Islamicempoijrea

Islamic Empires

  • 570

    Muhammad was born

    Muhammad was born
    Muhammad was born in the pimgrimage city of Mecca. His father died when he was born and his mother died when he was only 6 years old. The orphan was then taken care of by his grandfather and when his grandfather died 2 years later, his uncle Abu Talib took care of him. Muhammad was a part of the Banu Hashim clan, which was led by his uncle.
  • Period: 570 to

    Islamic Empires

  • Mar 5, 610

    Muhammad is visited by angel Gabriel

    Muhammad is visited by angel Gabriel
    Muhammad is visited in a cave in mount Hira by the angel gabriel. He is told that he is a prophet of God and begins his career as a prophet.
  • Mar 5, 622

    Muhammad and the muslims migrate from mecca to medina

    Muhammad and the muslims migrate from mecca to medina
    Mohammad was informed by Allah that he must go to Medina with his followers or else the others in Arabia who didn't listen to his message would torture and kill him. This is when he started his Hijra (journey).
  • Mar 5, 630

    Muhammad comes back to Mecca

    Muhammad comes back to Mecca
    Once Muhammad developed a big army in Medina, he came back to Mecca to gain back the power of the city and wanted unite all the Arabian tribes under one religion. That is when Islam boomed.
  • Mar 5, 633

    Muhammad died

    Muhammad died
    Muhammad died and there was some unrest in Arabia. After he died, no one knew who the next Kalif would be. The next Caliph was then chosen to be Abu Bakr
  • Mar 16, 638

    Conquests Syria and the fall of Jerusalem

    Conquests Syria and the fall of Jerusalem
    The Islamic Empire grew stronger and it marched in and took over Syria and Jerusalem. Jerusalem then became a holy sight by Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.
  • Mar 16, 641

    The Persian Empire was taken by Islam

    The Persian Empire was taken by Islam
    The Persian Empire was defeated at Nihavand in 641 AD, and Alexandria. Islamic empires used superior military techniques and their use of horses and camels.
  • Mar 16, 655

    Assassination of Uthman, the 3rd Caliph

    Assassination of Uthman, the 3rd Caliph
    Uthman is assassinated, and under his reign Islam grew tremendously. Ali ibn Abi Talib becomes the next (4th) caliph.
  • Mar 16, 661

    Ali ibn Abi Talib is murdered

    Ali ibn Abi Talib is murdered
    Ali is murdered; and Mu'awiya becomes caliph. This was the beginning of Umayyad Dynasty which lasted from 661-750.
  • Mar 16, 700

    Conquest and conversion of Berber tribes in North Africa

    Conquest and conversion of Berber tribes in North Africa
    Much of the early Berber tribes practiced Christianity and Judaism, until the Muslims conquered their land and they converted to Islam.
  • Mar 16, 711

    Arab armies enter Spain and India

    Arab armies enter Spain and India
    Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is under Islamic control.
  • Mar 16, 732

    Battle of Tours, France

    Battle of Tours, France
    Muslim empire reaches its furthest extent when Battle of Tours prevents further advance northward.
  • Mar 16, 750

    Abu l'Abbas becomes caliph in Iraq

    Abu l'Abbas becomes caliph in Iraq
    The Abbassids capture Damascus, which ends the Umayyad rule in Syria. Abu I'Abbas becomes the new caliph in Iraq and founds the Abbassid Dynasty.
  • Mar 16, 786

    Reign of Harun ar-Rashid

    Reign of Harun ar-Rashid
    Harun ar-Rashid reigns from 786 to 809. He is best known through the stories of The Thousand and One Nights.
  • Mar 16, 1000

    Muslim Turks and Afghans pushed into India

    Muslim Turks and Afghans pushed into India
    Islam continues to spread through the continent of Africa, including Nigeria, which served as a trading liaison between the northern and central regions of Africa.
  • Mar 16, 1095

    Christian Crusaders attempt to take Jerusalem.

