Islam 01

Patrick Wisz

By pwisz
  • 575

    Muhammad is born

    Muhammad is born in this year. In the city of Mecca.
  • Period: 575 to

    Islam Histroy

  • Mar 3, 610

    Muhammad becomes the prophet

    Muhammad receives first revelation at Mt. Hira, near Mecca, and begins career as a prophet. And begins his faith of Muslim
  • Mar 3, 622

    Muhammad and Muslims move.

    The year of Hijra: Muhammad and Muslims migrate from Mecca to Medina and continue the Muslim faith there.
  • Mar 3, 630

    Muhammad moves back to Mecca

    Muhammad moves back to Mecca and wins control of it.
  • Mar 4, 632

    Muhammads death

    Death of Muhammad; death of Fatima, his daughter; election of Abu Bakr as first caliph
  • Mar 4, 634

    Abu Bakr Death

    Death of Abu Bakr.
  • Mar 4, 635

    Damascus conquers

    Conquest of Damascus.
  • Mar 4, 636

    Battle of Qadisiyya

    Battle of Qadisiyya: Arab army decisively defeats Persian army in Iraq
  • Mar 4, 637

    Conquest of Syria

    Conquest of Syria and the fall of Jerusalem.
  • Mar 4, 640

    Conquest of Persia

    Conquest of Persia
  • Mar 4, 642

    Conquest of Egypt

    Conquest of Egypt; foundation of Fustat (later part of Cairo).
  • Mar 4, 644

    Death of Umar ibn al-Khattab

    Death of Umar ibn al-Khattab, second caliph.
  • Mar 4, 653

    Caliph Uthman

    Caliph Uthman authorizes collection and official establishment of the text of the Quran.
  • Mar 4, 655

    Assassination of Uthman

    Assassination of Uthman, the third caliph
  • Mar 4, 659

    Muawiya

    Muawiya, chief of the Umayyads, conquers Egypt
  • Mar 5, 661

    death of Ali ibn Abi Talib

    Death of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth caliph and first Shii imam.
    Muawiya becomes caliph and founder of Umayyad dynasty
  • Mar 5, 662

    Revolt of the Khawarij

    Revolt of the Khawarij
  • Mar 4, 670

    Damascus becomes new capital of Umayyad dynasty

    Damascus becomes new capital of Umayyad dynasty under Muawiya.
    New wave of conquest begins.
  • Mar 5, 680

    Death of Muawiya.

    Death of Muawiya. Martyrdom of Husayn, third Shii imam, at Karbala, Iraq
  • Mar 5, 691

    Building of the Mosque

    Building of the Mosque of Umar (Dome of the Rock) in Jerusalem.
  • Mar 5, 698

    Arabic becomes official language

    Arabic becomes official language of government in the Islamic Empire
  • Mar 5, 700

    Conquest and conversion

    Conquest and conversion of Berber tribes in North Africa
  • Mar 5, 711

    Tariq ibn Ziyad leads conquest of Andalusia

    Tariq ibn Ziyad leads conquest of Andalusia (southern Spain).
    Muhammad ibn Qasim initiates Arab conquest of Sind (India)
  • Mar 5, 712

    Muslim armies in Persia begin conquest of Bakhara

    Muslim armies in Persia begin conquest of Bakhara and Samarqand in Central Asia.
  • Mar 5, 719

    Cordoba becomes administrative capital of Andalusia

    Cordoba becomes administrative capital of Andalusia
  • Mar 5, 728

    Death of Hasan al-Basri

    Death of Hasan al-Basri, Muslim ascetic and teacher.
  • Mar 5, 732

    Battle of Tours, France.

    Battle of Tours, France.
  • Mar 5, 749

    Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate

    Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate
  • Mar 5, 750

    Abbasids capture Damascus

    Abbasids capture Damascus, ending Umayyad rule in Syria; Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah founds Abbasid Caliphate.
  • Mar 5, 754

    Death of al-Saffah

    Death of al-Saffah; Abu Jaafar al-Mansur becomes second Abbasid caliph
  • Mar 5, 756

    Establishment of Umayyad rule in Spain

    Establishment of Umayyad rule in Spain
  • Mar 5, 762

    Baghdad founded by Caliph al-Mansur

    Baghdad founded by Caliph al-Mansur as the capital of the Abbasid Empire.
  • Mar 5, 765

    Death of Jaafar al-Sadiq, sixth Shii imam.

    Death of Jaafar al-Sadiq, sixth Shii imam.
  • Mar 5, 767

    Death of Abu Hanifa

    Death of Abu Hanifa, Iraqi jurist and eponym of the Hanafi Legal School
  • Mar 5, 785

    The building of the Great Mosque at Cordoba.

