The XIX century in Spain

  • Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria

    (Badajoz, May 12, 1767 - Paris, October 4, 1851) was a Spanish nobleman and politician, prime minister and favorite of Charles IV between 1792 and 1797, and again from 1801-1808. It was Duke of Alcudia and Swedish and Prince of Peace, for his negotiation of the Peace of Basel (1795), title it that years after Ferdinand and Godoy replace outlaw, and in exile, by the Italian Prince Bassano.
  • Rafael Maroto Yserns.

    He was born in the town of Lorca Murcia (Spain) on October 15, 1783 and died in Valparaiso (Chile) on August 25, 1853. Son of Rafael Maroto, a native of Zamora. At 18 he was involved in the conflict and Godoy campaigns known as War of the Oranges. He participated in the Spanish War of Independence, during which he was wounded and taken prisoner in Zaragoza. He received a destination in Peru and later fought in the war against the Chilean independence was defeated by the Army of the Andes.
  • Fernando VII de Borbón

    Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and from 1813 to 1833 – the latter period in dispute with Joseph Bonaparte. He was known as "Ferdinand the Desired" or "The felon king". The eldest surviving son of Charles IV, King of Spain, and of his wife Maria Luisa of Parma.
  • Party government of Fernando VII (beginning and end)

    With the defeat of Napoleon's armies and the expulsion of Joseph Bonaparte, Fernando VII reigned. Between 1814 and 1820 restored absolutism, repealing the Constitution of Cadiz and chasing liberals. In 1820 began the so-called Liberal Triennium, during which restored the Constitution and the decrees of Cadiz, producing a new confiscation. The last phase of his reign, the call reestablishment.
  • Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón.

    (Madrid, March 29, 1788 - Trieste, March 10, 1855), Infante of Spain and Count of Molina, was the first Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne, under the name of Charles V. He was the second son of Charles IV and Maria Luisa of Parma and brother of Fernando VII. He was also known as Don Carlos.
  • Joaquín Baldomero Fernández-Espartero Álvarez de Toro

    He was a Spanish general, who held the titles of Prince of Vergara, Duc de la Victoria, Duke of Morella, Luchana Count and Viscount de Banderas, all in return for his work in the field, especially in War Carlista, where your army Elizabethan or cristino was vital to the final victory. In addition, he served as Viceroy of Navarre (1836).
  • El Motín de Aranjuez

    The Mutiny of Aranjuez was an uprising occurred on March 17-18, 1808 in the streets of this town Madrid. It triggered due to several causes, including the consequences of the defeat of Trafalgar which fell mainly in the lower classes. To this must be added the discontent of the nobility, impatience for reign of Fernando VII, the action of the officers of Napoleon and the intrigues of the Court.
  • Abdication of Charles IV

    The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of kings of Spain that led to the Peninsular War.
    The failed El Escorial Conspiracy preceded the Mutiny of Aranjuez which forced king Charles IV to abdicate and give the throne to his son, Ferdinand VII by order of the Spanish Royal Council.
  • José I Bonaparte

    He was a politician, diplomat and French lawyer, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsica deputy in the Council of Five Hundred (1797-1799) and secretary of the same, and again in the Legislature (1799-1800), minister plenipotentiary and member Council of State (1800-1804), Prince and Great Elector's First French Empire (1804-1806), King of Naples from March 30, 1806 and July 5, 1808 and King of Spain occupied by the French between 1808 and 1813.
  • Leopoldo O'Donnell.

