Brazilian History

  • 1500

    Pedro Cabral claims Brazil

    Explorer Pedro Cabral lands in Brazil and claims Portugal
  • Period: 1500 to


  • 1530

    Martim Afonso de Sousa

    in 1530 an expedition led by Martim Afonso de Sousa arrives at Brazil to get the French out of Brazil so they wouldn't claim it
  • 1549

    Tomt de Sousa

    in 1549 Tome de Sousa sailed to Brazil to establish a government
  • 1550

    Slaves from Africa

    Slaves from Africa come to Brazil.
  • 1555

    French forces takes Rio de Janeiro

    in 1555 French forces occupy Rio de Janeiro harbor. Then two years later Portugal regains control of Rio de Janeiro harbor.
  • The Dutch left Brazil

    They began some sugar production but they were pushed out of Brazil by the portages.
  • Gold in Brazil

    In 1695 gold is discovered in Brazils interior.
  • Period: to


  • Portugal gives up Colonia do Sacramanto

    Portugal gives up Colonia do Sacramento in the treaty of Utrecht (aka Spanish Succession)
  • Coffee in Brazil

    Coffee is introduced to Brazil.
  • Minas Conspiracy Fails

    The Minas Conspiracy Fails. The Minas Conspiracy was a group inspired by the U.S. Revolution. These people wanted to become independent from Portugal, But they failed.
  • France invades Portugal

    France invades Portugal. John VI flees to Brazil with his family including his son Pedro.
  • Brazil becomes part of the Portages Kingdom

    Brazil becomes part of the Portuguese Kingdom called: The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.
  • Pedro I declares independence

    Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal.
  • Pedro writes writes the first Brazilian constitution

    Pedro I writes the first Brazilian constitution.
  • Period: to


  • The War of the triple alliance

    South America's War of the Triple Alliance saw Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay all fight together against Paraguay.
  • Slavery in Brazil

    After the American Civil War some southerners moved to Brazil where the government offered land grants and slavery was still permitted.
  • The end of slavery in Brazil

    On May 13th Slavery was abolished in Brazil. 4 million slaves were imported, the most of any nation in the Western Hemisphere.
  • the end of the monarchy

    In November 15th, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Emperor Dom Pedro ll was overthrown.
  • Statue of Christ

    On October 12th, the Rio de Janeiro 98 foot statue of Christ the Redeemer was unveiled atop Corcovado Mountain.
  • votes for woman

    Brazilian woman win the right to vote.
  • World WarII

    On Aug 22nd, Brazil declared war on the Axis powers.
  • Vargas is deposed

    In 1945, Vargas is deposed by the military in a surprise coup.
  • Vargas elected as president

    In 1950, Vargas is democratically elected as President.
  • Period: to


  • Vargas faces another coup

    In 1954, Vargas faces another coup, instead of facing it he decided to kill himself.
  • from 1763 to 1960

    From 1763 to 1960 Rio de Janeiro was the capital. The capital is now Brasília.
  • slow move to democracy

    There was a slow move to liberal democracy, but in 1964, the military finally pulled off their coup. This opened an era of military dictatorships.
  • civilian government restored

    In 1985, civilian government was restored. this was the beginning of the new Republic.
  • Dilma Rousseff elected

    in 2010, Dilma Rousseff was elected, the first woman in Brazilian history to become president