Latin America

  • Jan 1, 1494

    More Land

    In the resulting Treaty of Tordesillas,1494, Portugal gained control over the land that became present-day Brazil.
  • Jan 7, 1500

    A new land

    Portuguese founded Brazil in 1500 to 1822.
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Spanish Conquest

    In 1521, Cortés and his soldiers had conquered tha Aztec city, Tenochtitlán.
  • Jan 7, 1532

    Peru Conquest

    Francisco Pizarro invades and conquers the Inca empire in Peru.
  • Chile destroyed

    Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by an earthquake.
  • Problems solved

    Spain and Portugal resolve disputes about colonies in South America.
  • Independence from Spain

    Simón Bolívar leads many countries of South America in their fight for independence from Spain.
  • Mexican Independece

    Mexico declares independence from Spain.
  • U.S. Mexican War

    U.S. Mexican War
    In 1846 the United States and Mexico go to war.
  • U.S. Mexican War Ends

    U.S. Mexican War Ends
    In 1848 the U.S. Mexican War ends wiht the Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • The French Occupation

    French forces occupy Mexico. Maximillian becomes emperor.
  • The French Occupartion

    Benito Juarez defeats the French and liberates Mexico
  • At Peace

    Peace treaty fixes frontier between Argentina and Chile along the ridge of the Andes.
  • New president

    Juan Perón is elected president of Argentina.
  • New Brasilia

    The architect Oscar Niemeyer designed the buildings for the new capital of Brasília, which was built in the interior of Brazil beginning in 1957.
  • Urban places

    In 1960, about 22 percent of the population lived in the cities. By 1995, more than 75 percent of the people lived in cities.
  • Free Elections!

    In 1983, Raúl Alfonsín was elected president of Argentina in that
    nation’s first free election in many years.
  • A Common Market

    Mercosur began operating in the southern cone of South America in 1995.
  • A new leader

    Alberto Fujimori resigns as president of Peru.
  • Catholism

    Brazil has the largest Catholic population in the world.