By 2400 – 1500 BCE, the Kingdom of Kermas was an ancient civilization which is located in North Sudan today. It was a Nubian kingdom centered in the town of Kerma, and controlled the Nile river between the third and fourth cataract, in Upper Nubia. Kerman History can be divided into four periods, early Kerma Period, Middle Kerma Period, Classic Kerma, and Late Kerma. Kerma’s most focus was a temple known as the Deffufa. It contains religious building, large circular dwelling, and a palace.