Timeline of Medieval History

  • 330

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
    Also known as the Eastern Roman Empire it was centered around the capital city of Constantinople. Reached around the Mediterranian Sea. Very advanced in many different fields. Main religion was Orthodox.
  • 500

    Clovis

    Clovis
    Establoshed the Frankish kingdom and was the first Germanic ruler to convert to Christianity.
  • 527

    Emperor Justinian

    Emperor Justinian
    Emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565. Lots of ambition to revive the Byzantine Empire.
  • 570

    The Prophet Muhammad

    The Prophet Muhammad
    Born in Makkah to a merchant family. When he was older he recieved revalations from God. His revaltations were written down and turned into the Quran, the Holy book of Islam. He became the Prophet Muhammad.
  • 573

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    Father-in-law of the prophet Muhammad. He became the first Muslim Caliph after Muhammad died.
  • Jul 21, 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    The journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah. The city was named "The City of the Prophet" after him.
  • Sep 14, 661

    Umayyads

    Mu'awiyah became caliph and established the Umayyad Empire. By 725, controlled most of Spain and converted people to Islam. Also controlled most of North Africa.
  • Sep 14, 661

    Damascus

    Damascus
    Capital of Syria under the Umayyad Empire.
  • Sep 13, 750

    Abassid Dynasty

    Abassid Dynasty
    Capital city of Baghdad, Located on the caravan route to the Mediterranean. Period of prosperity. Trade from Baghdad extended into Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • Sep 14, 750

    Golden Age of Islamic Society

    Golden Age of Islamic Society
    The main power was the Abbisid Empire. Large expansion of land. Many advances in Philosophy, Science, Medicine, Travel, Architecture, and Religion. Ended with the invasion of the Mongols.
  • Sep 14, 750

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
    Capital of Iraq. Under the Abbasids until 1258.
  • Sep 16, 768

    Emperor Charlemagne

    Emperor Charlemagne
    Took the Frankish throne. Was illiterate. He adopted Catholicism and brought it to his Empire. Had the largest Empire the world has ever seen.
  • Sep 16, 814

    Feudalism

    Feudalism
    Came about after the death of Charlemagne. Rulers found it difficult to protect their subjects from invaders like the vikings. New political system was established. Shows the relationship between Kings, lords and the church, knights, and peasants.
  • Sep 17, 962

    Holy Roman Empire

    Holy Roman Empire
    An Empire that that was strongly influenced by Christianity, the Church, and the Pope. Lasted from 962 to 1806. Included Germany, Italy and other parts of central Europe.
  • Sep 14, 1055

    Seljuk Turks

    Seljuk Turks
    The Seljuk Turks were a group of non-native soldiers. They were Nomads from Central Asia. They grew stronger and moved into Iran and Armenia. In 1055 they capturede Baghdad.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    Led an army of heavily armed knights on the coast of England and defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. Then became the King of England.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings
    King Harold was beaten by William of Normandy on the English coast.
  • Mar 12, 1088

    Pope Urban II

    Pope Urban II
    He was Pope from March 12, 1088 to his death in July 29, 1099. He began the First Crusade.
  • Sep 17, 1095

    The Crusades

    The Crusades
    Military expeditions or "Holy Wars" carried out by European Christians in the 11th to 13th centuries. Began when Pope Urban helped the Byzantines fight the Seljuk Turks. Christians planned to take back Jerusalem.
  • Apr 6, 1166

    King John

    King John
    Kind of England from April 6, 1166 to October 19, 1216. Forced to sign the Magna Carta which gave him a set of guidelines on how to rule England better.
  • Sep 17, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    Signed by King John in 1215 in Runnymeade, England. It stated many different rights, liberties and guidelines that King John had to follow to better the English country and government. Began a new era of government for Britian.
  • Sep 14, 1250

    Cairo

    Cairo
    Capital of modern say Egypt. Center of Muslim world during 1250 under the Abbasids.
  • Sep 13, 1258

    The Mongols in the Middle East

    The Mongols in the Middle East
    Under the leadership of Hülegü, the Mongols seized Persia and Mesopotamia. Destroyed the city of Baghdad. Mongol leaders started converting to Islam and kingdoms separated.
  • Sep 17, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    Most devastating natural disaster in European history. A huge plague spread by rats that were infested with fleas. Killed around 30% of the European population.
  • Sep 17, 1480

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition
    Created to regulate Christiananity. Also ordered Muslims and Jews to convert or to leave the land. Began killing people who weren't Christians and wouldn't convert. Huge massacres of Non-Christians.