Erin Choi (P.6) absolutism - global expansion

  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Erin Choi (P.6) absolutism - global expansion

  • Oct 9, 1516

    New Testament - new verison

    Erasmus publishes Greek edition of the New TEstament; More writes Utopia
  • Oct 9, 1517

    Martin Luther - Protestant Reformation

  • Period: Oct 9, 1519 to Oct 9, 1556

    Charles V - Spanish King

    Was the Grandson of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.
    Carried the title of Holy Roman Emperor – making him the ruler of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire.
    Was constantly at war with France, Protestants and Ottoman Empire.
    Later became a monk.
  • Jan 1, 1550

    Spain gold imports peaked

    As the trade emerged, the trade of natural resources peaked
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    supposed to maintain balance between Catholics & Lutherans, but it had no mechanism for resolving conflicts
  • Period: Jan 1, 1560 to

    Religious conflicts threaten state power

  • Jan 1, 1562

    French Wars of Religion

  • Jan 1, 1562

    French Wars of Religion

  • Period: Jan 1, 1562 to

    French Wars of Religion

    challenges to spain's authority, elizabeth I's defense of english protestantism, the clash of faiths and empires in Eastern Europe
  • Jan 1, 1563

    Church of England's thirty-nine articles of religion

    Under Elizabeth I's control
  • Jan 1, 1566

    Calvinist revolt against Spain

  • Period: Jan 1, 1568 to Jan 1, 1570

    Morisco revolted in South of Spain

    killed 90 priests & 1500 Christians
  • Jan 1, 1569

    Polant - Lithuania formed

  • Jan 1, 1571

    Battle of Lepanto

  • Jan 1, 1572

    st.bartholomew's day massacre

  • Nov 1, 1576

    Philip's long-upaid armies acked Antwerp

    "Spanish Fury"
  • Jan 1, 1580

    Philip - extend empire in Africa, India, America

    Philip took over neighboring realm with its rich empire in Africa, India, and the Americas`
  • assassination of William of Orange

    Spain troops never regained control in N
  • Ivan IV died, a terrible period of chaos

    (The Time of Troubles ensued)
  • Period: to

    Cardinal Richelieu

    also another foundation of French Absolutism
  • England defeats Spanish armada

  • Henry IV took the French throne

  • Spain silver import peaked

    As Spain expanded its empire, the trade of natural resources peaked as well.
  • Period: to

    Suffer from shortage

    most European suffered from shortages (resulting famine triggered revolts from Ireland to Muscovy)
  • Jews Worship - religious freedom?

    Jews could worship openly in their synagogues
  • Edict of Nantes

    granted Huguenots a large measure of religious toleration
  • Philip II death

  • Shakespeare - Hamlet

  • Period: to

    James I

    Quickly alienated Parliament
    Alienated the Puritans when he defended the Anglican Church
    Many of the Landed gentry had become Puritans.
    Made up a large part of the House of Commons
  • King James Bible

    (a new translation of Bible) is published
  • Novel Don Quixote

    (author- Migue de Cervantes) - disappointment of thwarted imperial ambition
  • The Gunpowder Plot

    The attempt by Catholics to kill King James I and most of the Protestant aristocracy
    Blew up the House of Lords during the state opening of Parliament.
    Later becomes known and celebrated as Guy Fawkes Day
  • Morisco - expulsion

    Philip III ordered Moriscos' expulsion from Spanish territory
  • Henry IV is murdered

  • Period: to

    Louis XIII

    one of the foundation of French Absolutism - King
    Reduced the power of the nobility.
    Restricted local authorities
    Created intendants: individuals given to government officials, especially administrators of state affairs.
  • Michael Romanov - army of nobles, townspeople, and peasants

    army of nobles, townspeople, and peasants finally expelled the intruders and put on the throne a noble man, Michael Romanov (established an enduring new dynasty)
  • Morsicos - forced to move to Africa

    some 300,000 Moriscos had been forced to relocate to N. Africa
  • Catholic Habsburg heir Archduke Ferdinand

    crowned king of bohemia
  • The defenestration of prague

  • Period: to

    The Thirty Years' War

    origins and course of the war, effects of constant fighting, the peace of westphalia (1648)
  • Frist African slaves - transported

    African slaves were first transported to the new colony of Virginia
  • The Laws of War and Peace

  • Period: to

    Charles I

    Believed in elaborate ceremonies and rituals.
    Uniformity of church was imposed by a church court.
    Anglican Book of Common Prayer
    For both England and Scotland
    Believed to be pro-Catholic by the Puritans
  • Petition of Rights

    In return form money to fund his wars, Charles I agreed to:
    No Imprisonment without due cause
    No taxation without Parliament’s consent
    No putting soldiers in private homes
    No martial law during peacetime
    He signed and then ignored by dissolving Parliament.
  • Period: to

