Islam emblem

Islam Kevin Cryer-Hassett

  • 570

    Muhammad

    Muhammad
    Birth of Muhammad, he was born in mecca. He comes from a well known family for his great personality.
  • Period: 570 to

    Islam

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad visited by Gabriel

    At the age of 40 Muhamad was visted by the angel Gabriel in Mecca. The angel tells him that he is gods prophet. Later he is told to call his people to worship one god. But they react in a negative way and try to persacute him and his followers
  • Jan 1, 622

    Start of Medina

    Start of Medina
    Muhammad and his followers travel to Medina. This marks the hijrah and begining of the islamic calendar. Muhammad established laws in the Quran.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Return to Mecca

    Return to Mecca
    Muhammad returns to Mecca with large number of followers. All the citizens accept Islam. The Prophet clears images out of the Kaaba so people can be dedicated to one god.
  • Jan 1, 633

    Death of Muhammad

    Death of Muhammad
    Muhammad dies after a terrible illness. The Muslim community chooses his father-in-law and close friend, Abu Bakr, as caliph, or successor.
  • Jan 1, 638

    Muslims in Arabia

    Muslims in Arabia
    Muslims enter Arabia, Syria, Palestine, and Iraq (Picture of Arabia)
  • Jan 1, 641

    Entering Egypt

    Entering Egypt
    Muslims enter Egypt and rout the Byzantine Army. They consider it as the liberation of people. (Byzantine Army Armor)
  • Jan 1, 655

    Spread of Islam

    Spread of Islam
    Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Death of Imam Ali

    Death of Imam Ali
    Imam Ali is killed. The death of Ali brought an end to the four caliphs known as Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule. (Picture of Imam Ali)
  • Jan 1, 711

    Entering Spain

    Entering Spain
    Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is under Islamic control. (Topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula)
  • Jan 1, 732

    Defeat of Muslim

    Defeat of Muslim
    Muslims are defeated at Potiers in France by Charles Martel (Defeat of Muslims)
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasids take over

    Abbasids take over
    The Abbasids take over rule from the Umayyads, which put the power in the hands of Baghdad. (Abbasids taking over)
  • Jan 1, 809

    786 to 809 5th Caliph

    786 to 809 5th Caliph
    Al-Rashid ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural, and religious prosperity. City of Baghdad became a center of knowledge, culture and trade
  • Jan 1, 850

    Perfectus is executed

    Perfectus is executed
    Perfectus, a Christian priest in Muslim Cordova, is executed after he refuses to admit he insulted the Prophet Muhammed. (Execution of Perfectus)
  • Jan 1, 1000

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Continue to Spread

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Continue to Spread
    Islam continues to spread through the continent of Africa, including Nigeria, which acted as a trading spot between north and central regions of Africa
  • Jan 1, 1099

    Muslims defeat Crusaders

    Muslims defeat Crusaders
    European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims. Eventually Muslims defeat the Crusaders and regain control of the holy land.
    (The First Crusade)
  • Jan 1, 1100

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Islamic rule is weakened

    Islamic rule is weakened because of power struggles among Islamic leaders and the Christian crusades.
  • Jan 1, 1120

    Continuation of the Spread of Islam

    Continuation of the Spread of Islam
    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia. Malaysian traders get in touch with Muslims who teach them about Islam. (Spread of Islam in Asia)
  • Jan 1, 1206

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Genghis Khan

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Genghis Khan
    Genghis Khan was proclaimed ruler of all Mongols in 1206. The empire grew rapidly under his rule and then under the rule of his descendants, who sent invasions in every direction
  • Jan 1, 1299

    Ottaman state is formed

    Ottaman state is formed
    The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey. (Anatolia, Turkey)
  • Jan 1, 1300

    OTTOMAN- Capture of Constantinople

    OTTOMAN- Capture of Constantinople
    Ottomans continued the successful expansion of their empire throughout the 16th century, most importantly with their capture of Constantinople from the Byzantines in 1453.
  • Jan 1, 1398

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA-Timur Conquers India, Syria, and Turkey:

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA-Timur Conquers India, Syria, and Turkey:
    Timur's army of 90,000 crossed the Indus River in September, 1398 and set upon India. The country had fallen to pieces after the death of Shah.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Instanbul

    Instanbul
    Ottomans conquer the Byzantine part of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    SAFAVID- Safavid Dynasty

    SAFAVID- Safavid Dynasty
    It was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Persia (modern Iran), and is often considered the beginning of modern Persian history (Emblem)
  • Jan 1, 1526

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Mughal Empire

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Mughal Empire
    Babur's victory at Panipat in 1526 established the Mughal Empire and ended the reign of the Delhi Sultanate.
  • Jan 1, 1529

    OTTOMAN- The Siege of Vienna

    OTTOMAN- The Siege of Vienna
    The Siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. It really proved how powerful the Ottoman Empire was.
  • Jan 1, 1540

    OTTOMAN- 1520-1566 Sulaiman the Magnificent

    OTTOMAN- 1520-1566 Sulaiman the Magnificent
    Sulaiman was called the Magnificent by the Europeans and the Lawgiver by his own people. His empire reached from Hungary to Egypt, Algeria to Mesopotamia.
  • SAFAVID- 1588 to 1629

    SAFAVID- 1588 to 1629
    The greatest of the Safavid monarchs, Shah Abbas I (1587–1629) came to power in 1587 aged 16. First he sued for peace in 1590 with the Ottomans giving away territory in the north-west.
  • OTTOMAN- Treaty of Constantinople

    OTTOMAN- Treaty of Constantinople
    The Treaty of Constantinople or Istanbul was signed on 13 July 1700 between the Tsardom of Russia and the Ottoman Empire. (Picture of Tsar Peter the Great)
  • SAFAVID- Collapse of Safavid Dynasty

    In 1722, an Afghan army led by Mir Wais' son Mahmud advanced on the empire and defeated the government forces at the Battle of Gulnabad. He then surounded the capital of Isfahan, until Shah Sultan Husayn responsibly acknowledged him as the new king of Persia.
  • MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Sepoy Rebellion

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- Sepoy Rebellion
    The Sepoy Rebellion breaks out in India at the battle of Cawnpore, Indian cavalry charges a British line
  • MUSLIMS IN INDIA- 1556-1605

    MUSLIMS IN INDIA- 1556-1605
    The Reign of Akbar- Akbar was a noble commander who built the largest army ever in the history of the Mughal empire.