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Islam

  • 570

    Muhummad Is Born

    Muhummad Is Born
    Born in Mecca in 570. He was orphaned at an early age by his grandparents. He worked to become a successful merchant. He would later start the religion of Islam.
  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhummad's First Revelation

    Muhummad's First Revelation
    Muhammad often went to a lonely desert cave to pray and meditate. When he was about 40 years old, he was spiritually visited by God through the Agel Gabriel.
  • Jan 1, 622

    Migration To Medina

    Migration To Medina
    Faced with death threats and hate, Muhummad and his followers left Mecca for Medina.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Muhummad Wins Control Of Mecca

    Muhummad Wins Control Of Mecca
    Muhummad and his followers return to Mecca and defeat the Meccans in battle. Muhummad returns in triumph and destroys the idols in the Kaaba.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Death Of Muhummad

    Death Of Muhummad
    Muhummad's death plunged his followers into grief.
  • Jan 1, 632

    The First Caliph

    The First Caliph
    Abu Baker becomes the first Caliph, a succesor to Muhummad.
  • Jan 1, 634

    Death of Abu Baker

    Death of Abu Baker
    Abu Baker,the first Caliph, is dead.
  • Jan 1, 638

    Fall of Jerusalem

    Fall of Jerusalem
    Jerusalem falls to the Rashidun army,
  • Jan 1, 641

    Conquests of Persia

    Conquests of Persia
    Arabain armies rapidly demolish the Persians.
  • Jan 1, 653

    Establishment of the Quran

    Establishment of the Quran
    Caliph Uthman authorizes collection and official establishment of the text of the Quran.
  • Jan 1, 655

    Death of Uthman

    Death of Uthman
    Uthman, the third caliph, is assasinated.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Death of Ali

    Death of Ali
    Imam Ali is killed, bringing an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs": Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule.
  • Jan 1, 711

    Spread through India and Spain

    Spread through India and Spain
    Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is under Islamic control.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Further Spread

    Further Spread
    Muslim empire reaches its furthes extent. Battle of Tours prevents further advance northwards.
  • Jan 1, 747

    End of Umayyad Rule

    End of Umayyad Rule
    Revolt defeats the Umayyads. This marks the end of Umayyad rule and will lead way to the rule of the Abassids.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abassid Rule

    Abassid Rule
    Abu al-Abbas becomes the first Abbasid Khalifa.
  • Jan 1, 754

    Bahgdad Becomes Capital

    Bahgdad Becomes Capital
    Abbasid rule is shifted into Baghdad.
  • Period: Jan 1, 786 to Jan 1, 809

    Golden Age

    Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. Islamic art and Islamic music also flourished significantly during his reign.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1099

    The First Crusade

    Pope Urban II preaches to Christians that their faith is being attacked and they must fight Islam and capture the Holy City. He summons the First Crusade.Jerusalem is seized by the Crusaders. They massacre all Muslims, Jews and Christians of the city.
  • Jan 1, 1120

    Spread Through Asia

    Spread Through Asia
    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia. Malaysian traders interact with Muslims who teach them about Islam.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1145 to Jan 1, 1149

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III.. The crusade in the east was a failure for the crusaders and a great victory for the Muslims. It would have a key influence on the fall of Jerusalem and give rise to the Third Crusade at the end of the 12th century.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Delhi Sultanate

    Delhi Sultanate
    Ghurids establish the Delhi Sultanate in India
  • Jan 1, 1299

    Ottoman Empire Begins

    Ottoman Empire Begins
    The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey.
  • Jan 1, 1326

    A New Capitol

    A New Capitol
    Osman and his troops lay siege to the city of Bursa in northwest Turkey. When the city falls, Bursa is made into the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottomans Take Constantinople

    Ottomans Take Constantinople
    Ottomans conquer the Byzantine state of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Establishment of the Safavid Dynasty

    Establishment of the Safavid Dynasty
    Ismail seizes Tabriz and establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia. Shi'ism is established as the state religion.
  • Jan 1, 1514

    The Battle of Chaldiran

    The Battle of Chaldiran
    The Ottomans defeat the Safavids and gain eastern Anatolia, thus allowing Ottoman expansion and halting Safavid advance.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1520 to Jan 1, 1566

    Suleiman the Magnificent And The Ottoman Golden Age

    Suleiman personally instituted major legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law.He over saw the Golden age of the Ottoman Empire in its artistic, literary and architectural development
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Fall of Delhi Sultanate

    Fall of Delhi Sultanate
    Babur (Mongolian) seizes the Delhi sultanate and takes control of northern India.
  • Jan 1, 1529

    Ottomans Attack Vienna

    Ottomans Attack Vienna
    Ottomans lift first siege of Vienna and retreat.
  • Jan 1, 1543

    Ottomans take Hungary

    Ottomans take Hungary
    Hungary is conquered by the Ottomans.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1556 to

    Rule of Akbar

    Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance.
  • Period: to

    Abbas The Great

    He reduced the influence of the Qizilbash in the government and the military and reformed the army, enabling him to fight the Ottomans and Uzbeks and reconquer Iran's lost provinces. He also took back land from the Portuguese and the Mughals. Abbas was a great builder and moved his kingdom's capital from Qazvin to Isfahan
  • Safavid rule in Iran Ends

    Safavid rule in Iran Ends
    Safavid rule in Iran effectively ended by Afghan invasion.
  • Sepoy Rebellion

    Sepoy Rebellion
    Sepoy Rebellion against English East India Company rule sweeps northern India