Latin America Independence

Timeline created by Lumi_Lu
In History
  • Haity Indepence

    Haity Indepence
    François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture took over a slave revolt in
    the French side of the island of Hispaniola and drove it between 1793 and 1802.
    He confronted the Spanish, the English and the French, until his capture, exile and death in
    France. In 1803, Jean Jacques Dessalines finally defeated the French in 1804 and declared Haiti's independence. It was therefore the
    second independent country in America, in this case, led by blacks.
  • Independence of South America

    Independence of South America
    When Ferdinand VII
    to the throne in 1814,
    patriotic military campaigns
    survived in Venezuela, Simón Bolívar-Miembro
    of the Caraqueña boards of
    1811- was appointed new military
    leader, and in 1813 he liberated Merida and Caracas in the
    The admirable campaign, cities that gave him the title of "Liberator "To quell the independence movement, Fernando
    VII ordered the organization of the so-called "Peacekeeping Expedition" which
    under the command of Marshal Pablo Morillo, sailed from Cadiz in
  • Argentina,Parguay and Uruguay

    Argentina,Parguay and Uruguay
    The Republic of Paraguay
    was created.
    In the Banda Oriental, the rural population rose up against the Spanish authorities in
    Montevideo, Uruguay, fed up with its disillusionment with the centralism of Buenos Aires, wanted to establish itself as an independent entity. Another federalist initiative was led by
    General José de San Martín, who promoted the Congress of Tucumán, which
    founded the United Provinces of South America
  • Indepence of Chile

    Indepence of Chile
    Saint Martin spent years
    making guns, bullets and all
    types of equipment and organization
    The crossing was epic, but, as they had
    planned, the six columns met less
    a month later in the Aconcagua Valley and although he suffered a serious
    defeat in Cancha Rayada triumphed in the decisive battle ensuring the independence of Chile.
  • New Granada and Venezuela

    New Granada and Venezuela
    Morillo soon regained control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817,
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war.
    he confronted and defeated Morillo. Morillo
    He counterattacked and defeated Bolivar in the Aragua Valley.
    crossed the Andes and defeated the royalists at the battle of the Pantano de Vargas which sealed the independence of New Granada the royalist army was defeated at the Battle of Carabobo, the
    the final victory of the independence of Venezuela
  • Central America

    Central America
    Guatemala with its provinces (Chiapas, Soconusco, El Salvador,
    Honduras, Nicaragua, Los Altos and Costa Rica) declared their independence
    of the Spanish Crown (15-09-1821) Guatemala and its provinces
    formed an independent, federal state under the name of United
    Central American Provinces, being their capital city of Guatemala. The local oligarchies promoted the separation. This led to a civil war (1838-
    1840), in which Guatemala could not prevail.
  • Independece of Ecuador

    Independece of Ecuador
    the arrival of the patriot army commanded by
    Antonio José de Sucre, and his triumph in
    Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated
    the independence of Great Colombia.Bolivar defeated
    the royalist pastures in the battle of
    Bomboná, and entered triumphantly in Quito (16-06-1822), the president of Peru, General José de San Martín, to discuss the strategy for
    to end the war against the realists.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexican Independence
    The priest Miguel Idalgo was placed as a leader, he gave the cry of independence in the town Dolores, after being executed took his place the priest Jose Maria Morelejos, achieving a liberal and agrarian state, but who really proclaimed independence were a group of Creoles in 1821 but it was until 1833 that the Spanish considered them independent.
  • The Case of Puerto Rico

    The Case of Puerto Rico
    The cry of Lares, of independence against
    Spain, it happened. The rebellion was crushed in a short time. Puerto Rico
    continues within the Spanish system until the war between the U.S. and
    Spain. After the defeat of the latter, the island of Puerto Rico becomes
    administered by the U.S. and is currently a U.S. commonwealth
    country. Consequently, it is not an independent country.

    When Napoleon invaded Portugal, John VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and
    He later promoted a legal reform (1815) by declaring Brazil as a territorial base
    of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal, and the Algarve". Thus, Rio de Janeiro
    became the seat of an absolute monarchy, as well as those of Europe, plus a 1831 he abdicated and was
    succeeded by his son, Peter II, who reigned until 1889 when the first
    republic was proclaimed.
  • Indepence of Cuba

    Indepence of Cuba
    Jose Marti organized with old leaders and created an army to land in Cuba, Jose Marti died in a war but his army continued to fight; the United States does not want
    lose the possibility of taking over the largest island in the Antilles and, in
    1898, after the explosion of the battleship Maine in the port of Havana,
    to declare war on Spain. The Spanish concentrated more on their other war so Cuba became independent in 1899 but later the United States arrived.