Important Events and People of the 17th Century

By 13919
  • Period: Dec 13, 1560 to

    Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully

    The Duke of Sully pushed ideas that are now widely supported all over the world. He created a court in France to try embezzlement, encouraged agriculture, and authorized free exportation of grain and wine, which helped the French economy. He also converted Henry IV to Catholicism, which united France.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1561 to

    Francis Bacon

    The Father of empiricism. He came up with the method of inductive reasoning. Bacon also invented the experimental method, which is still taught and used in the scientific field today.
  • Queen Elizabeth I dies and James VI of Scotland becomes king of England

    Queen Elizabeth I dies and James VI of Scotland becomes king of England
    This united the crowns of England and Scotland for the first time. They would later be officially united to create Great Britain.
  • Settlement of Jamestown, Virginia

    Settlement of Jamestown, Virginia
    This was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the US.
  • Galileo discovers rings of Saturn

    Galileo discovers rings of Saturn
    This was an important discovery in the world of astronomy. Using the newly invented telescope, Galileo paved the way for others to search the skies and discover more about the universe around us.
  • King James Version of the Bible is published

    King James Version of the Bible is published
    This was the first published English translation of the Bible. It is still very widely used all over the world.
  • Richelieu becomes French Minister of Foreign Affairs

    Richelieu becomes French Minister of Foreign Affairs
    This had a huge impact on France. During his rule Richelieu raised taxes, censored the press, took power from the nobels, and had a network of spies.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years' War

    Mostly a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics. It gradually involved most European powers, becoming one of the largest wars of the time.
  • Period: to

    Jean Baptiste Colbert

    Colbert was the financial advisor to Louis XIV. He was one of the most important people of the century because he improved the economy of France, established the Chamber of Commerce, and was the Father of Mercantilism. He made many improvements to France during his time in office.
  • The Petition of Rights

    The Petition of Rights
    This is the second pilliar of Constitutionalism, and it stated specific liberties for the subjects that the king could not infringe upon. Part of it is also reflected in the Third Amendment of the US Constitution.
  • Period: to

    John Locke

    Locke was an English philosopher that came up with many of the ideas that were used in the US Constitution, including a representative government and putting a limit on the power of the government. He is also credited with the idea that every man has a right to life, liberty, and property.
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

    Between Parliamentarians and Royalists. Fought over whether the Crown or Parliament should have the most power. Parliamentarians won, causing the execution of Charles I and the exile of his son, Charles II. This also led to Oliver Cromwell coming into power. This helped show that a parliamentary monarchy was really the best for England.
  • Period: to

    Isaac Newton

    Newton was one of the greatest theoretical scientists in history. He discovered the law of gravitation, the three laws of motion, and invented calculus and the reflecting telescope. All of the theories and laws that he came up with are still accepted today.
  • The Great Plague of London

    The Great Plague of London
    Killed almost 20% of London's population. This was the second and last time that the bubonic plague had a major outbreak in Europe.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    The overthrow of King James II of England. Also the first and only time that England had joint monarchs, William of Orange and Mary II of England.