Counter Reformation

Timeline created by Oscar Hegge
  • 1534

    Thomas More is arrested

    Thomas More is arrested
    More was King Henry's right-hand man, however he refused to acknowledge him as Head of the Church of England, for this crime he was imprisoned in the tower of London. The King sent many of his men to ask More to sign an oath to the King however More repeatedly refused.
  • Jul 6, 1535

    Thomas More is Beheaded at Tower Hill

    Thomas More is Beheaded at Tower Hill
    After being found guilty of Treason.
  • 1541

    1541, The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Order is founded by Ignatius Loyola

    1541, The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Order is founded by Ignatius Loyola
    At first, the Jesuits had no involvement in the situation in England. They played no part during Mary I reign.
  • 1553

    Mary I becomes Queen of England

    Mary I becomes Queen of England
    Mary I, King Henry VIII's daughter, was raised as a Catholic. During her reign, Protestants were mercilessly persecuted and many were burned at the stake or fled the country.
  • 1558

    Mary I dies and Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England

    Mary I dies and Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England
    Elizabeth was a protestant, however early in her reign she remained tolerant of Catholics provided they kept their worship private. Despite this, many Catholics, fearing they would soon face similar persecution to those that Protestants faced under Queen Mary, left England for mainland Europe
  • 1561

    English College, a Catholic Seminary, established in Douai, France

    English College, a Catholic Seminary, established in Douai, France
    As persecution of Catholics in England intensified, seminaries were set up on the continent to train English priests
  • 1570

    Elizabeth I begins open persecution of Catholics

    Elizabeth I begins open persecution of Catholics
  • 1576

    William Allen establishes another English College in Rome

    William Allen establishes another English College in Rome
    Allen persuaded Pope Gregory XIII to allow him to start a new English College
  • 1579

    English Seminary in Rome is put under control of the Jesuits

    English Seminary in Rome is put under control of the Jesuits
  • 1580

    Jesuits Robert Persons, Ralph Emerson and Edmund Campion are sent to England

    Jesuits Robert Persons, Ralph Emerson and Edmund Campion are sent to England
    With the mission of spreading Catholicism in a country where Catholics were viciously persecuted, the three men began clandestine operations to spread the word of God.
  • 1580

    Robert Persons establishes the first secret printing press in England

    Robert Persons establishes the first secret printing press in England
  • 1581

    Edmund Campion is captured by authorties.

    Edmund Campion is captured by authorties.
  • Dec 1, 1581

    Edmund Campion is executed

    Edmund Campion is executed