    Christian Crusaders attempt to take Jerusalem.
    Pope Urban II preaches to Christians that their faith is being attacked,and they must fight Islam and capture the Holy City (Jerusalem). He summons the First Crusade.
  • Mar 16, 1099

    Christian Crusaders capture Jerusalem

    Christian Crusaders capture Jerusalem
    After the fight for Jerusalem, the Christians win the battle against the Muslims and it is the end of the first crusade.
  • Mar 16, 1100

    The Sultan of Ghur defeated Hindu armies across the northern plain

    The Sultan of Ghur defeated Hindu armies across the northern plain
    After defeating armies across the northern plain, he made delhi his capital. His successors organized a sultanate, which marked the start of Muslim rule in northern India
  • Mar 16, 1120

    Islam continually grows

    Islam continually grows
    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia. Malaysian traders interact with Muslims who teach them about Islam.
  • Mar 16, 1206

    The Delhi Sultanate was created

    The Delhi Sultanate was created
    The delhi sultanate was created and marked the start of Muslim rule in India.
  • Mar 16, 1299

    The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey

    The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey
    This state was formed as the first state of the Ottoman Empire. This led to the growth of the empire and the extension of their rule.
  • Mar 17, 1300

    Expanded across Asia Minor

    Expanded across Asia Minor
    Expanded across Asia minor into southeastern Asia Minor. They established a capital in the Balkan Peninsula.
  • Mar 16, 1398

    Tamerlane invaded India

    Tamerlane invaded India
    He plundered the northern plain and smashed into Delhi. Thousands of artisans were enslaved to build Tamerlane's capital at Samarkand.
  • Mar 16, 1453

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople

    Ottomans conquer Constantinople
    The two halves of the Ottoman Empire are united, while Constantinople becomes the new Ottonman capital. This causes the Byzantine Empire to end, and the name is changed to Istanbul.
  • Mar 17, 1453

    Muhammad captured Constantinople

    After many failed attempts, Constantinople was finally captured and it continued to expand over the next 200 years.
  • Mar 17, 1453

    Muhammad II caputred Constantinople

    Muhammad II caputred Constantinople
    After many attempts, Constantinople was finally captured. The Ottoman empire then reigned on for anothe 200 years.
  • Mar 17, 1500

    Safavid Dynasty united a strong empire in Persia

    Safavid Dynasty united a strong empire in Persia
    Safavids engaged in frequent warfare, and religion played a major role in the conflict.
  • Mar 17, 1520

    Sulieman gave Ottoman Empire Golden Age

    Sulieman gave Ottoman Empire Golden Age
    Suliman was a brilliant general who modernized the army and conquered many new lands.
  • Mar 16, 1526

    Turkish and Mongol invaders poured into the mountain passes in India again

    Turkish and Mongol invaders poured into the mountain passes in India again
    Babur was at the head, who claimed descent from Genghiz Khan and Tamerlane. He was a military genius, poet, and author of a fascinating book of memoirs.
  • Mar 17, 1529

    Armies besieged the Austrian city of Vienna

    Armies besieged the Austrian city of Vienna
    This sent waves of fear into Western Europe. Ottomans still ruled powerful empire.
  • Mar 16, 1556

    The reign of Akbar

    The reign of Akbar
    From 1556-1605 Akbar, Babur's grandson, created a strong central government. This earned him the title "Akbar the Great" and he had many unusual abilities.
  • Abbas the Great centralized the Government

    Abbas the Great centralized the Government
    From 1588-1629, Abbas created strong military and government. He used a powerful mixture of force and diplomacy against the Ottomans.
  • Sunni Afgans defeated imperial armies

    Sunni Afgans defeated  imperial armies
    They captured Isfahan. They also forced the last Safavid ruler to abdicate in 1722.
  • Indian Rebellion

    Indian Rebellion
    Sepoy Rebellion against English East India Company rule sweeps northern India.