Crusades for Europe

  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1101

    First Crusades

    Peasants had basically formed the first crusades end Europans took over Jerusalem and the Holy Lands. They eventually had made it the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The end of the first Crusades was cause by the Muslims taking back Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1145 to Jan 1, 1147

    Second Crusades

    The Muslim Turks took Edessa.
  • Jan 1, 1148

    The Fiasco at Damascus

    The two main Christian forces that marched to the Holy Land in response to Pope Eugene III caused the Second Crusade that was led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. The crusaders decided to attack Damascus from the west, being outside the walls as well they immediately put it to siege. The three kings eventually decided to leave the city.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    Battle of Hittin

    It was a battle between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the forces of the Ayyubid dynasty. This is part of the destruction of the Crusader's army. The defeat at Hattin and subsequent loss of Jerusalem led to the Third Crusade.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1188 to Jan 1, 1192

    Third Crusade

    It was the cause of the fall of Jerusalem. King Richard was the head of this crusade. King Richard did negotiate an agreement with Sultan Saladin to allow Christians to go in pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1202 to Jan 1, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    The crusaders mistaknely attackerd the Christians instead f the Muslims.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1213 to Jan 1, 1221

    Fifth Crusade

    The attempt to recover the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt
  • Period: Jan 1, 1228 to Jan 1, 1229

    Sixth Crusade

    The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II recovered the Holy Land and the Papacy's power decline was now evident because of the 6th crusade.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1248 to Jan 1, 1254

    Seventh Crusade

    Started by King Louis IX of France nd he took the port of Damietta in Egypt while the Ayyubids were very weak and could not stop him. Louis then attacked Cairo, but the Mamluks arrived and defeated him. End of crusade 7.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1267 to Jan 1, 1272


    King Louis IX of France had also started this crusade. Consider that the Mamluks were very powerful, Charles, his brother, convinced Louis to attack Tunis. Luis and a bunch of his crew died from diseas leaving Charles in charge. Charles formed an alliance with Prince Edward of England. Charles gained trade rights from Tunis.