign of Charles II. Sometimes it is used to cover the period of Stuart monarchs until the death of Queen Anne,for example Restoration comedy typically encompasses works written as late as 1710.
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    The Age of Reason

    The Age of Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Reason or simply the Enlightenment) was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century.
    In literature, the epoch was known as the Augustan age. "Augustan" is a term used for the period of highest refinement of any national literature. In England, from 1680 to 1750.
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    The Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, and the development of machine tools. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal.
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    The Romantic Era

    The Romantic Era was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak from approximately 1800 to 1840. Partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution it was also a revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature.
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    The French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France from 1789 to 1799 that profoundly affected French and modern history, marking the decline of powerful monarchies and churches and the rise of democracy and nationalism.
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    The Victorian Era

    The Victorian era of British history (and that of the British Empire) was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain. Some scholars date the beginning of the period in terms of sensibilities and political concerns to the passage of the Reform Act 1832.
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    The Anglo-Boer War

    The Second Boer War was fought from 11 October 1899 until 31 May 1902 between the British Empire and the Afrikaans-speaking settlers of two independent Boer republics, the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic) and the Orange Free State. It ended with a British victory and the annexation of both republics by the British Empire.