Latin America History

  • Jan 1, 1325


    The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today.
  • Mar 1, 1519

    Hernando Cotes

    Hernando Cotes
    Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico. Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan.
  • Jesuit State

    Jesuit State
    Jesuit state of Paraguay is established.
  • Santiago, Chile

    Santiago, Chile
    Santiago, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake.
  • Spanish establish viceroyalty

    Spanish establish viceroyalty
    Spanish establish viceroyalty of New Granada, encompassing all territory between Orinoco and Amazon Rivers.
  • Peruvian Indians

    Peruvian Indians
    Peruvian Indians rebel against Spain.
  • Haiti

    Haiti splits into two.
  • Argentina

    Argentina declares independence.
  • Brazil invades Uruguay

    Brazil invades Uruguay
    In 1816 Portuguese troops invaded Uruguay again. Artigas Pueyrredón offered to help but he refused.
  • Chile

    Chile declares independence.
  • Adam-Onis Treaty

    Adam-Onis Treaty
    Adam-Onis Treaty: U.S.-Mexico boundary established by Spain and the United States.
  • Mexico got its independence

    Mexico got its independence
    Mexico achieved its independence from Spain under Agustin Iturbide.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    United States wins the Mexican-American War.
  • The War of The Pacific

    The War of The Pacific
    Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades arguing over a border dispute. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. After a series of major battles at sea and on land, the Chileans were victorious.
  • President Woodrow Wilson

    President Woodrow Wilson
    President Woodrow Wilson sends troops to Veracruz, Mexico, in an effort to depose Victoriano Huerta, who soon resigns.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal is a land bridge that connects the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. The canal made possible the exchange of both goods and ideas.
  • United Provinces of Central America

    United Provinces of Central America
    Central America have been governed by Mexico then they declared independence from Mexico and became the United Provinces.
  • Cuba's population

    Cuba's population
    Cuba's population grows from 1.6 million in 1899 to 4 million, thanks to European immigration and improved health care.
  • Tortilla Flat

    Tortilla Flat
    Novelist John Steinbeck publishes Tortilla Flat, a novel about Mexican American life in the United States.
  • Harry S. Truman

    Harry S. Truman
    Harry S. Truman becomes the first president to visit Mexico City, laying a wreath at the foot of the U.S.-Mexican war monument to the Niños Heroes.
  • Architect Oscar Niemeyer

    Architect Oscar Niemeyer
    Oscar Niemeyer designed the buildings for the new capital of Brasilia, which was built in the interior of Brazil.
  • César Chávez

    César Chávez
    César Chávez organizes the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) in Delano, California.
  • Nicaragua's Hurricane

    Nicaragua's Hurricane
    Due to its slow motion from October 29 to November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amounts of rainfall in Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Deaths due to flooding made it the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history; nearly 11,000 people were killed with over 11,000 left missing by the end of 1998.
  • Alberto Fujimori

    Alberto Fujimori
    Alberto Fujimori resigns as president of Peru.
  • Vicente Fox

    Vicente Fox
    Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. Many Mexicans thought he was a good leader for their country.
  • Chile's Miners

    Chile's Miners
    Chile rescues 33 Miners trapped underground for 69 days. It was something that never has happened in history.