    January 12, 1809 - Biarritz, was a noble Spanish military and political, Grandee of Spain as Duke of Tetuan, I Count of Lucena and I Viscount of Aliaga.
    He chaired the Council of Ministers, after the progressive biennium Baldomero Espartero in 1856, and in 1858-1863, and in 1865-1866, during the reign of Elizabeth II.
  • Francisco Serrano

    He was born on December 17, 1810 on the island of Leon. Son of a prominent liberal military and relatives in the nobility that was born at the Royal Lion Island is due to his father's participation in the Cortes of Cadiz, studied at the famous College de Vergara, created by the society of Friends of the Country, and the twelve he began his military career as a cadet Sagunto Cavalry Regiment, moving in 1829 to Prince Cavalry Regiment and in 1830, with the rank of lieutenant, the Carabineros de Co
  • The Spanish Constitution of 1812

    The Spanish Constitution of 1812, popularly known as Pepa, was enacted by the Parliament of Spain, collected extraordinary in Cadiz, March 19, 1812. It has given a great historical importance as it was the first constitution promulgated in Spain, besides being one of the most liberal of his time.
  • Matthew Mariano Praxedes Sagasta.

    Madrid, January 5, 1903 was a civil engineer and Spanish politician, member of the Liberal Party, Progressive Tint, several times President of the Council of Ministers in the period between 1870 and 1902 and famous for his rhetorical gifts.
  • Manuel Pavia and Rodriguez de Alburquerque.

    Cadiz, August 2, 1827 - Madrid, January 4, 1895. Spanish General coup which ended in practice with the First Spanish Republic.
    In the collective imagination has been entered into Congress astride his horse, the horse "Pavia". However, this does not really happen.
  • Antonio Canovas del Castillo.

    It was a Spanish politician and historian, President of the Council of Ministers of Spain for most of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, nephew of the writer and Arabist Serafin Estébanez Calderón.
    It was one of the most influential figures of the Spanish policy in the second half of the nineteenth century as the largest maker of the political system of the Restoration, becoming the leader of the Conservative party. It is considered one of the most brilliant political conservative conte
  • Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.

    Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Palermo, April 27, 1806 - Sainte-Adresse, August 22, 1878) was Queen of Spain for her marriage to King Ferdinand VII in 1829 and regent of Spain, between 1833 and 1840, for part of the minority of her daughter queen Elizabeth II of Spain.
  • Arsenio Martínez-Campos Anton.

    Segovia, Spain, December 14, 1831 - Zarauz, Spain, September 23, 1900 was a military man and Spanish politician, author of the military takeover meant Bourbon Restoration in Spain.
    Born in Segovia on December 14, 1831. In 1852 he joined the staff of the Army. He participated in the War of Africa (1859 - 1860) and the Anglo-Spanish expedition against Mexico-France in 1862, both times under the command of Juan Prim.
  • Isabel II

    The reign of Elizabeth II is the period of contemporary history of Spain from the death of Fernando VII in 1833 and the triumph of the Revolution of 1868 that forced the queen to go into exile. His reign is divided into two stages: the minority (1833-1843) and the effective reign begins with the declaration by Parliament in 1843 to advance his majority when he was only thirteen.
  • The Spanish Constitution of 1837

    The Spanish Constitution of 1837 was enacted in Spain during the regency of María Cristina de Borbón. It was an initiative of the Progressive Party to approve a constitution of consensus with the Moderate Party to allow the alternation of the two liberal parties without change every time the government had to change the Constitution.
  • Creating Civil Guard 1844.

    The Guardia Civil, the Meritorious popularly called, is the first body of national public safety in Spain. It was founded by the second Duke of Ahumada, Francisco Javier Girón y Ezpeleta in 1844. Army, is a military nature, according to the provisions of the Organic Law 2/86 of March 13, is part of the Security Forces of the State. As such, the Constitution, in Article 104, he fixed the primary mission of protecting the free exercise of the rights and freedoms of the Spanish and ensure public sa
  • The Spanish Constitution of 1845.

