The French Revolution

  • Louis Acends to the Throne

    Louis Acends to the Throne
    Louis succeeded to the throne when he was 19
  • The Flour War

    A series of uprisings in the northen, eastern and western parts of France protesting the rising price of bread
  • Turgot's Six Edicts

    Turgot Publishes his six edicts which include
    -Abolishment of unessecary offices
    -Free Trade of Grain
    -Monopolistic guilds to be abolished
    -Corvee rplaced with a general land tax
  • Calonne's Reforms

    consisted of 5 major points:
    1) Cut Government Spending
    2) Create a revival of free trade methods
    3) Authorize the sale of Church property
    4) Equalization of salt and tobacco taxes
    5) Establish a universal land tax
  • Brienne's Reforms

    Paris Parliment resisted reforms and Brienne had resinged by august 1788
  • Revolt of the Nobles

    Nobles incited riots Dijon and Bordeaux in the summer of 1788 and declared that only the Estates General could approve tax reforms
  • Meeting of the Estates General

  • National Assembly Declared

    The Third Estate renames itself the National Assembly as an act of solidarity in the face of the king
  • Tennis Court Oath

    After the National Assembly was locked out of their meeting hall the took shelter in a nearby tennis court and vowed not to disband untill they had formed a constitution
  • Storming Of the Bastille

    Due to roumers of an attack on the National Assenbly by Royalist troops a mob formed and stormed the Bastille in search of weapons in order to arm themselves
  • August Decrees

    To pacify the peasants in the wake of the Great Fear following the Storming of the Bastille the National Assembly the August Decrees were passed which also paved the way for the Declaration of Rights of Man. Many of these went about fixing the tax system of France.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

    Here the official aims of the revolution are set out which include the personal freedoms of speech and property and the right to a fair trial
  • The Women's March

    A mob of several thousand women marched to Versailles and forced the royals back to Paris. The king had to formally aknowledge the reforms of the National Assembly
  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    This limited the power of the church and the role of the church in government. The addition of an oath of loyalty which clergy had to sign was seen as too far, and this divided France, many Frenchman were deeply religious
  • Flight to Varennes

    The royal family attempted to escape France to Austria, but were stopped. This led to a massive loss in confidence in the French people and a spreading of Republicansim
  • The First Constitution

    This constitution limited the powers of the king in the new government but ultimatly set up a constitutional monarchy
  • National Assembly Renamed Legislature Assembly

    With the completion of a constitution the National Assembly is renamed
  • War with Austria

    War is declared against the first coalition, urged on by Girondan leader Brissot.
  • Brunswick Manifesto

    This threatend the destruction of Paris if the safety of the royals was not ensured. This backfires and anti monarchy feeling spreads, Robspierre calls for an end to the monarchy
  • Establishment of National Convention

    600 of Louis' Swiss Guard are massacred and Louis is arrested. Danton overthrows the Legislative Assembly and establishes the National Convention.
  • September Massacres

    Fulled by fears of an invasion and by the writings of Jean Paul Marat the prisons were opened and around 1300 prisoners were exicuted.
  • Victory at Valmy

    This surprising victory against the Austrian and Prussian forces gave the National Convention the confidence to declare the Republic
  • Republic Declared

    The constitutional monarchy is replaced by a republic
  • Louis Exicuted

    Louis is very narrowly found guilty of treason and sentenced to death
  • Committee for Public Safety Established

    The Committee of Public Safety succeeded the previous Committee of General Defence. It was created in a time of danger for the revolution, it was facing both war with Austria and war in the Vendee.
  • Law of Suspects Passed

    This law allowed the arrest of suspected or likely enemies of the revolution, its powers were increased with the law of 22 Prairial
  • Massacre in the Vendee

    From January to May around 20 000 to 50 000 Vendeans were massacred by Republican troops under order from the Committee of Public Safety
  • Cult of the Supreme Being

    The cult was Robspiere's way of de-christianising France yet still keeping a moral foundation for the country. It is seen as the apex of Robispeirre's power and one of the causes of the Thermidorian reaction.
  • Law of 22 Prairial

    This law simplified the judicial process to that of indictment and prosicution. It provided for a climate of moral suspicion with the clause which stipulated that:
    "Every citizen is empowered to seize conspirators and counterrevolutionaries, and to bring them before the magistrates. He is required to denounce them as soon as he knows of them."
  • Thermidorian Reaction

    Many in the Republic and Committee of Public Safety saw Robspierre as too powerful and this led to his exicution. With the death of Robespierre came the end of the terror and a backlash against the Jacobins as they were hunted down in a "white terror"
  • Churches Reopen for Worship

    To reflect the more moderate nature of the new govenment the de-christianisation which took place under the CPS was slowly repealed
  • Directory Established

    A new constitution sets up the DIrectory. The Directory has two houses, the Council of Ancients and the Council of Fivehundred. It was led by five Directors. Its aim was the seperation of power and to stop the rise of a new dictator
  • Napoleon Quells Vandemiare Uprising

  • Vendee Uprising Put Down

  • Babeuf Plot

  • Coup Of Fructidor

    An elected royalist monarchy is put down
  • Treaty of Campo Formio

  • Coup of Floreal

    Jacobin majority put down
  • Coup of Brumiare

    Napoleon overthrows the Directory and is established as first consoul
  • Napoleon Signs Concordat With Pope

  • Legion Of Honour Created

  • Murder of the Duc d'Enghien

  • Civil Code Introduced

  • Napoleon Proclaimed Emperor

  • Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor