5 et 6 octobre 1789

The French Revolution - NSS CHY4O1B1

  • Period: to

    Moderate Phase

  • Louis calls for meeting of estates general

  • Estates General Convenes at Versailles

  • Period: to

    Great Fear

    Peasents rise up and seize land from their landlords. They were for the most part successful.
  • Formation Of The National Assembly

    Delegates from the Third Estate refused to negotiate until both other Estates would sit together with them. On June 17th, the Third Estate, together with some priests that joined them from the First Estate voted to call itself the National Assembly.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    National Assembly swears oath to "Bring about the regeneration of publlic order, and to maintain the true principles of the monarchy,"
  • Dismissal of Finance Minister Neckar and Army Sent to Paris

    In response to the formation of the National Assembly, King Louis XVI dismissed his Finance Minister and sent 18,000 soldiers to Paris.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    People feared the King would begin to use violence as his troops arrived in Paris
    Hundreds of people storm the Bastille in hopes of gaining weapons and ammunition to defend Paris
    Symbol of the fall of absolute power
  • Withdrawal of troops from Paris

    Louis reinstates finance minister
    Withdrawals his troops from Paris
    National Assembly is now free to meet without military intervention (628, A History of Western Society)
  • Abolishment of feudal priviledges

  • Parisien Women March On Versailles

    Around 7 thousand women marched to Versailles to demand that the King and Queen move o Paris and for the price of bread to be lowered.
  • Period: to

    National Assembly pushing for Constitutional Monarchy

    Louis agrees in 1790
  • Nationalize Catholic Church property

  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    Established national church with priests chosen by voters. *Specific date unknown
  • Louis accepts Constitutional Monarchy

  • John Barber invents the gas turbine.

    John Barber invents the gas turbine.
    John Barber invents the first true gas turbine and claims Patent for it. His invention had most of the elements present in the modern day gas turbines.
  • King and Queen Try to Escape

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette try and escape France to neighbouring Austria. They were caught, arrested and sent back to Paris. This inflamed the population as they believed that the King was not interested in the constitution and wanted to take France back by force. *Specific date unknown
  • Louis XVI accepted final consitution

    Louis XVI accepted the final version of the National Assembly's constiution. *Specific date unknown
  • Legislative Assembly met for the first time

    Consisted of prosperous, well-educated middle-class men who were younger and less reserved than their predecessors. *Specific date unknown Many members belonged to the political group known as the Jacobin Club - well educated radical republicans
  • France declared war on Francis II, the Habsburg monarch

    *Specific date unknown
  • The First Ambulance

    The First Ambulance
    "The Surgeon-in-Chief of the French Grand Army, "Baron Dominiquie Larrey" created the first official army medical corp. in 1792. Trained attendants with equipment moved out from the field hospitals to give first-aid to the wounded on the battlefield and/or carried them back by stretcher, hand-carts and wagons to the field hospitals."
  • Crowd attacked Tuileries

    King and Queen fled to Legislative Assembly in hopes of finding refuge, but instead he was suspended and imprisoned. Assembly also called for the National Convention to be elected by males.
  • September Massacre

    After King and Queen are imprisoned, rumours of how aristocrats and priests were going to seize the city led to many people being imprisoned. After hearing this, angry mobs slaughtered 1600 of these people after breaking into prisons.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

  • Creation of Committee of Public Safety

    Creation of Committee of Public Safety
    A de facto executive government created in France during the Reign of Terror. This committee of twelve revolutionary leaders were given supervisionary powers over legislative, judicial, and militial proceedings.
  • Storming of the Committee of Public Safety

    Storming of the Committee of Public Safety
    The Committee of Public Safety was originally run by the Girondists. On this date, the Sans-Culottes invade the convention and arrest 29 Girondist deputies for treason. Following this uprising, the Jacobins led by Robespierre take control of the Committee of Public Safety, making it possible to enforce the Terror.
  • French Constitution of 1793 is adopted

    French Constitution of 1793 is adopted
    The first republican constitution is ratified through a public referendum. It is heavily influenced by the Declaration of the Rights of Man, making the ideals into law.
  • Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat

    Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat
    Jean-Paul Marat, a radical politician and publisher is assassinated by Charlotte Corday, a Girondist who opposes Marat's praise of the guillotine. Corday killed him as he was taking a bath, and this image lasted as Marat was elevated to the status of a martyr.
  • Start of Reign of Terror

    Start of Reign of Terror
    Robspierre's use of extreme force to solidify the nation of France. By executing traitors and dissenters, Robspierre believed he could unite France and instill fear in it's enemies.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Terror

  • Declaration of a Revolutionary Government

    Declaration of a Revolutionary Government
    A Revolutionary Government is declared, effectively rendering the Constitution of 1793 useless.
  • Execution of Maire Antoinette

    Execution of Maire Antoinette
    The execution of the last Queen of France marked the true end of the monarchy
  • French Revolutionary Calendar Established

    French Revolutionary Calendar Established
    This calendar was created to convert the entirety of France into atheism, believing that religion had too much power, along with the royalists, and that breaking away from religious traditions was the best way to do this
  • National Convention prohibits women's clubs and societies

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    Intensification of Reign of Terror

    Between June 12th and July 28th almost 1300 people were sent to the Guillotine (an average of 28 beheadings a day).
  • 9 Thermidor

    9 Thermidor
    Robespierre is faced with disapproval at the National Convention. He is overthrown and jailed by radicals and moderates.
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    Thermidorian Reaction

  • The Execution of Robespierre (10 Thermidor)

    The Execution of Robespierre (10 Thermidor)
    Robespierre and 21 of his associates are executed with the guillotine at a public square called the Place de la Revolution.
  • Creation of the Directory

    After deputies of the National Assembly overthrew Robespierre's rule, a new body of five directors was put into power under the new Constitution of Year III.