English civil war By Ash99 Apr 13, 1640 King Charles I summons the Short Parliament, bringing his eleven-year Personal Rule to an end. Oct 25, 1640 The Treaty of Ripon ends the Bishops' Wars. Dec 1, 1641 The Grand Remonstrance presented to King Charles at Hampton Court Jan 4, 1642 The King fails in his attempt to arrest the Five Members regarded as his leading opponents in Parliament. Aug 22, 1642 King Charles raises the royal standard at Nottingham Castle. King and Parliament now at war. Oct 23, 1642 Battle of Edgehill: the Earl of Essex fails to prevent the Royalists advancing on London. Jun 30, 1643 Battle of Adwalton Moor: The Earl of Newcastle defeats Lord Fairfax to secure most of Yorkshire for the King. Nov 25, 1644 Oliver Cromwell presents his complaints against the leadership of the Earl of Manchester in the House of Commons. Jun 14, 1645 Battle of Naseby: the New Model Army inflicts a crushing defeat on the King's army. Jul 10, 1645 Battle of Langport Aug 15, 1645 Battle of Kilsyth Sep 13, 1645 Battle of Philiphaugh Feb 16, 1646 Battle of Torrington May 5, 1646 King Charles surrenders to the Covenanter army at Newark.