Birth of Muhammad, he was born in mecca. He comes from a well known family for his great personality.
Period: 570 to
Jan 1, 610
Muhammad visited by Gabriel
At the age of 40 Muhamad was visted by the angel Gabriel in Mecca. The angel tells him that he is gods prophet. Later he is told to call his people to worship one god. But they react in a negative way and try to persacute him and his followers
Jan 1, 622
Start of Medina
Muhammad and his followers travel to Medina. This marks the hijrah and begining of the islamic calendar. Muhammad established laws in the Quran.
Jan 1, 630
Return to Mecca
Muhammad returns to Mecca with large number of followers. All the citizens accept Islam. The Prophet clears images out of the Kaaba so people can be dedicated to one god.
Jan 1, 633
Death of Muhammad
Muhammad dies after a terrible illness. The Muslim community chooses his father-in-law and close friend, Abu Bakr, as caliph, or successor.
Jan 1, 641
Muslims enter Egypt and rout the Byzantine Army. They consider it as the liberation of people.
(Byzantine Army Armor)
Jan 1, 655
Spread of Islam
Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa.
Jan 1, 661
Death of Imam Ali
Imam Ali is killed. The death of Ali brought an end to the four caliphs known as Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule.
(Picture of Imam Ali)
Jan 1, 711
Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is under Islamic control.
(Topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula)
Jan 1, 732
Defeat of Muslim
Muslims are defeated at Potiers in France by Charles Martel
(Defeat of Muslims)
Jan 1, 750
Abbasids take over
The Abbasids take over rule from the Umayyads, which put the power in the hands of Baghdad.
(Abbasids taking over)
Jan 1, 1000
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Continue to Spread
Islam continues to spread through the continent of Africa, including Nigeria, which acted as a trading spot between north and central regions of Africa
Jan 1, 1099
Muslims defeat Crusaders
European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims. Eventually Muslims defeat the Crusaders and regain control of the holy land.
(The First Crusade)
Jan 1, 1100
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islamic rule is weakened
Islamic rule is weakened because of power struggles among Islamic leaders and the Christian crusades.
Jan 1, 1120
Continuation of the Spread of Islam
Islam continues to spread throughout Asia. Malaysian traders get in touch with Muslims who teach them about Islam.
(Spread of Islam in Asia)
Jan 1, 1206
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan was proclaimed ruler of all Mongols in 1206. The empire grew rapidly under his rule and then under the rule of his descendants, who sent invasions in every direction
Jan 1, 1299
Ottaman state is formed
The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey.
Jan 1, 1300
OTTOMAN- Capture of Constantinople
Ottomans continued the successful expansion of their empire throughout the 16th century, most importantly with their capture of Constantinople from the Byzantines in 1453.
Jan 1, 1398
MUSLIMS IN INDIA-Timur Conquers India, Syria, and Turkey:
Timur's army of 90,000 crossed the Indus River in September, 1398 and set upon India. The country had fallen to pieces after the death of Shah.
Jan 1, 1453
Ottomans conquer the Byzantine part of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.
Jan 1, 1500
SAFAVID- Safavid Dynasty
It was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Persia (modern Iran), and is often considered the beginning of modern Persian history
Jan 1, 1526
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Mughal Empire
Babur's victory at Panipat in 1526 established the Mughal Empire and ended the reign of the Delhi Sultanate.
Jan 1, 1529
OTTOMAN- The Siege of Vienna
The Siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. It really proved how powerful the Ottoman Empire was.
Jan 1, 1540
OTTOMAN- 1520-1566 Sulaiman the Magnificent
Sulaiman was called the Magnificent by the Europeans and the Lawgiver by his own people. His empire reached from Hungary to Egypt, Algeria to Mesopotamia.
SAFAVID- 1588 to 1629
The greatest of the Safavid monarchs, Shah Abbas I (1587–1629) came to power in 1587 aged 16. First he sued for peace in 1590 with the Ottomans giving away territory in the north-west.
OTTOMAN- Treaty of Constantinople
The Treaty of Constantinople or Istanbul was signed on 13 July 1700 between the Tsardom of Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
(Picture of Tsar Peter the Great)
SAFAVID- Collapse of Safavid Dynasty
In 1722, an Afghan army led by Mir Wais' son Mahmud advanced on the empire and defeated the government forces at the Battle of Gulnabad. He then surounded the capital of Isfahan, until Shah Sultan Husayn responsibly acknowledged him as the new king of Persia.
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Sepoy Rebellion
The Sepoy Rebellion breaks out in India at the battle of Cawnpore, Indian cavalry charges a British line
MUSLIMS IN INDIA- 1556-1605
The Reign of Akbar- Akbar was a noble commander who built the largest army ever in the history of the Mughal empire.
Muslims in Arabia
Muslims enter Arabia, Syria, Palestine, and Iraq
(Picture of Arabia)
786 to 809 5th Caliph
Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. City of Baghdad became a center of knowledge, culture and trade
Perfectus is executed
Perfectus, a Christian priest in Muslim Cordova, is executed after he refuses to admit he insulted the Prophet Muhammed.
(Execution of Perfectus)