Chapter 8 and 10 Timeline

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  • 7 Years War

    The Seven Years War started in a flurry of diplomatic activity which resulted in a diplomatic revolution and the reversal of the alliances of the War of the Austrian Succession. First Britain and Prussia formed an alliance
  • Australia's Independence

    the Foundation day, Australia day marks the landing of the First Fleet on 26 January 1788 under Captain Arthur Phillip when he became the first governor after gaining sovereignty over the colony of New South Wales.
  • Revolution in Haiti

    The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony.
  • Northern Ireland Becomes Independent

    they will insist that conflict-ridden Northern Ireland is a Scottish responsibility. Most of the Protestant majority in Ulster emigrated there in the 17th century from the self-governing kingdom of Scotland, which is only 12 miles away from Northern Ireland's County Antrim by sea.
  • Mexico's Independence

    The independence movement started in earnest the moment Napoleon III, through political sleight-of-hand, proclaimed his brother Joseph Bonapart King of Spain.
  • Brazil's independence

    Brazil with its unique attributes including having had a reigning monarch and an empire boosts of a relatively bloodless independence from Portugal. The Brazilian did not have to fight tooth and nail nor did it create any revolt.
  • Battle of Ayacucho

    It freed Peru and ensured the independence of the nascent South American republics from Spain. The revolutionary forces, numbering about 6,000 men
  • Battle of Navarino

    A combined fleet of British, French and Russian ships under Admiral Sir Edward Codrington decisively defeated the Turco-Egyptian fleet of Ibrahim Pasha in the bay of Navarino, on the west coast of the Morea.
  • Canada's Independence

    A movement for a greater Canadian federation grew out of the need for a common defense, the desire for a national railroad system, and the necessity of finding a solution to the problem of French and British conflict.
  • Mexican American War

    Fighting ended when U.S. Gen. Winfield Scott occupied Mexico City on Sept. 14, 1847; a few months later a peace treaty was signed (Feb. 2, 1848) at Guadalupe Hidalgo. In addition to recognizing the U.S. annexation of Texas defeated Mexico ceded California and , New Mexico (including all the present-day states of the Southwest) to the United States.
  • End of Italian Unification

    The movement to unite Italy into one cultural and political entity was known as the Risorgimento. Giuseppe Mazzini and his leading pupil, Giuseppe Garibaldi, failed in their attempt to create an Italy united by democracy.
  • Crimean War

    The more immediate occasion was a dispute between Russia and France over the Palestinian holy places. Challenging the claim of Russia to guardianship of the holy places, France in 1852 secured from Sultan Abd al-Majid certain privileges for the Latin churches.
  • Start of Civil War

    Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, officially signaling the start of the American Civil War. A gathering of nationally respected legal scholars and historians will consider the constitutional issues raised by the conflict during a daylong conference at the Rutgers School of Law–Camden
  • End of Civil War

    I have always thought that the war ended with the signing of the treaty at Appomattox in April, 1865. I know there was a mop-up operation after that, but it was nothing major.
  • Austro-Prussian War

    On the side of the Austrians were Saxony, Hanover, the Hesses, Bavaria and Baden, and Wurttemberg. Prussia was supported by only a few small North German states and Italy.
  • Franco-Prussian War

    The underlying causes of the conflict were the determination of the Prussian statesman Prince Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck to unify Germany under Prussian control and, as a step toward this goal, to eliminate French influence over Germany.
  • Dreyfus Affair in France

    condemned for passing military secrets to the Germans, is stripped of his rank in a humiliating public ceremony in the courtyard of Paris' Ecole Militaire.