    The building of the Great Mosque at Cordoba.
  • Mar 5, 795

    Death of Malik ibn Anas

    Death of Malik ibn Anas, jurist of Medina and eponym of the Maliki Legal School
  • Mar 5, 798

    Death of Abu Yusuf

    Death of Abu Yusuf, co-founder of Hanafi Legal School
  • Mar 16, 801

    Death of female mystic Rabia al-Adawiyya.

    Death of female mystic Rabia al-Adawiyya.
  • Mar 16, 839

    Muslims capture Sicily and southern Italy

    Muslims capture Sicily and southern Italy
  • Mar 16, 909

    Foundation of Fatimid Ismaili Shii dynasty in North Africa.

    Foundation of Fatimid Ismaili Shii dynasty in North Africa.
  • Mar 16, 912

    Golden age of Umayyad rule in Andalusia.

    Golden age of Umayyad rule in Andalusia.
  • Mar 16, 939

    Period of Lesser Occultation of Muhammad

    Period of Lesser Occultation of Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth Shii imam
  • Mar 16, 941

    Death of al-Maturidi, Sunni theologian, in Samarqand.

    Death of al-Maturidi, Sunni theologian, in Samarqand.
  • Mar 16, 970

    Fatimids found Al-Azhar mosque-university in Cairo

    Fatimids found Al-Azhar mosque-university in Cairo
  • Mar 16, 1030

    Reign of Mahmud of Ghazna, who raids northwest India

    Reign of Mahmud of Ghazna, who raids northwest India (Punjab, 1001-21) and puts the conquered territories under Islamic authority in the name of the Abbasid caliph.
  • Mar 16, 1064

    Death of Ibn Hazm, Andalusian jurist and scholar

    Death of Ibn Hazm, Andalusian jurist and scholar
  • Mar 16, 1099

    Crusaders capture Jerusalem, ending the First Crusade

    Crusaders capture Jerusalem, ending the First Crusade
  • Mar 16, 1111

    Death of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, philosopher and theologian.

    Death of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, philosopher and theologian.
  • Mar 16, 1171

    End of the Fatimid dynasty

    End of the Fatimid dynasty; Salah al-Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.
  • Mar 16, 1453

    Constantinople (Istanbul) falls

    Constantinople (Istanbul) falls to Ottomans and becomes the new Ottoman capital; Byzantine Empire ends
  • Mar 16, 1571

    Christian fleet defeats Ottoman navy at Lepanto, marking the end of Ottoman dominance in the Mediterranean region.

    Christian fleet defeats Ottoman navy at Lepanto, marking the end of Ottoman dominance in the Mediterranean region.
  • Death of Sayyid Ahmad Khan

    Death of Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Muslim modernist reformer.
    Death of Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya movement
  • Death of Muhammad Abduh

    Death of Muhammad Abduh, Egyptian religious scholar and reformer.
    Massacre of Armenians in eastern Turkey.
  • Bombing

    Bombming of World trade center in New York
  • Religious militants connected with al-Qaeda

    Religious militants connected with al-Qaeda fly hijacked airliners into the New York World Trade Center and Pentagon; U.S. and coalition forces invade Afghanistan and depose the Taliban.
  • U.S. and coalition forces launch Gulf War II by invading Iraq and deposing Saddam Hussein and the Baath Party.Shirin Ebadi, Iranian human rights advocate, wins Nobel Peace Prize.

    U.S. and coalition forces launch Gulf War II by invading Iraq and deposing Saddam Hussein and the Baath Party.
    Shirin Ebadi, Iranian human rights advocate, wins Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Iraqi national elections bring Shii political coalition

    Iraqi national elections bring Shii political coalition (United Iraqi Alliance) to power.
    Muhammad al-Baradei, director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • Orhan Pamuk, Turkish author, wins Nobel Prize in literature.

    Orhan Pamuk, Turkish author, wins Nobel Prize in literature.
    Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker and economist, wins Nobel Peace Prize.
    Saddam Hussein executed.
  • Popular upheavals rock many countries in the Arab world

    Popular upheavals rock many countries in the Arab world, beginning in Tunisia, and spreading across the Middle East and North Africa to Egypt, Libya, Syria, Jordan, Bahrain, and Yemen, among others.
    Death of Osama Bin Laden
  • In Syria

    In Syria, more than 100,000 have died in an ongoing civil war between supporters of the government led by Bashar al-Assad and forces seeking to ouster it; more than 1.4 million Syrians have fled the war zone. The conflict started in 2011 with peaceful protests against the government, part of a wider movement in the Arab world of popular protests against entrenched authoritarian governments.