World and compass 4930

The Islamic World Timeline

  • Jan 1, 623

    Islamic Expansions

    Islamic Expansions
  • Jan 1, 627

    Prophet Muhammed

    Prophet Muhammed
    Muhammad is the central figure of Islam and widely regarded as its founder by non-Muslims. He is known as the "Holy Prophet" to Muslims, almost all of whom consider him to be the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam, believed by Muslims to be the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Spread of Islam

    Spread of Islam
    Spread of Islam occured under prophet muhammed. He went within different tribes and preached them personally. He hired many other people who preached and travelled with him in his caravan. He and his companions went accross the midlle east and preached. After his death, the 4 righly guided caliphs took over, and spreaded islam by campaigns.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Death of prophet muhammed

    Death of prophet muhammed
    Prophet Muhammed died on 8th june 632. The 4 rightly guided Caliphs took over him. The people continued to spread the message of Islam by campaigns.
  • Jun 9, 632

    The 4 Righly Guided Caliphs

    The 4 Righly Guided Caliphs
    1.These 4 Caliphs took over prophet muhammed after his death.
    2.They kept spreading Islam around the area like the Prophet.
    3.Many religious and and Economic growths took place during these periods.
    4.Many military campaigns took place during this time.
    5.Shia group was formed during this period of reign. Image : The Painting of the 4 Caliphs
  • Jan 1, 644

    Trading in Islamic states

    Trading in Islamic states
    Trading enhanced in islamic states when the caliphs took over. Under their influence many new products to be invented. These items were traded with empires around the middle east.
  • Jan 1, 661

    The Umayyads

    The Umayyads
  • Jan 1, 661

    Capital Moves to Dmascus

    Capital Moves to Dmascus
    Mu’awiya, the abassid ruler, emphasized the latter, moved his capital to Damascus in 661 and began to reform the new empire’s administration. Mu’awiya modeled his government’s organization on that of the Byzantine Empire, which had recently ruled the region, even going so far as to hire Christian administrators.
  • Jan 1, 680

    Hussein is Assasinated

    Hussein is Assasinated
    As Hussein, the heir of Yazed, traveled with his family and entourage toward the Iraqi city of Kufa, Yazid’s troops stopped the travelers and demanded that Hussein take an oath of loyalty to Yazid and the Umayyad Dynasty. When Hussein refused to submit, Yazid’s general ordered his soldiers to attack, slaughtering women and children as well as Hussein.
  • Dec 6, 696

    Coins are Being Used

    Coins are Being Used
    By standardizing financial weights and measures, Abd al-Malik ensured that trade would flow smoothly across his vast lands. Abd al-Malik made another significant change when he ended the practice of featuring the ruler’s image on coins, and instead used only text, notably verses from the Qu’ran.
  • Jan 1, 732

    The Battle of Tours

    The Battle of Tours
    The Umayyad expansion into Europe was stopped in the west by Charles Martel and his Frankish forces at the Battle of Tours in 732. Umayyad dominance in the east was challenged by a rising faction, the Abbasids, who joined others opposing the empire’s secular emphasis.
    Image : A map of the Battle of Tours
  • Jan 1, 750

    Reign of Abassids

    Reign of Abassids
    The Abbasids brought down the Umayyads in 750 and sought to kill as many Umayyad family members as possible to avoid its later resurgence. One famous Umayyad who escaped was Abd al Rahman. He fled westward, finally making it to his family’s distant territory in Spain, where he established a western Umayyad dynasty that lasted another three hundred years.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Muslim Empire : Spain

    Muslim Empire : Spain
    Muslim Spain (750-1492)
    1. Cordoba established as Abd al Rahman’s capital
    2. Construction began on the Great Mosque of Cordoba
    3. Death of Maimonides
    4. Completion of the Alhambra Palace in Granada
    5. End of Muslim rule in Spain
  • Jan 2, 750

