The Age of Napoleon

  • Estates General-1614

    The Estates-General met in 1614 and rarely afterwards, but was not dissolved until after the French Revolution. It was part of France's Old Regime.
  • Birth of Napolean

    He was known as a French politcal leader who rose during the French Revolution, and is significant for the hegomony he established for France.
  • Paris Wallpaper Factpry revolt

    Unrest exploded at a Paris wallpaper factory because of a rumor had spread, saying that owner would start cutting their wages.
  • Estates General

    The three main French estates were called to meet (clergy, nobles, peasent). They were summoned by Louis XVI, and the third estate formed themselves into the National Assembly. It signalled the beginning of the French Revolution
  • Tennis Court Oath

    This oath took place during the first days of the French revolution, 576 out of 577 members of the third estate signed it who relocated to a tennis court after they were kept out of they National Assembly.
  • French Revolution Begins

    Armed Parisans attacked the Bastille, which resulted in a bloody revolution.
  • August Decrees.

    The August Decrees were nineteen decrees made in August 1789 by the National Constituent Assembly during the French Revolution.
  • Palace of Versailles stormed

    Palace of Versailles stormed
    Women marched into the Versailles simply because of the high price of bread. These demonstrations became involved with the French Revolution.
  • Louis moves to Paris

    During the Revolution, his family were forced to leave Versailles where they were kept under a house arrest. That is when the family attempted an escape, but were eventually caught on their way through Varennes.
  • Civil Constitution of the Clergy

    This was passed during the French Revolution which subordinated the power of the Catholic Church under the government. It banned Church's French land holdings. It settled chaos caused by the earlier confiscation of Church land.
  • Louis XVI accepts the Constitution formally

    Louis XVI feared a civil war, so he accepted the constitution.
  • Royal Flight to Varennes

    Royal Flight to Varennes
    The significance of his escape France through Varennes during the French Revolution was that he was officially commiting a treason towards his country. The attempt was unsuccessful, as they were caught on their way through the border when a gaurd asked them for their passports. Because of this, he was placed under house arrest until he was executed under the Reign of Terror.
  • France declares war on Austria.

    France declares war on Austria.
    France declared war on Austria first, with the Assembly voting for war on 20 April 1792. However, the revolution had disorganized the army, and the forces raised were insufficient for the invasion.
  • National Convention, led by Robespierre

    Robespierre responded by working to reduce the political influence of the officer class, the generals and the king. He lead the reign of terror.
  • September Massacre

    The September Massacre were a wave of mob violence which overtook Paris in late summer 1792, during the French Revolution. By the time it had subsided, half the prison population of Paris had been executed: some 1,200 trapped prisoners, including many women and young boys.
  • proclamation of the First French Republic.

    This proclamation announced in 1792 stated that it officially abolished the monarchy.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    The execution of the one French King took place at Place de la Révolution (revolution square). His hostility towards the National Assembly made them discontent with his rule. Louis attempted to escape France with an unfortunate luck of being caught at the border. Along with his family, he was placed under house arrest in the Tuileries. His death on the gauillotine marked the beggining of the "Reign of Terror."
  • Marie Antoinette Executed.

    Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine following Louis XVI. She is known as Madame Deficit, which is why she was commonly dislike amongst the people, becuase she was a wasteful spender of money.
  • Robespierre was executed

    Robespierre was arrested and brought to Place de la Révolution. to be guillotined. HIm, along with his brothers, and close followers were executed.
  • Coup d'État of 18 Brumaire

    It was the coup d'état, in which General Napolean overthrew the French Directory with the Consulate. It was also an effective method into putting an end to the French Revolution.
  • Napolean First Consul

    France was in a turmoil when Napolean rose to his power. He wanted to be an emporer.
  • Constitution of the Year VIII

    This was a national constitution of France, which established the known form of government called the "consulates." It gave all power to Napolean, and in some eyes ended the French Revolution.
  • Napoleanic Code

    This code prohibited inequality at birth, allowed freedom of religion, and stated that government jobs would go to the most qualified for the position. This document is regarded as one of the few documents that influenced the world.
  • Coronation of Napoleon I

    It has been said to mark "the instantiation of modern empire." He crowned himself in the coronation, whcih symbolizes the government power over the church.
  • Napoleon arrives in Moscow/Invasion of Russia.

    This is also commonly known as the Russian Campagne. It reduced the French and allied invasion forces to a tiny fraction of their initial strength and triggered a major shift in European politics as it dramatically weakened French hegemony in Europe.
  • Napolean exiled into Elba

    the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the victors exiled him to Elba, an island of 12,000 inhabitants in the Mediterranean, 20 km off the Tuscan coast. They gave him sovereignty over the island and allowed him to retain his title of emperor.
  • Louis XVIII is restored back to the thrown.

    Even though monarchies were abolished in the year of 1792; King Louis XVIII was known as a Titular King. He ruled under a constitutional monarchy unlike the ancient regime.
  • Exile into St. Helena

    Napoleon was imprisoned and then exiled to the island of Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean, 1,870 km from the west coast of Africa.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    In this battle, Napolean's French army was defeated by the Seventh Coalition. His defeat marked the end of his reign as emperor, but he made his comeback to power in the same year. The battlefield is located in present day Blegium.
  • Hundred Days

    This specificity marked the period in which Napolean return to France after exile.
  • Death of Napolean

    Napolean death was caused by a stomach cancer. This was believed to be cuased by the high amounts of Arsenic found in his body.