The Crusades

Timeline created by rebeccaf1
In History
  • Nov 27, 1095

    Call for a Crusade

    Call for a Crusade
    Council of Clermont opened and ambassadors from Byzantine Empire appeal for help against the Muslims. Pope Urban II calls for the Crusade offering indulgence for their sins.
  • Apr 5, 1096

    Constantinople

    Constantinople
    Thousands of poeple eagerly sign up for the Crusade and by April the first Crusader army arrives in Constantinople.
  • Apr 15, 1096

    People's Crusade

    People's Crusade
    Peter the Hermit leads the Peasants crusade bringing 20,000 commoners. Of the 60,000 people who set off only 6000 were knights.
  • May 19, 1096

    Jewish massacres

    Jewish massacres
    Many Jews massacred by the crusaders on their way to the holy land in cities such as Mainz and Cologne.
  • Aug 1, 1096

    Peasants' Crusade

    Peasants' Crusade
    The Peasants' Crusade, is shipped over the Bosprous by Emperor Alexius I who had welcomed these first Crusaders, but they are so decimated by hunger and disease that they cause a great deal of trouble, looting churches and houses around Constantinople. Alexius has them taken to Anatolia as quickly as possible.
  • Sep 6, 1096

    Siege at Xerigordon

    Siege at Xerigordon
    A group from the Peasants' Crusade is besieged at Xerigordon and forced to surrender. Everyone is given a choice of beheading or conversion. Those who convert in order to avoid beheading are sent into slavery and never heard from again.
  • May 6, 1097

    One force

    One force
    With the arrival of Duke Robert of Normandy, all of the major participants of the Crusades are together and the large force crosses into Asia Minor. Peter the Hermit and his few remaining followers join them.
  • Jun 19, 1097

    Capture of Antioch

    Capture of Antioch
    Crusaders captured Antioch after a long siege. This had delayed progress towards Jerusalem by a year. The city of Nicaea surrenders to the Crusaders. Alexius I makes a deal with the Turks that puts the city in his hands and kicks the Crusaders out.
  • Jul 1, 1097

    Battle of Dorylaeum

    Battle of Dorylaeum
    While travelling from Nicaea to Antioch, the Crusaders split their forces into two groups and Kilij Arslan seizes the opportunity to ambush some of them near Dorylaeum. This could have been a disaster for the Crusaders, but the victory frees them of both supply problems and from harassment by Turks for a while.
  • May 10, 1098

    Edessa

    Edessa
    Christian citizens of Edessa, a powerful Armenian kingdom that controls a region from the coastal plain of Cilicia all the way to the Euphrates, surrenders to Baldwin of Boulogne. Possession of this region would provide a secure flank to the Crusaders.
  • Jun 14, 1098

    The Holy Lance

    The Holy Lance
    The Holy Lance is "discovered" by Peter Bartholomew subsequent to a vision from Jesus Christ and St. Andrew that it is located in Antioch, recently captured by the Crusaders. This dramatically improves the spirits of the Crusaders
  • Jun 7, 1099

    Gates of Jerusalem

    Gates of Jerusalem
    The Crusaders reach the gates of Jerusalem. then controlled by governor Iftikhar ad-Daula. The Fatimid caliph offers the Crusaders a generous peace agreement that includes protection of Christian pilgrims and worshippers in the city, but the Crusaders are uninterested in anything less than full control of the Holy City.
  • Jul 8, 1099

    First attack

    First attack
    The Crusaders attempt to take Jerusalem by storm but fail. According to reports, they originally attempt to march around the walls under the leadership of priests in the hope that the walls would simply crumble, as did the walls of Jericho in biblical stories. When that fails, unorganized attacks are launched with no effect.
  • Jul 15, 1099

    Capture of Jerusalem

    Capture of Jerusalem
    Crusaders breach the walls of Jerusalem at two points: Godfrey of Bouillon and his brother Baldwin at St. Stephen's Gate on the north wall and Count Raymond at the Jaffa Gate on the west wall, thus allowing them to capture the city.