Islam1

Islamic Empires TImeline

  • 570

    Muhammad's Birth

    Muhammad's Birth
    Muhammad was born in 570 in the city of Mecca. He was orphaned at a young age and was raised by his grandparents.
  • Period: 570 to

    History Of Islam

    The histroy of Islam and its empires
  • Mar 3, 610

    Angel Gabriel

    Angel Gabriel
    In 610 Muhammad was visited by Angel Gabriel at Mt. Hira. He was told that he was a prophet sent to Earth by God.
  • Jun 4, 613

    Preaching Begins

    Preaching Begins
    By 613, Muhammad began preaching his new ideas in Mecca. Some people were attracted to Islam, but many people feared that with Muhammads growing popularity Mecca would lose its status as a holy city.
  • Mar 4, 622

    The Hijrah

    The Hijrah
    Muhammad and his followers fled to Medina after years of attacks. This date was known as the Hijrah. Medina is where Muhammad gained new converts who put Islam above their clans and families. he taught respect for people of the book (Christians and Jews).
  • Mar 4, 622

    Islam

    Islam
    In 622 the new religion Islam began. It was founded by Muhammad. His followers were called Muslims, and they spread Islam throughout the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe.
  • May 7, 630

    Muhammad returns to Mecca

    Muhammad returns to Mecca
    In 630, Muhammad and his troops returned to Mecca. He had 10,000 troops and they conquered the city. They destroyed the god statues in the Ka'aba, leaving only the statue for Allah. This time, the people in Mecca converted to Islam.
  • Mar 4, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad's Death
    Muhammad died in 632. But, his faith began to spread.
  • Sep 5, 639

    Conquests

    Conquests
    Muslims enter North Arabia and conquer Jerusalem. This helps the Islamic Religion to spread.
  • Dec 31, 641

    Defeat Byzantine Army

    Defeat Byzantine Army
    The Islamic people enter Egypt and defeat the Byzantine Army. This was seen as a great conquest.
  • Mar 5, 655

    North Africa

    North Africa
    655 was when the Islam religion began to spread throughout North Africa.
  • Oct 8, 661

    Imam Ali

    Imam Ali
    Imam Ali is killed in 661. This brings and end to the four "righteous caliphs".
  • Mar 5, 711

    Conquers more Lands

    Conquers more Lands
    The Muslim army wanted to conquer lots of lands. In 711 they went into Spain, crossing the strait of Gibraltar and pushed into France.
  • Mar 5, 732

    Defeated in France

    Defeated in France
    In 732 in Tours, France, the Muslim Army was defeated.
  • Mar 5, 750

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
    750 is when the Abbasids take rule from the Umayyads, and this switches the power to Baghdad.
  • Nov 4, 786

    Caliph Harun ar-Rashid

    Caliph Harun ar-Rashid
    From 786 to 809 C.E, Caliph Harun ar-Rashid ruled in the Islamic Empire. This was the Golden Age of Islam, and he is one of their most celebrated leaders.
  • Mar 14, 850

    Abassid control breaks

    Abassid control breaks
    In 850, the Abassid control over the Arab empire was breaking. In other places like Spain and Egypt, independednt dynasties had control of seperate Muslim states.
  • Mar 16, 1000

    Muslims in India

    Muslims in India
    In the year 1000, Muslim Turks and Afghans pushed into India.
  • Jun 30, 1095

    Start of the Crusades

    Start of the Crusades
    In 1905, Pope Urban II was led to call for the First Crusade, after reports of Seljuk interference with Christians traveling to Jerusalem.
  • Feb 19, 1099

    Jerusalem Captured

    Jerusalem Captured
    In 1099, Christian Crusaders captured Jerusalem.
  • Mar 16, 1100

    HIndu Armies

    HIndu Armies
    This was when the sultan of Ghur defeated Hindu armies across the Northerrn Plain.
  • Mar 16, 1120

    Muslims in Asia

    Muslims in Asia
    in 1120, Malaysian traders talk to Muslims who teach them about Islam. Islam starts to spread to Malaysia and throughout Asia.
  • Mar 16, 1206

    Delhi Sultanate

    Delhi Sultanate
    This was the start of the Delhi Sultanate, which lasted frim 1206-1526.
  • Mar 16, 1299

    1st Ottoman State

    1st Ottoman State
    in 1299 in Anatolia, Turkey the first Ottoman State is formed.
  • Mar 16, 1300

    Expansion of The Ottoman Empire

    Expansion of The Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman's expanded in the 1300's alot. They were across Asia Minor and into southeastern Europe.
  • Dec 16, 1398

    India Invaded

    India Invaded
    In 1398, Tamerlane invaded India. Loads of artisans were enslaved to build Tamerlane'scapital.
  • Mar 16, 1453

    Istanbul

    Istanbul
    1453 was a big year because The Ottomans conquered Constantinople of the Byzantine EMpire, and change it to Istanbul.
  • Mar 16, 1453

    Capture Constantinople

    Capture Constantinople
    in 1453, after many failed attempts, Muhammad II finally captured Constantinople.
  • Mar 16, 1500

    Safavid Empire

    Safavid Empire
    In the early 1500's, The Safavide Empire had a strong empire in Persia, but was always in frequent war about religion.
  • Mar 16, 1520

    Golden Age

    Golden Age
    Sultan Suleiman ruled from 1520-1566, and the ottoman empire had their Golden Age under his rule.
  • Mar 16, 1526

    More Invaders

    More Invaders
    Turkish and Mongol Invaders invaded India. Babaur led them. He was a poet, military genius and an author.
  • Mar 16, 1529

    Suleiman

    Suleiman
    in 1529, Suleiman was able to get the city of Vienna, making the rest of Western Europe scared.
  • Mar 16, 1556

    Akbar the Great

    Akbar the Great
    Akbar the Great reigned from 1556-1605. During this time, he led the Muslims to their Golden Age.
  • Sha Abbas

    Sha Abbas
    From 1588-1629 Abbas the Grat was king. Under his rule, he centralized the government and created a stron military force.
  • Decline of Ottoman Empire

    Decline of Ottoman Empire
    The Ottoman Empire was behind in many things such as commerce and military technology, while other empires were pushing ahead.
  • Decline of Safavid Empire

    The Safavid Empire was slowly losing its glory after Sha Abbah died. Sunnis Afghan's rebelled and forced the last ruler to resign in 1722.