Islam Time Line by Jeremy Rescott

  • 570

    birth of muhammed

    born in mecca saudi arabia
    to his father abd Allah bin al-muttalib and his mother bint wahb
    his father died before he was born and he was raised by his mother
  • Period: 570 to


  • Mar 5, 610

    muhammed recieves first revelation

    he did not like the traditional idolatry in mecca. so he began taking long retreats to the mountains were he fasted and meditated
    he was viseted by by an overpowering presence and instructed to recite words of such beauty and force that he and others gradually brought them to God.
  • Mar 5, 622

    Muhammad and the Muslims Emigrate to Medina

    Muhammad and his few hundred followers left Mecca and traveled to Yathrib, the oasis town where his father was buried. The leaders there were suffering through a vicious civil war, and they had invited this man well known for his wisdom to act as their mediator. Yathrib soon became known as Medina, the City of the Prophet. Muhammad remained here for the next six years, building the first Muslim community and gradually gathering more and more people to his side
  • Mar 15, 630

    The Conquest of Mecca

    By now, the balance of power had shifted radically away from once-powerful Mecca, toward Muhammad and the Muslims. In January, 630, they marched on Mecca and were joined by many tribes along the way. They entered Mecca without bloodshed and the Meccans joined them.
  • Jun 8, 633

    Muhammad's Final Years

    Muhammad returned to live in Medina. In the next three years, he consolidated most of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam. In March, 633, he returned to Mecca one last time to perform a pilgrimage, and tens of thousands of Muslims joined him.
    After the pilgrimage, he returned to Medina. Three months later on June 8, 632 he died there, after a brief illness. He is buried in the mosque in Medina.
  • Mar 15, 641

    Muslims enter Egypt

    Muslims enter Egypt
    Muslims enter Egypt and rout out the Byzantine army. Muslims consider their conquest as the liberation of subjugated people, since in most instances they were under oppressive rule.
  • Mar 15, 655

    islam begins to spread throught north africa

    islam begins to spread throught north africa
    arab armies carried islam to north africa. An couqered many places.
  • Mar 15, 661

    Imam Ali is killed

    Imam Ali is killed
    this brought an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs": Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule.
  • Mar 15, 711

    Muslims enter Spain

    Muslims enter Spain
    Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula ibecomes under Islamic control.
  • Mar 15, 732

    musslims are defeted

    Musslims are defeted. they are defeted by Potiers in France by Charles Martel
  • Mar 15, 750

    The Umayyad dynasty falls

    Abbasids captures Damascus which ends Umayyad rule.
  • Mar 15, 1099

    muslims vs. Crusaders

    European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims. Eventually Muslims defeat the Crusaders and regain control of the holy land.
  • Mar 15, 1100

    Reconquista Takes Spain

    Reconquista Takes Spain
    Reconquista takes somw of Spain, Sicily falls into Norman control,Crusaders are formed in Palestine, and Syria
  • Mar 16, 1100

    Ghana Under Muslim Control

    Ghana Under Muslim Control
    Ghana dominates trade routesAlmoraud's conquer Kumbi -
  • Mar 15, 1120

    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia

    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia
    Malaysian traders interact with Muslims who teach them about Islam.
  • Mar 16, 1200

    End of Ghana's Trading Empire

    End of Ghana's Trading Empire
    this was when Ghana was weakened from under Muslim control.
  • Mar 16, 1206

    The Delhi sultanate

    The Delhi sultanate lasted until 1526 wich marked the start of Muslim rule in northern India.
  • Mar 15, 1299

    Ottoman state formed

    The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Mar 16, 1300

    Osman leads the way

    Osman leads the way
    To help win a major battle, Osman leads his troops and displaces the Seljuk Turks. He becomes the leader of the new Ottoman dynasty.
  • Mar 16, 1398

    Tamerlane Invades

    amerlane broke into Delhi. Thousands of artisans were enslaved to build his capital at Samarkland. Delhi slowly recovered but the sultans no longer controlled the empire.
  • Mar 15, 1453

    ottomans gain control of constantinople

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.
  • Mar 16, 1453

    the end of the byzantine empire

    the end of the byzantine empire
    Mehmed II attacks constantinople. He uses siege guns and bombards the walls for eight weeks. Heavy fighting continues, but the Byzantine capital is defeated when Emperor Constantine XI dies in battle
  • Mar 15, 1500

    The Safvid Empire is Formed

    The Safvid Empire is Formed
    The dynasty unites a strong empire in present day IRan. They were between 2 strong empire and were in war constanltly.
  • Mar 15, 1514

    battle of Chaldriran

    battle of Chaldriran
    Ottomans attack the safvid empire and war begins in the Battle of Chaldiran west of Tabriz.
  • Mar 16, 1520

    Suleyman 1

    Suleyman 1
    one of the most powerful leaders of the empire is Suleyman I, known as Suleyman the Magnificent. He conquers parts of western Asia and southeast Europe in his desire to convert people to Islam. The Ottoman Empire reaches its peak under his rule.
  • Mar 15, 1526

    Turkish and Mongol invaders invade India

    Babur leads the charge and defeats the sultan Ibrahim. He then conquers India.
  • Mar 16, 1526

    Turkish and Mongol Invaders

    Turkish and Mongol Invaders
    The invaders came through the mountain passes in India. Babur rode at the head. He was a military genius, poet and an author.
  • Mar 15, 1529

    Attack on Vienna

    Even though Suleiman failes to capture Vienna the rest of Western Europe is frightened.
  • Mar 15, 1555

    ottomans and safvid

    Ottomans and Safavid declared peace
  • Mar 16, 1556

    Akbar the Great's reign

    Akbar the Great's reign
    Akbar ruled from 1556 to 1605 and he created a strong central government. Eventually, he earned the title Abkar the Great. He was a Muslim.
  • Mar 16, 1566

    Decline of the ottoman

    after Suleyman I's death, his son Selim II rules. He is not as good as his father. He never goes to fight battles and his government is unstable. During his reign the Turkish fleet is smashed at the Battle of Lepanto in Greece.
  • saha Abbas

    saha Abbas
    the beging of the reign of saha abbas begins when he is 16 years old.
  • the end of the safvid

    the end of the safvid
    The safvid is invaded and taken over by afghans. the safvid empire collapsed.
  • Muslims enter north of Arabia

    Muslims enter north of Arabia
    Muslims enter the area north of Arabia, known as "Sham," including Syria , Palestine , Lebanon and Iraq .
  • A musslim priest killed

    Perfectus, a Christian priest in Muslim Cordova, is executed after he refuses to retract numerous insults he made about the Prophet Muhammed.