    It was the supreme law effective during the reign of Isabel II, which replaced the 1837 Constitution supreme law during his minority. The Constitution of 1845 was in force until the proclamation of the Spanish constitution of 1869, although there were several attempts to replace it in 1852 and during the biennium progressive. It was the Spanish doctrinaire constitutional expression. It puts the beginning of the decade moderate, after completing the period of regency and declared in 1843 the majo
  • Pablo Iglesias Posse

    Born of the Church Paulino Posse, Ferrol, October 18, 1850 Madrid, December 9, 1925) was a Spanish politician marxista1, founder of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE) and the General Union of Workers (UGT). Considered the father of socialism in Spain, the figure of Pablo Iglesias is claimed and maintained by the Fundación Pablo Iglesias.
  • Vicalvarada 1854.

    The pronouncement Vicalvarada was a "progressive" military, led by General Leopoldo O'Donnell and Sweet Sunday against the moderate government. Consequence of the coup ended the decade moderate progressives gain power (1854-1856), which is called the progressive biennium
    The uprising occurred on June 28, 1854, troops of the rebels face the government in Vicálvaro (town near Madrid). With the Revolution, Espartero also progressive liberal, was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers and O'
  • Alfonso XII of Bourbon, called the Peacemaker.

    Madrid, November 28, 1857, El Pardo, November 25, 1885, was King of Spain between 1874 and 1885, was the son of Queen Elizabeth II of Spain and, officially, her husband, Francisco de Asís de Borbón. Born Juan Pio Franz Ferdinand Alfonso Maria de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo de Borbón y Borbón. Kingdom after the Bourbon Restoration, until his untimely death at age 27, a victim of tuberculosis. He was succeeded on the throne by his posthumous son, Alfonso XIII of Spain, whose minority was led by
  • Maria Cristina of Hapsburg-Lorraine.

    Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas von Habsburg-Lothringen Rainiera, popularly known as Doña Virtues, Brno, Moravia, July 21, 1858 - Palacio Real de Madrid, Madrid, February 6, 1929) was the second wife of King Alfonso XII and regent of Spain on behalf of their minor son Alfonso XIII. By birth was Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia. Maternally kept relationship with the Spanish and Austrian royal families, since it was granddaughter o
  • Triumphant Revolution of 1868

    Elections were held for a Constituent Assembly, celebrated on January 15, 1869, which dominated the winning parties in the revolution, as progressives reached 160 seats, the Union Liberal Democrats 80 and 40. Also got large number of deputies Republicans, 80, were in the minority and the Carlists, 36.
  • Juan Prim.

    Count of Reus, Marquis of Castillejos and Viscount of Bruch, was a Spanish military and political liberal nineteenth century who became President of the Council of Ministers of Spain. In his military life participated in the First Carlist War and the War of Africa, where relevant showed leadership, courage and fearlessness. After the Revolution of 1868 became one of the most influential men in Spain at the time, sponsoring the enthronement of the House of Savoy in the person of Amadeo I. He was
  • The First Spanish Republic.

    It was the political regime that existed in Spain since its proclamation by the Cortes on February 11, 1873, until December 29, 1874, when the pronouncement of General Martinez-Campos opened the Bourbon Restoration in Spain. The first attempt in the history of Republican Spain was a short experience, characterized by political instability. In the first eleven months, four presidents of the executive branch, all the same Federal Republican, until the coup of General Pavia of January 3, 1874 ended
  • Amadeo Fernando Maria of Savoy.

    Ibid, Italy, 18 January 1890 was King of Spain between 1870 and 1873 with the name of Amadeo I, called the King Knight, and first Duke of Aosta. His reign in Spain, just over two years, was marked by political instability. The six cabinets that occurred during this period were not able to resolve the crisis, aggravated by the conflict for independence in Cuba, which had begun in 1868, and a new Carlist War, which began in 1872.
  • Nicolas Salmeron Alonso.

    Alhama la Seca, Almería, April 10, 1838 - Pau, France, September 20, 1908 was a Spanish politician and philosopher, executive chairman of the First Spanish Republic for six weeks in 1873, a position he resigned citing problems of conscience before signing a death sentences. He was Professor of World History at the University of Oviedo and Metaphysics at the University of Madrid. He was student of Krause theories, that inspired the Free Institution of Education.