    France population died - successive

    5% France population died (successive bad harvests, diseases - poor)
  • Galileo forced to recant

  • Miseries and Misfortunes of War

  • French declare war on Spain

  • Parliament into session

    Parliament into session in 1640
    MPs demand more protection of property
    Charles I dismissed Parliament after 3 weeks
  • Period: to

    The LONG Parliament

    Triennial Act: Stated that Parliament must be called into session at least once every 3 years
    Charles I attempts to arrest 5 MPS and fails
  • Period: to

    English Alliance

  • Richard died

    Louis XIII followed him a few moths later and was succeed by his 5 yrs old son (Louis XIV)
  • Period: to

    Civil War - England

    Civil War between King Charles I and Parliament in England
  • Period: to

    The Civil War

    Belonged to the House of Lords
    From North and West England
    Mostly Aristocracy and landowners
    Church officials
    Mostly rural
    Known as Roundheads
    Mostly from the House of Commons
    South and East England
    Puritans, Merchants, townspeople and more urban
  • Period: to

    The English Civil War

  • Peace of Westphalia

    model for resolving future conflicts among warring European states, Sweden took several northern territories from the Holy Roman Empire
    The Fronde revolt challenges royal authority in France, Ukrainian Cossack warrior rebel against the king of Poland-Lithuania, Spain formally recognizes independence of the Dutch Republic
  • Fronde

    Part of the French Absolutism
    Creation of a National Army
    Makes Versailles the center of Government
    Elaborate court rules and life
    Promotes the image of “The Sun King.” – God’s representative on earth
  • Pride's purge

    Cromwell purges the House of Commons of moderates
    The result of the Purge was the “Rump” Parliament
    The vote by the Rump Parliament was a vote of 68 - 67
  • Execution of Charles I of England

    new Russian legal code assigns all to hereditary class
  • Period: to

    The interregnum period - the common wealth

  • Period: to

    Common Wealth

    Cromwell ruled the Rump Parliament
    Constitutional Republic
    Created a constitution – Instrument of Government
    Created a Council of State that was annually elected from the committee of Parliament
    NO Monarch
    Most of Europe does not recognize the new government
  • Thomas Hobbes publishes Leviathan

  • Period: to

    The Protectorate

    Cromwell dissolved the “Rump” Parliament in 1653
    Declares martial law
    Establishes a Military dictator
    Religious tolerance for all except for Catholics
    Crushes a rebellion in Scotland
    Crushes a rebellion among the Catholics of Ireland – killed 40% of all ethnic Irish.
  • Period: to

    The interregnum period - the protectorate

  • Monarchy restored in England

  • Period: to

    1st Anglo-Dutch War

  • Slave code set up in Barbados

  • Cavalier Parliament

    Filled with Royalists
    Disbanded the Puritan army and pardoned most Puritan rebels
    Restored the authority of the Church of England
  • Clarendon Code (Act of Uniformity)

    All clergy & church officials had to conform to the Anglican Book of Common Prayers
    Forbade “non-conformists” to worship publicly, teach their faith, or attend English universities.
  • Period: to

    2nd Anglo-Dutch War

  • Louis XIV - war starts

    Louis XIV begins first of many wars that continue throughout his reign
  • Test Act

    Parliament excluded all but Anglicans from civilian and military positions.
    Puritans were considered “radicals” and Catholics were seen as “traitors”
  • Period: to

    Third Anglo-Dutch War

  • The Princess of Cleves published

    Madame de Lafyette anonymously publishes her novel The Princess of Cleves
  • Habeas Corpus Act

    Any unjustly imprisoned persons could obtain a writ of habeas corpus compelling the government to explain why he had lost his liberty.
  • Austrian Habsburgs break the Turkish siege of Vienna

  • Louis XIV toleration - French Protestants

    Louis XIV revokes toleration for French Protestants granted by the Edict of Nantes
  • Period: to

    King James II

    A bigoted convert to Catholicism without any of Charles II’s ability to compromise
    Alienated the Tories
    Provoked the revolution that Charles II had avoided
    Surrounded himeself with Catholics
    Claimed the power to suspend or dispense with Acts of Parliament
    Declaration of Liberty of Consccience
    Extended religious toleration without Parliament’s approval
  • Parliament deposes James II

    Parliament deposes James II and invites his daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, to take the throne
  • The Glorious revolution

  • English Bill of Rights

    Settled major issues between the King and Parliament
    Served as a model for the U.S. Bill of Rights
    Formed a base for the steady expansion of civil liberties in the 18th and early 19th C in England
  • Two treatises of Government

    John Locke publishes Two treatises of Government and Essay Concerning Human Understanding