Constitutional timeline

  • Royal Proclamation

    Document made by King George III, that secured North American land to the British. States that Aboriginals do and have existed on the land, and that it is Aboriginal land. European settlers could not take the land unless bought by the crown and then sold to the Europeans. Only crown may buy land from Aboriginals. Gave rights and acknowledged the Aboriginal and was an important document leading towards Aboriginal rights.
  • Act of Union

    Sanctioned on July 23, 1840 and came into effect February 10th 1841, the Act of Union united upper and lower Canada as one. Both sections had equal representation. With this brought"suspenseion of French Canadian institutions relating to civil law and education." This eventually leads to the expansion of British North America. The responsible gorvernment refers to a "system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability."
  • British North America Act

    "An act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the government." The first written constituion in Canada, although created in the British House of Commons and changeable only to British Parliament. One of the early steps in making Canada its own and seperate nation.It also created levels of government by stating what their limitations of their powers are. This created a senate and house of commons, very similar to Britian, creating different levels of higher and lower government
  • Statute of Westminister

    British statute stating the powers the Canadian government and other Dominions of Britian have, in the process allowing them to be legally free from their mother country, Britian. This gave the country independence to make their own decisions but the knowledge of having Britian support the country.
  • Canada Act ``Constituion Act``

    Act of "patriation" for Canadian Constitution where the Charter Of Rights and Freedoms was created. It replaced the British North America Act of 1867. This act made Canada a seperate entity from Britian, which allowed Canada to make decisions seperately from Britian, the ``motherland.``All provinces excluding Quebec took on the responsiblity of being its own seperate constitution from Britian and marked patriation of the new Canadian constitution. 7+50 is the formula for most ammendments to pass
  • Meech Lake Accord

    The patriation of the constitution did not include Quebec's consent. With Brian Mulroney being Prime Minister, he negotiated with Quebec to get their signature, although this came with conditions. Quebec wanted to note that Quebec was a distinct soicety within Canada and an increase on provincial powers in regards to the government. Important to Quebec in the receival of French powers and recognition of the french language in the country.
  • Charlottetown Accord

    Series of Constitutional ammendments proposed by provincial and federal governments over powers and clarity to both jurisdicitons. Provinical jurisdictions now held power over forestry, mining, and other natural resouces. Federal jurisdiction still held power to telecommunications, labour, and cultural policies. Also, proposed charter of health, welfare, education, enviromental protection, standard of living, etc. Helped to establish rights and responsibilites of Provincial Governments.