Defining Modern Canada

By MarielM
  • Final Closing of the Residential Schools

    Although opening in the 1840's, the last residential school closed in 1980, finally putting an end to that form of cultural genocide
  • Notwithstanding Clause

    Coming into force during the negotiations of the Constitution Act of the early 1980's, the notwithstanding clause allows the Parliament of Canada and the provincial legislatures the option of declaring that a statute has been considered in violation of the Charter
  • Quebec Referendum

    In this referendum, intended to decipher whether or not the province of Quebec would remain in Canada, the citizens of Quebec voted 60% 'no' and 40% 'yes'
  • Constitution Act

    This Act replaced the British North American Act as the basic governing document of Canada, once it was approved and signed by Queen Elizabeth the II.
  • Indian Act

    Taking effect on April 17, 1985, the Indian Act guaranteed the rights of the Aboriginal people of Canada, including an end to any sort of racial or gender discrimination, culture rights, and land rights
  • Oka

    Occuring in 1990, this event refers to the clash between the Quebec town of Oka and the nearby Mohawk settlement. The municipality of Oka was planning to expand a golf course onto Mohawk land that consists of an ancestral burial ground. In the end, the expansion was called offf and the Mohawk tribe was given rights to the land
  • Meech Lake Accord

    The deadline of the Meech Lake Accord was June 23, 1990, which failed due to the opposing votes of Elijah Harper and Clyde Wells, and was attempted by Brian Mulroney's Conservative Federal government
  • Charlottetown Accord

    Coming to an end on August 28, 1992, the Charlottetown Accord was a failed agreement on constitutional change made between the provinces and federal government in 1992.

    Becoming law on January 1, 2011, the NAFTA, an agreement between Canada, the US, and Mexico, enabled these three countries to share and access each other's products with a reduced or eliminated tariff
  • Quebec Referendum

    In this referendum, the second attempt to learn whether or not Quebec's population wanted to become a sovereign nation, the citizens voted 49.42% "Yes" to 50.58% "No"