• British naval port in the West Atlantic

  • about 60,000 to 70,000 French-speaking people, and less than 1,000 British in Quebec

  • The Quebec Act

  • fighting broke out between colonists and the British

  • American Revolution

  • The British finally surrendered to the Americans

  • Constitutional Act

  • Act of Union

  • Lord Elgin

  • 1837

    violence broke out between the supporters of Papineau and the government