Chapter 21

  • 1492

    Spain expelled the Muslims and Jews.

    Spain expelled the Muslims and Jews.
  • 1548

    Ivan IV (the Terrible) became the Czar of Russia.

    Ivan IV (the Terrible) became the Czar of Russia.
  • 1556

    Phillip II became the leader of Spain

    Phillip II became the leader of Spain
  • 1563

    Phillip II's palace, Escorial, was built.

    Phillip II's palace, Escorial, was built.
  • 1568

    The Dutch revolt against Spanish rule began.

    The Dutch revolt against Spanish rule began.
  • 1572

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre opened.

    St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre opened.
  • 1581

    The Dutch Republic was created.

    The Dutch Republic was created.
  • Phillip II's Spanish Armada was defeated by England.

    Phillip II's Spanish Armada was defeated by England.
  • Henry IV became the first king of the Bourbon dynasty in France.

    Henry IV became the first king of the Bourbon dynasty in France.
  • Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes.

    Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes.
  • James I became the King of England.

    James I became the King of England.
  • Miguel Cervantes published Don Quixote.

    Miguel Cervantes published Don Quixote.
  • Beginning of the Thirty Year's War.

    Beginning of the Thirty Year's War.
  • Charles I signed the Petition of Rights in England.

    Charles I signed the Petition of Rights in England.
  • Frederick William became the Elector of Brandenburg.

    Frederick William became the Elector of Brandenburg.
  • The English Civil war began.

    The English Civil war began.
  • The Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War.

    The Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War.
  • Oliver Cromwell became the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth in England.

    Oliver Cromwell became the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth in England.
  • Charles II became King of England (Restoration).

    Charles II became King of England (Restoration).
  • Jean Baptiste Colbert became the minister of finance in France.

    Jean Baptiste Colbert became the minister of finance in France.
  • Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles was completed.

    Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles was completed.
  • Peter I (the Great) became the Czar of Russia.

    Peter I (the Great) became the Czar of Russia.
  • Louis XIV cancelled the Edict of Nantes.

    Louis XIV cancelled the Edict of Nantes.
  • James II became the King of England.

    James II became the King of England.
  • William and Mary became the King and Queen of England (Glorious Revolution).

    William and Mary became the King and Queen of England (Glorious Revolution).
  • The English Bill of Rights was issued in England.

    The English Bill of Rights was issued in England.
  • Charles VI became the Hapsburg ruler.

    Charles VI became the Hapsburg ruler.
  • Peter I moved the capital of Russia to St. Petersburg.

    Peter I moved the capital of Russia to St. Petersburg.
  • Treaty of Utrecht was signed ending the War of the Spanish Succession.

    Treaty of Utrecht was signed ending the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • Louis XIV became the King of France.

    Louis XIV became the King of France.
  • Maria Theresa became the leader of Austria

    Maria Theresa became the leader of Austria
  • Frederick II (the Great) became the leader of Prussia.

    Frederick II (the Great) became the leader of Prussia.
  • The War of Austrian Succession began.

    The War of Austrian Succession began.
  • The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed.

    The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed.
  • The Seven Year's War began.

    The Seven Year's War began.