sudans civil war

  • who ruled sudan !?

    Sudan was ruled under British-Egyptian control between 1899 and1956 until they gained their independence, with Darfur joining the protectorate in 1916
  • The war !

    When North and South Sudan were merged in 1946 the majority of political and administrative power was allocated to the North, leaving many in the South resentful
  • rebellion motivated ?

    In the lead up to independence in 1956 the South initiated a rebellion motivated by fears of further marginalisation
  • How its started !

    The North and South were kept separate by their Anglo-Egyptian rulers until 1946.
  • peace agreement made in 1972

    peace agreement made in 1972. Yet this fragile peace was soon ruptured by violations of the peace agreement, division of the regions, and the nationwide imposition of Sharia law leading to the outbreak of open conflict in 1983.
  • negotiations with the revels

    Nimeiri then initiated negotiations with the southern rebels and signed an agreement in Addis Ababa in 1972 that granted a measure of autonomy to the south. Southern support helped him put down two coup attempts, one initiated by officers from the western regions of Darfur and Kordofan who wanted for their region the same privileges granted to the south.
  • backlash

    The scales against the peace agreement were tipped in 1979 when Chevron discovered oil in the south.
  • second civil war

    second civil war
    1983 - Fighting breaks out again between north and south Sudan, under leadership of John Garang's Sudanese People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), after Sudanese President Jaafar Numeiri abolishes South Sudan's autonomy.
  • democratic unionist party

    1988 - Democratic Unionist Party - part of Sudan's ruling coalition government - drafts cease-fire agreement with the SPLM, but it is not implemented.
  • seizes

    1989 - Military seizes power in Sudan
  • SPLA

    2001 - Sudanese Islamist leader Hassan Al-Turabi's party, the Popular National Congress, signs memorandum of understanding with the southern rebel SPLM's armed wing, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Mr Al-Turabi is arrested the next day.
  • Nuba mountains

    2002 - SPLA and Sudanese sign agreement on six-month renewable cease-fire in central Nuba Mountains - a key rebel stronghold.
  • Young Boys

    Young Boys
    this picture is showing how they are training nrth sudan young boys
  • sudan

    The Sudd: One of the world's largest wetlands
  • ( CPA ) civil war ends

    2005 January - North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ends civil war; deal provides for a permanent ceasefire, autonomy for the south, a power-sharing government involving rebels in Khartoum and a south Sudanese referendum on independence in six years' time.
  • Naivasha agreement

    In 2005 the Naivasha Agreement, or Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), was signed by the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the National Congress Party (NCP) in Khartoum, bringing an official end to the conflict.
  • About Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) & Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM)

    About Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) & Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM)
    The SPLA was created in 1983 as the armed wing of the SPLM (Sudan People's Liberation Movement) at the start of the Sudanese the civil war. This armed conflict was as a reaction against the decision of general Numeiry to impose the Sharia to the whole population of Sudan.
  • the vote

    the vote
    The yes vote in the 2011 referendum on independence sparked scenes of jubilation
  • rebelions

    Numerous rebellions have arisen in the run-up to South Sudan's independence
  • rebelions

    Numerous rebellions have arisen in the run-up to South Sudan's independence
  • 20 years of civil war

    20 years of civil war
    The ruling has been hailed by the United Nations, the United States and the European Union. International observers nonetheless fear fresh violence could erupt over the region's large oil reserves, most of which now belong to the north. Both the government in Khartoum and the autonomous region in the South claim the reserves. The issue is so sensitive that it was left out of a 2005 power-sharing accord that ended 20 years of civil war between the north and the south. Last year clashes betwee
  • SPLA vehicles

    SPLA vehicles
    Vehicles of the SPLA (South Sudan People's Liberation Army) on the road from Bentiu to Heglig, on April 17, 2012. The SPLA (South Sudan People's Liberation Army) has seized both the town and oilfields of Heglig but Sudan vows to retake the area. War threatens between the two countries. (Adriane O'Hanesian /AFP/Getty Images)
  • escape

    Thousands of refugees streamed into South Sudan in mid-2012 to escape violence in the border areas of Sudan
  • south sudan

    south sudan
    South Sudan is one of the continent's least-developed countries, in spite of its oil wealth