    The Rule of the Abbasids

    The Rule of the Abbasids
  • Jan 8, 750

    Abbasids take control of the Umayyads

    Abbasids take control of the Umayyads
    In the 740s, a Persian-Arab coalition from Khorasan, in eastern Iran, challenged the Umayyad dynasty and by 750, seized power over Muslim lands. The Umayyads had been based in Syria and were influenced by its Byzantine architecture and administration. In contrast, the Abbasids moved the capital to Baghdad in 762
  • Jan 1, 753

    Capital Changed to Baghdad

    Capital Changed to Baghdad
    The Abbasids moved the capital to Baghdad in 762 and, although the leaders were Arab, administrators and cultural influence were primarily Persian. This eastward shift allowed some independent dynasties to form in the west, such as the Spanish Umayyad and later the Egyptian Fatimids.
    Image : The round city of Baghdad "illustration"
  • Jan 1, 755

    New Capital at Cordoba

    New Capital at Cordoba
    Abd al-Rahman made his way to Spain within five years, mustered support of the Umayyad governors and generals still in the region, and established a capital in the city of Cordoba in 755.
  • Jan 1, 785

    The great Mosque of Cordoba

    The great Mosque of Cordoba
    During his reign, Abd al-Rahman gave most power to Arab Umayyads, enforced Islam as the official religion, and around 785 began construction on the Great Mosque of Cordoba. This mosque, known in Spanish as La Mezquita, would become the architectural centerpiece of the capital, and of the kingdom. One of the building’s most distinctive features is the prayer hall. Its high ceiling is supported by a forest of columns and arcades, decorated in red and white.
  • Jan 1, 1055

    Seljuq Turks take control of Cordoba

    Seljuq Turks take control of Cordoba
    In 1055, Seljuq Turkmen who had gradually moved into Abbasid territory, took control of Baghdad. Their leader, Tugrul Bey, forced the Abbasid caliph to name him sultan. From that point, the empire was ruled in name by the Abbasids, but in practice by the Seljuq. The Seljuq expanded westward, defeating the Byzantines in Turkey and even taking control of Jerusalem.
    Image: Illustration of the war in Cordoba
  • Jan 1, 1096

    The CRUSADES

    The CRUSADES
    The Seljuq expanded westward, defeating the Byzantines in Turkey and even taking control of Jerusalem. These challenges to Christian rule led the pope to call the first crusade in 1096. Christian knights seized and held Jerusalem until 1187, when the city was retaken by the great Muslim general, Saladin. Europeans maintained a presence in the region until the Crusades ended in 1204 and in spite of the conflict.
    Image : Illustration of a Christian Soldier
  • Jan 1, 1204

    Moses Maimonides dies

    Moses Maimonides dies
    Moses Maimonides was a brilliant doctor, rabbi and philosopher. He lived in Spain and North Africa, and finally died in Egypt in 1204. The greatest architectural achievement of this later period is the Alhambra, a palace in Granada, begun in the 11th century, but fully decorated and completed in the 14th century
  • Jan 1, 1258

    The Invasion of the Mongols

    The Invasion of the Mongols
    The creativity that had flowed from Baghdad for four centuries came to a crashing halt in 1258, when the Mongol invasion reached Mesopotamia. The conquerors destroyed the city of Baghdad, burning its palaces and its houses of learning. Although the Mongols would eventually convert to Islam and foster their own cultural achievements, the golden age of the Abbasid dynasty had come to a close.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Alhmabra in Granada is Completed

    Alhmabra in Granada is Completed
    The Alhambra, the complete Arabic form of which was Qalat Al-Hamra, is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain made by the great architect Moses Maimonides.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Muslim Spain ends

    Muslim Spain ends
    The Reconquista is the period of history of the Iberian Peninsula spanning approximately 770 years between the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 710 and the fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492. The Reconquista ended immediately before the European re-discovery of the Americas—the "New World"—which ushered in the era of the Portuguese and Spanish colonial empires.