The Middle Ages

  • 330

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
  • 482

    Emperor Justinian

    Emperor Justinian
    -he was a Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565.
    -he sought to revive the fading western half of clasic rome
    -he formed Corpus Juris Civilis the basis to most civil law
  • 500

    Clovis

    Clovis
    -most of the Western Roman Empire had been replaced by states ruled by German Kings such as Clovis
    -he established a powerful Frankish kingdom that streched from the Pyreness in the southwest to German lands in the east
  • Jan 1, 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    -the journy muhammad and his followers took from Mecca to Medina
    -this event marks the first year on the islamic calander
  • Jan 1, 632

    Prophet Muhammad

    Prophet Muhammad
  • Jan 1, 633

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    -Sucessor to Muhammad
    -Wealthy merchant who was muhammad's father in law
    -Under Abu Bakar's rule The islamic movent began to grow
    conqured the entire persian empire by 650
  • Jan 1, 661

    Umayyads

    Umayyads
    -Led by Mu’awiyah-Created the Caliphate (office of the Caliph)-Moved the Capitol from Madina to Damascus in Syria-Arab empire spreads throughout North Africa and into Spain
  • Jan 1, 661

    Damascus

    Damascus
  • Jan 1, 742

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne
    -Charlemagne (Charles theGreat) was born on April 2, 742, in NorthernEurope.
    -"By the sword and the cross," he became master of Western Europe.
    -Through his enlightened leadership the roots of learning and order were restored to Medieval Europe
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasid

    Abbasid
    -Abu al-Abbas was a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad’s uncle.
    -Capitol moved from Damascus to Baghdad
    -Golden age of the Arab Empires
    -Caliph Harun al-Rashid embraced art and literature
    -Center of trade
  • Jan 1, 762

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
  • Jan 1, 800

    Golden Age of Islamic Society

    Golden Age of Islamic Society
    -During this time period the Muslim world became an intellectual center for science, philosophy, medicine and education
    -it began with the biulding of Baghdad and lasted up to 1258 (the Mongol conquest of Baghdad)
    -this was also a period of great advancement in the arts and arcitecture
  • Jan 1, 800

    Fudalism

    Fudalism
    -There is no reliable money to have a system of payment for service.-So Kings had to establish a system of payment to ensure their lands were protected.
    -there was a ranking system as to how things were run first kings then nobles followed by lords then came knights and lastly pesents
  • Jan 1, 962

    Holy Roman Empire

    Holy Roman Empire
    -The Holy Roman Empire proclaimed itself to be the successor of the Western Roman Empire under the doctrine of translatio imperii
    - the Empire consisted of hundreds of smaller sub-units, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities and other domains
    - Otto was the first emperor of the realm who was not a member of the earlier Carolingian dynasty
    -The last Holy Roman Emperor was Francis II
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Seljuk Turks

    Seljuk Turks
    -Hired by the Fatimid Dynasty
    -They were nomadic people that converted to Islam and prospered in the Abbasid Empire
    -Slowly the Seljuk Turks began to grow more powerful and eventually conquered Baghdad
    -The Sultan (holder of power) became the political leader and the Caliph became the spiritual leader
  • Jan 1, 1066

    William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    -defeated king Harold with a army of heavly armed knights at the battle of Hastings.
    -William was then crowned king
    - he combined Anglo-Saxon and Nrman institutions to create a new England
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Battle Of Hastings

    Battle Of Hastings
    -Battle that took place between William of Normandy And King Harold
    - William's heavly armed knights were able to defeat King Harold's soldiers giving him the right to the crown
  • Jan 1, 1088

    Pope Urban II

    Pope Urban II
  • Jan 1, 1096

    Crusades

    Crusades
    -1050 A.D. the Seljuk Turks invaded theByzantine Empire.
    -The Turks had converted to Islam and had taken almost all Byzantine lands in Asia Minor as well as the Holy Land (Jerusalem).
    Goals
    -Religious Goal: Recapture the holy land-Military Goal: Stop Muslim attacks on the Byzantine Empire-Political Goal: Demonstrate how the Catholic Church was stronger than the Orthodox Church
  • Jan 1, 1096

    Crusades

    Crusades
    -Trade: Merchants who lived in the Early Crusader states expanded trade as far as southeast Asia benefitting all in Europe.
    -Society: For those who remained home, especially women, the Crusades gave them the opportunity to manage affairs on the estate or operate shops and inns on their own
    -The Church: With the failure of almost all the Crusades the Church’s power in Europe began to decline.
  • Jan 1, 1160

    The Mongols in the Middle East

    The Mongols in the Middle East
    -Where a nomadic civilization
    -Kublai Khan’s brother Hulegu conquered and destroyed Baghdad
    -Hulegu hated Muslims
    -Over time Mongol rulers intermarried with the Arabs and converted to Islam
    -The Arab empire begins to collapse and the center Islamic Civilization moves to Egypt
  • Jan 1, 1199

    King John

    King John
    -During his rule, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire
    -The baronial revolt at the end of his rulen led to the signing of the Magna Carta
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    -a group of nobles Cornered King John a meadow and Forced him to put his seal to a document called the Magna Carta on June 1215 in Runnymede, outside of London

    7 Ideas of The Magna Carta
    -King has to obey the law-The king can be removed from power if he doesn’t obey the law-Must consult nobles before raising taxes-He cannot take peoples private property-Leave Church matters to the Pope-Due Process of Law
    Trial by Jury
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Cairo

    Cairo
    -By the fourteenth century the Mongol empire had begun to split into seprate kingdoms
    -Due to the destruction of Baghdad a new capitol city was needed so the Mongols established one in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    -one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350
    -it travelled along the Silk Road and reached the Crimea by 1346.
    -the Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60 percent of Europe's population
    - It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Roman Empire

    Roman Empire
    -characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia
    -After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century, the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1480

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition