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Islamic Empires-Lindley

  • 570

    Muhammad is born

    Muhammad is born
    Muhammad is born in Mecca. He comes from a noble family and is well-known for his honesty and upright character. He was born i a low-level merchant and worked his way up with his honesty and upright character
  • Period: 570 to

    Islamic Empire

  • Jan 1, 610

    Angel Gabriel visits Muhammad

    Angel Gabriel visits Muhammad
    In 610 C.E. Muhammad, who at the time was 40 years of age, was visited by the angel Gabriel. At the cave where he is visited, he is told by the angel that he is God's and the first words of the Quran. He relays these words to Muslims and tell them to worship this one God but people then began to persecute him and his followers
  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammad travels to Medina

    Muhammad travels to Medina
    After Being tortured in Mecca, Muhammad travels to Medina with his followers where most people there accepted the religion and converted. Muhammad also established laws there based on the Quran and later on invited other tribes to the Islamic culture.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Muhammad Returns

    Muhammad Returns
    After Muhammad gains followers in Medina, they all return back to Mecca with an accepting mindset and eventually convinces all of the citizens to accept Islamis faith. He then changes the whole city so that it can be dedicated to one God.
  • Jan 1, 633

    Muhammad dies

    Muhammad dies
    After a prolonged illness, Muhammad passes away. As a result, The Muslim community elected Abu Bakr, his father-in-law, as the new caliph.
  • Jan 1, 638

    Muslims Expand

    In 638, Muslims enter the area north of Arabia, known as "Sham," including Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Iraq.
  • Jan 1, 641

    Muslims Moving

    Muslims move into Egypt and conquer the Byzantine army. They also considered moving in further to the people of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jan 1, 655

    Islam Spreads

    Islam Spreads
    During 655, Islam begins to spread specifically throughout North Africa.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Imam Ali is Killed

    Imam Ali is Killed
    In 661, Imam Ali is killed, bringing to an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs": Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule
  • Jan 1, 711

    Muslims Expanding

    In 711, the Muslims moved into Spain in the west and India in the east. Islamic control at this point controlled almost all of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Muslims Defeated

    Muslims Defeated
    In 732, Muslims are defeated at Potiers in France by Charles Martel.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Baghdad Gains Power

    Baghdad Gains Power
    In 750, the Umayyads were taken over by the Abbasids. As a result, the power then shifts to Baghdad.
  • Jan 1, 786

    Harun al-Rashid

    Harun al-Rashid
    Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. Harun al-Rashid was also the fifth Caliph
  • Jan 1, 850

    Perfectus is Executed

    Perfectus is Executed
    Perfectus, who is a Christian priest, was executed after he refuses to take back insults he said toward the prophet Muhammad. Numerous other priests, monks, and laity would follow as Christians became caught up in a zest for martyrdom.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islam Spreads Even More

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islam Spreads Even More
    Islam spreaded through the continent of Africa in 1000, including Nigeria, which served as a trading central between northern and central Africa.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Jerusalem is Captured

    Jerusalem is Captured
    In 1095, European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims. Eventually Muslims defeat the Crusaders and regain control of the holy land.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islamic Rule is Weakened

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islamic Rule is Weakened
    In 1100, the Islamic rule was weakended due to the struggles among Islamic rulers and Christion crusades.
  • Jan 1, 1120

    Islam Continues to Spread

    Islam Continues to Spread
    In 1120, Islam continued to spread throughout Asia. In addition, Malaysian traders came in contact with Muslims who taught them about Islam and their culture,
  • Jan 1, 1206

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Genghiz Khan Becomes Ruler

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Genghiz Khan Becomes Ruler
    In 1206, Genghis Khan was proclaimed ruler of all Mongols. The empire grew rapidly under his rule and then under the rule of his descendants, who sent invasions in every direction.
  • Jan 1, 1299

    Ottoman State is Formed

    In 1299, The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    OTTOMAN- Ottoman's Capture

    OTTOMAN- Ottoman's Capture
    The 1300's were the years that the Ottoman Empire chose to start capturing. During these years they captured Bursa and Iznik and also moved into Europe. Later on the empire took control of the Balkans.
  • Jan 1, 1398

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Timur's Armies

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Timur's Armies
    Timur's armies were feared throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe, sizable parts of which were laid waste by his campaigns. Scholars estimate that his military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottomans Conquer and Rename

    Ottomans Conquer and Rename
    In 1453, the Ottomans conquer Constantinople, seat of the Ottoman Empire, and rename the city Istanbul.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    SAFAVID- Adopt Part of Islam

    SAFAVID- Adopt Part of Islam
    By 1500 the Safavids had adopted the Shi'a branch of Islam and were eager to advance Shi'ism by military means.They had great devotion for their leader as a religious leader and perfect guide as well as a military chieftain, and they viewed their leaders position as rightly passed from father to son.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    OTTOMAN- Suleiman the Magnificent

    OTTOMAN- Suleiman the Magnificent
    From 1520 to 1566, Suleiman the Magnificant personaly led Ottoman armies in conquering the Christian states of Belgrade, Rhodes, as well as most of Hungary. He also helped the Ottoman Empire reach its Golden Age with their artistic, literary, and architectural advancements.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Babur's Victory

    Babur's victory at Panipat in 1526 established the Mughal Empire and ended the reign of the Delhi Sultanate.
  • Jan 1, 1529

    OTTOMAN- Siege of Vienna

    1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. This siege marked the maximum expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1556

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- The Reign of Akbar

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- The Reign of Akbar
    Akbar was an ambitious and noble commander who built the largest army ever in the history of the Mughal empire. He also encouraged contact between Muslims and Hindus in society.
  • SAFAVID- Shah Abbas l

    SAFAVID- Shah Abbas l
    From 1588 to 1629 Shah Abbas l was king of the Safavid dynasty in Persia. Shah Abbas strengthened the Safavid dynasty and also promoted commerce and the arts, so that Persian artistic achievement reached a high point during his reign.
  • OTTOMAN- Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab Rejects Sufism

    OTTOMAN- Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab Rejects Sufism
    In the 1700's, Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab rejects Sufism and all innovation. Founds what becomes the Saudi Arabian kingdom. Hindus regain power from Mughals in northern India.
  • SAFAVID- Dynasty Collapsed

    SAFAVID- Dynasty Collapsed
    In 1722, the Safavid Dynasty was invaded and taken over by the afhgans. The Afghan Shahs controlled the state and foreign policy, and could levy taxes and make secular laws.
  • MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Indian Rebellion

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA-  Indian Rebellion
    In 1857, a rebellion that began as a small mutiny led to many more mutinys which eventually led to a serioues threat to companys in regions that contained fighting.