The British - Ashley

  • Two British Settlements

    The two British settlements in what is now Canada were Nova Scotia, which developed only after the building of Halifax as the main British naval port in the West Atlantic in1749, and Newfoundland, which was almost entirely devoted to fishing.
  • 60,000-70,000 French-speaking people

    In 1763 there were about 60,000 to 70,000 French-speaking people, and less than 1,000 British in Quebec.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act of 1774 was intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed.
  • Fighting

    In 1775 fighting broke out between colonists and the British.
  • British Surrendered

    The British finally surrendered to the Americans in 1781.
  • Loyalists Settled in Nova Scotia

    Over 30,000 Loyalists settled in Nova Scotia, many of them in the western part of Nova Scotia, which became a separate colony called New Brunswick in 1784.
  • The Constitutional Act

    The Constitutional Act of 1791 recognized the differences between the two populations in Quebec and split Quebec into two colonies. Lower Canada was the French-speaking region along the St. Lawrence
  • War of 1812

    A threat to the two colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada occurred during the War of 1812.
  • Period: to

    Great Migration

    This period of greatest emigration from Britain, the period from 1815-1850, was known as the Great Migration.
  • Violence broke out

    In November of 1837 violence broke out between the supporters of Papineau and the government.
  • Rebels in Upper Canada plannd an uprising

    In 1837, the rebels in Upper Canada planned an uprising when the regular British troops were sent to Montreal to put down the rebellion in Lower Canada.
  • British Government realizes change is needed

    The British government realized it had to make changes in the governments of the colonies after the 1837 rebellions in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
  • British changed its Trade Polocies

    However, in the mid-1840s, Britain changed its trade policies, and no longer gave preferences to its colonies.
  • Act of Union

    The British Government did not accept all of the recommendations immediately. It separated imperial and colonial powers, and, by the Act of Union of 1841, it united Upper and Lower Canada into one colony called the United Province of Canada.
  • Period: to

    responsible government was also granted to each of the Maritime colonies

    During this period from 1848 to 1855 responsible government was also granted to each of the Maritime colonies, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland.
  • Lord Elgin accepted the decision of the assembly over the Rebellion Losses Bill

    In 1849 Lord Elgin accepted the decision of the assembly over the Rebellion Losses Bill in the face of opposition from the Chateau Clique, and so established the principle of responsible government.
  • Politics after 1849 were very unstable

    Politics after 1849 were very unstable, and politicians in both Canada East and Canada West were looking for a better solution.