Latin America

  • May 6, 1492

    Christopher Columbus discovers America.

    Christopher Columbus discovers America.
    Christopher Comubus discovers America. He thought he had reached India, so he started calling the native americans that resided here indians.
  • Jan 6, 1494

    Treaty of Torsedillas is signed.

    Treaty of Torsedillas is signed.
    Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty or Torsedillas. This treaty agreed that Spain would acquire the land west of an imaginary line, and Portugal would acquire the East. It turned out that Brazil belinged to Portugal, and the rest of South America belonged to Spain.
  • Jan 9, 1496

    Spaniard find Santo Domingo.

    Spaniards founded the town of Santo Domingo. It was founded because the first town was wiped out by native americans. The Spaniards that were in the first town where moved to Santo Domingo.
  • Jan 7, 1507

    First Map of America is made

    First Map of America is made
    A German cartographer publishes the first map of America. He names the New World America in honor of Amerigo Vespucci.
  • Period: Jan 9, 1507 to Jan 9, 1576

    Smallpox Epidemic

    Along with their goods, settlers brought diseases with them, including smallpox. The disease was spread everywhere, from Mexico to Peru. Smallpox ended many of the native american's lives.
  • Jan 7, 1520

    Tenochitlan is conquered by Spain.

    Tenochitlan is conquered by Spain.
    Moctezuma II dies, so Cuitlahuac takes over the empire, but resigns only 80 days after and dies of smallpox. Cuauhtemoc takes over, and continues to resist to the Spaniards.
  • Jan 9, 1521

    Sugar plants in Brazil.

    Sugar plants in Brazil.
    A colonist plants sugar in Brazil. This is important because later on, sugar will become and important export of the country.
  • Jan 7, 1542

    Spanish passes "The New Laws"

    Spanish passes "The New Laws"
    Las Nuevas Leyes (the new laws) are passed to protect the Indians. They included:
    1) No slavement of Indians.
    2)Indians would be considered free people.
    3)If the indians worked, they would have to be paid.
  • Jan 7, 1572

    The Inca empire ends.

    Francisco Pizarro ends the Inca empire by capturing and executing their leader. After this, the Spaniards destroyed their traditions, and made them work in bad conditions. After a few years, most of the Inca were killed because of the working conditions, and diseases.
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution.

    Slaves revolted in Haiti, which lead to the Haitian Revolution. This ended slavery and was thhe first republic ruled by people of african ancestry.
  • Period: to

    Spanish American Wars of Independence.

    Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin were the leaders of this war. Their strategy was that they started in different countries, and recruited people in the army until they had reached the town they were going to conquer. After doing this, the two met up at a big city and forced the Royal Army of the Spanish Crown to surrender.
  • Haiti splits into two.

    Haiti was under french rule, and the Dominican Republic was under the spanish rule. They split into two because of their different traditions and customs.
  • Chile declares independence from Spain.

    Chile declares independence from Spain.
    Chile declares indepence from Spain with O'Higgings as the first president. The war for independence had three stages: Patria Vieja, Reconquista, and Patria Nueva.
  • Mexico declares war.

    Mexico declares war.
    Priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declares war agaisnt Spain. He thought this was needed because of what happened in the Peninsula War.
  • Colombia abolishes slavery.

    Since Spaniards had brought slaves to Colombia to work, Combia's government got tired of seeing slaves working on its fields. Colombia abolished slavery and made everyone who "owned" a slave grant their freedom.
  • Gran Colombia is made.

    Gran Colombia is made.
    Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador unite to form Gran Colombia with Bolivar as president.
  • Nueva Espana declares themselves the United Provinces of Central America.

    The former nations of Nueva Espana (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) declare themselves a country.
  • Mexico makes a constitution.

    The constitution was made after the overthrow of the spanish goverment.
  • Ten independent nations in Latin America.

    There are ten independent countries in Latin America: Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Haiti, Paraguay, La Plata, Brazil, and the population of Latin America is about 20 million.
  • The United Provinces of Central America is banished.

    The United Provinces of Central America is banished.
    The United Provinces of Central America split into what is now Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. They dissolved because a Civil War started and Nicaragua broke off from the nation. Honduras and Costa Rica followed, and eventually, all of the states were no longer a part of the country.