French English Realtions Timeline FTW

  • Battle of the Plains of Abraham

    The battle of the Plains of Abraham was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. 13 September 1759 it was fought between the British Army and the French Army on land outside Quebec City owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin. This was important because it was when the British Triumphed over the French and gained control over New France.
  • Period: to

    French English Relations in Canada

  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris was signed by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France, and Spain. It ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years War. The treaty was the beginning of a long period of British dominance outside Europe.
  • Quebec Act is Passed

    Quebec Act is Passed
    The Quebec Act of 1774 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain that established the way that quebec was to be governed. This was important because it established quebec as a mostly Roman Catholic province that was recignized as french speaking
  • American War Of Independence

    The American War of Independence started as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and started a global war between European great powers. This was an important turning point for Canada because it seperated Americans from Canadians and also the English from the French.
  • Act of Union

    The Act of Union was an Act that combined Upper And Lower canada to create one single entity. This was largely based off of Lord Durhams report which stated that there was too much seperation between the French and the English and the
    Uniting would make Canada better.
  • Red River Rebellion

    Red River Rebellion
    The Red River Rebellion was an uprising the the Metis people against the Canadian governement. They felt oppressed and wanted more rights and distinction as a people. They wanted to be able to govern themselves and keep their land. This was an important moment for Canada because they were a French speaking people and wanted certain rights, just like Quebec.
  • Confederation

    The Canadian confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed. Three British colonies were formed into four provinces in Canada. The British Province of Canada were divided into the new Canadian provinces Ontario and Quebec. As well two British colonies, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It was important because it was the beginning of Canada and the creation of the different provinces.
  • Province of Manitoba is created

    Province of Manitoba is created
    The name Manitoba is believed to be from the aboriginal language Cree Manitoba became a province of Canada in 1870 after the Red River Rebellion. This led to the creation of what would become the New Democratic Party of Manitoba, one of the province's major political partys. This was another step towards multicultural recognition in Canada that for the most part failed due to the oppression of the Metis people.
  • Northwest Rebellion

    The North-West Rebellion was a short and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against the Dominion of Canada. They wanted to gain more recognition as a nation but were shut down by the man.
  • Manitoba Schools Question

    Manitoba Schools Question
    The Manitoba Schools Question was a political crisis in Manitoba in the 19th century involving publicly funded separate schools for French and English. In the end French was no longer considered an official language in most of western Canadian which led to a strengthening of French Canadian nationality. This is important because it signifies the feling of seperation between eastern and western Canada.
  • World War I

    After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand the majority of Europe was thrown into a Great war that lasted 4 years. This war caused many deaths for both sides and in canada's case, a strong sense of nationalism. After the war Canada was able to look back on kit's acoopmlishmetns and be proud of what happened. Canada had earned a new respect as a nation of its own in the world.
  • World War I Conscription Crisis

    World War I Conscription Crisis
    Due to the massive cost of the war, Canada was beginning to find itself struggling to maintain a constant stream of volunteers to fight in the war. So conscription started so that more troops could be recruited. The only problem with this was that French people in canada were expected to serve as well, however they did not necessarily belive in the cause. The reason canada was dragged into the war was because Britain was, and the french people were not very inclined to participate.
  • World War II Conscription Crisis

    World War II Conscription Crisis
    Similar to the conscription crisis of world war 1, more troops were needed for World War 2 and were beginning to be conscripted. fortunatly the effects of this were not as far reaching due to the fact that the war ended shortly afterwards and very few conscrips lost their lives.
  • Creation of the Parti Quebecois

    The Parti Puebecois advocates national sovereignty for the province of Quebec and secession from Canada. They are another important party for French canadians because their primary focus is on the seperation of Quebec.
  • FLQ Crisis

    FLQ Crisis
    In october 1970 the FLQ, a terrorist organization, used methods such as kidnapping and murdering Canadian officials in order to scare the public and spur the seperation of Quebec. This extremeist movement was alittle too much even for people supporting the seperation of Quebec, but it certainly provided insight into the strong desire of the French people to have change.
  • 1980 Referendum

    The referendum was held on 20 May 1980 to ask the people of Québec for a mandate to discuss a new agreement with the rest of Canada. Fulfilling the promise in 1976 to hold a referendum before making a change in Québec's status. The idea of a soverignty-association was rejected by 60% of voters, although about 50% of the francophones supported it. It was imporant because it was an attempt at giving Quebec more power, but it failed.
  • Patriation of the Constitution

    The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; It outlines Canada's system of government, as well as the civil rights of all Canadian citizens and those in Canada. Trudeau promised a new constitutional agreement if the province voted "No" to sovereignty-association. Which they did, which displeased Quebec but they did get around to making improvements to the Constitution which made an impact on French-English relations.
  • Constitutional act

    The Act was introduced for patriating the constitution. It introducrf several amendments to the British North America Act in 1867, changing the previous name in Canada to the Constitution Act in 1867. This was important because it changed the constitution in several ways and promoted more equality between the French and English people.
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Meech Lake Accord
    The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed changes to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney as well as Premier of Quebec Robert Bourassa. It was made to convince the government in the Province of Quebec to endorse the 1982 Canadian Constitution and increase support in Quebec for remaining within Canada. However, its rejection simply increased the resentment of the Quebecois.
  • Creation of the Bloc Quebecois

    Creation of the Bloc Quebecois
    The Bloc Quebecois protects Quebecs interests on a federal level and promotes it's soverignty. The Bloc is currently the third largest party in the Canadian House of Commons. They are an important party for Canada because they are strongly focused on French citizens of Canada and their interests.
  • Charlottetown Accord

    The Charlottetown Accord was introduced by the Canadian federal and provincial governments in 1992 that proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada. This was important because it was a way for Quebec to gain a distinct society status and more power within their own province.
  • Federal Election

    October 25 the House of Commons held an election to elect the members to the Canadian House of Commons of the 35th Parliament of Canada. Fourteen parties competed for the 295 seats in the House at that time. It was one of the most eventful elections in Canada's history due to the high stakes and the fate of Quebec.
  • 1995 Referendum

    The 1995 Quebec referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian province of Quebec whether Quebec should secede from Canada and become an independent state.
    This was important because it was another att3mp3t at seperation for Quebec which would alter their futrue.