South Sudan Timeline

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    Turko-Egyptian Rule in Sudan

    The Turko-Eygptian Rule of Sudan had created slave trade, which Sudan hates. However, this also caused Sudan to know trading and the cultures and religion of the countries they trade. (ppt)
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    British Colonization of Sudan

    The Egyptians assist the British in invading Sudan, which then British overtakes Sudan and controls it during the imperialism time. This makes Northern Sudan a very modern region while the Southern Sudan was isolated.
    (ppt)
  • British's Southern Policy in Sudan

    British's Southern Policy in Sudan
    This is the policy (rule) where the British people decided to separate Sudan into 2 parts: northern Sudan and southern Sudan. This has been one of the factors that created the civil wars. (ppt)
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    First (1st) Civil War in Sudan

    It started by the fact that southern Sudan wants freedom. In the end, they established a contract and to remark this day, they call this day National Unity Day (March 27, 1972). Economic failure and workers dying lowers the currency and the power in Sudan sharply. (ppt)
  • Sudan's Independence from Britian

    After WWII ended, a group called, “United Nations” was formed, and this promotes peace and war, which partially contribute to the end of imperialism. This causes the British to leave Sudan to show that they’re not evil, which gave the Sudanese independence. (ppt)
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  • Anya Nya is Created

    Anya Nya is Created
    A group of rebel in the 1st civil war, Anya Nya was a group that wants fairness for the Southern Sudan. This creates a bigger range of war due to more fighters. (ppt)
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  • Nimeiri Becomes President in Sudan

    Nimeiri Becomes President in Sudan
    Nimeiri becomes the president in Sudan which he was cruel to the south. Although he is known for his cruelty, he had stopped the 1st civil war and was better than the president today, Omar Al-Bashir. (ppt)
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  • Oil is First Discovered in Sudan

    Oil is First Discovered in Sudan
    This discovery could possibly mean that there would be less poverty in southern Sudan and the government system could get better. However, the government, which is mainly consists of northern Sudan, coveted the money that they possibly could earn, and so forced the oil to be imported only through Northern Sudan, which is a factor that started the 2nd civil war. (ppt)
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  • SPLM/A is Created

    SPLM/A is Created
    SPLM/A, or Sudan People's Liberty Movement/Army, is created in 1983 which is actually the rebel movement in southern Sudan in the 2nd civil war. Estimating with 210000 soldiers, they caused bloodshed for one goal: fairness and equility between southern and northern Sudan. (ppt)
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    2nd Civil War in Sudan

    The 2nd Civil War started when Nimeiri introduced the Sharia Law, which is basically a law that is strictly based on the religion you choose. Southern Sudan also wanted to get the oil back. This created another economic failure and loss of resources. (ppt)
  • Major Famine in Sudan

    Major Famine in Sudan
    This caused a major crop failure, which in the end caused a large sum amount of people to die by malnutrition. The major crop failure when the famine happens sharply decreases the economics and the currency value of Sudan once more. (ppt)
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  • Omar Al-Bashir becomes President

    Omar Al-Bashir becomes President
    Omar Al-Bashir becomes the president in an unfair election in 1989, which in return fuels the anger of the Southern region and the 3rd civil war. He is still the president today, which the ICC listed him in the wanted list due to the unfair and cruel dictatorship he had done on his nation. (ppt)
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  • Darfur Conflict Starts

    Darfur Conflict Starts
    The Darfur conflict started since the North region didn’t care about them and also because of the religion beliefs. This causes the 3rd civil war which still causes bloodshed until now. (ppt)
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    ICC Declares Genocide in Sudan

    ICC (or International Crimes Court) has decided to declare genocide in Sudan due to dictatorship, religion factors, and more. This is now still on-going although in a lower intensity. (ppt)
  • Southern Sudan Becomes a Country

    Southern Sudan Becomes a Country
    Southern Sudan had just claimed independence in August, 2011. This means that the civil war is going to cease for the southern and northern Sudan soon. (ppt)
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