Emperor Justinian-he was a Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565.
-he sought to revive the fading western half of clasic rome
-he formed Corpus Juris Civilis the basis to most civil law
Clovis-most of the Western Roman Empire had been replaced by states ruled by German Kings such as Clovis
-he established a powerful Frankish kingdom that streched from the Pyreness in the southwest to German lands in the east
Jan 1, 622
Hijrah-the journy muhammad and his followers took from Mecca to Medina
-this event marks the first year on the islamic calander
Jan 1, 632
Jan 1, 633
Abu Bakr-Sucessor to Muhammad
-Wealthy merchant who was muhammad's father in law
-Under Abu Bakar's rule The islamic movent began to grow
conqured the entire persian empire by 650
Jan 1, 661
Umayyads-Led by Mu’awiyah-Created the Caliphate (office of the Caliph)-Moved the Capitol from Madina to Damascus in Syria-Arab empire spreads throughout North Africa and into Spain
Jan 1, 661
Jan 1, 742
Charlemagne-Charlemagne (Charles theGreat) was born on April 2, 742, in NorthernEurope.
-"By the sword and the cross," he became master of Western Europe.
-Through his enlightened leadership the roots of learning and order were restored to Medieval Europe
Jan 1, 750
Abbasid-Abu al-Abbas was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad’s uncle.
-Capitol moved from Damascus to Baghdad
-Golden age of the Arab Empires
-Caliph Harun al-Rashid embraced art and literature
-Center of trade
Jan 1, 762
Jan 1, 800
Golden Age of Islamic Society-During this time period the Muslim world became an intellectual center for science, philosophy, medicine and education
-it began with the biulding of Baghdad and lasted up to 1258 (the Mongol conquest of Baghdad)
-this was also a period of great advancement in the arts and arcitecture
Jan 1, 800
Fudalism-There is no reliable money to have a system of payment for service.-So Kings had to establish a system of payment to ensure their lands were protected.
-there was a ranking system as to how things were run first kings then nobles followed by lords then came knights and lastly pesents
Jan 1, 962
Holy Roman Empire-The Holy Roman Empire proclaimed itself to be the successor of the Western Roman Empire under the doctrine of translatio imperii
- the Empire consisted of hundreds of smaller sub-units, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities and other domains
- Otto was the first emperor of the realm who was not a member of the earlier Carolingian dynasty
-The last Holy Roman Emperor was Francis II
Jan 1, 1000
Seljuk Turks-Hired by the Fatimid Dynasty
-They were nomadic people that converted to Islam and prospered in the Abbasid Empire
-Slowly the Seljuk Turks began to grow more powerful and eventually conquered Baghdad
-The Sultan (holder of power) became the political leader and the Caliph became the spiritual leader
Jan 1, 1066
William of Normandy-defeated king Harold with a army of heavly armed knights at the battle of Hastings.
-William was then crowned king
- he combined Anglo-Saxon and Nrman institutions to create a new England
Jan 1, 1066
Battle Of Hastings-Battle that took place between William of Normandy And King Harold
- William's heavly armed knights were able to defeat King Harold's soldiers giving him the right to the crown
Jan 1, 1088
Pope Urban II
Jan 1, 1096
Crusades-1050 A.D. the Seljuk Turks invaded theByzantine Empire.
-The Turks had converted to Islam and had taken almost all Byzantine lands in Asia Minor as well as the Holy Land (Jerusalem).
-Religious Goal: Recapture the holy land-Military Goal: Stop Muslim attacks on the Byzantine Empire-Political Goal: Demonstrate how the Catholic Church was stronger than the Orthodox Church
Jan 1, 1096
Crusades-Trade: Merchants who lived in the Early Crusader states expanded trade as far as southeast Asia benefitting all in Europe.
-Society: For those who remained home, especially women, the Crusades gave them the opportunity to manage affairs on the estate or operate shops and inns on their own
-The Church: With the failure of almost all the Crusades the Church’s power in Europe began to decline.
Jan 1, 1160
The Mongols in the Middle East-Where a nomadic civilization
-Kublai Khan’s brother Hulegu conquered and destroyed Baghdad
-Hulegu hated Muslims
-Over time Mongol rulers intermarried with the Arabs and converted to Islam
-The Arab empire begins to collapse and the center Islamic Civilization moves to Egypt
Jan 1, 1199
King John-During his rule, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire
-The baronial revolt at the end of his rulen led to the signing of the Magna Carta
Jan 1, 1215
Magna Carta-a group of nobles Cornered King John a meadow and Forced him to put his seal to a document called the Magna Carta on June 1215 in Runnymede, outside of London
7 Ideas of The Magna Carta
-King has to obey the law-The king can be removed from power if he doesn’t obey the law-Must consult nobles before raising taxes-He cannot take peoples private property-Leave Church matters to the Pope-Due Process of Law
Trial by Jury
Jan 1, 1300
Cairo-By the fourteenth century the Mongol empire had begun to split into seprate kingdoms
-Due to the destruction of Baghdad a new capitol city was needed so the Mongols established one in Cairo, Egypt
Jan 1, 1348
The Black Death-one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350
-it travelled along the Silk Road and reached the Crimea by 1346.
-the Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60 percent of Europe's population
- It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover
Jan 1, 1453
Roman Empire-characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia
-After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century, the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine Empire.
Jan 1, 1480