Sudanese Civil War 1955-2005

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    Sudanese Civil War 1955-2005

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    First Sudanese Civil War

    The First Sudanese Civil War between the North and the South ended with the Addis Ababa Agreement, which theoretically would allow South Sudan total autonomy of itself. This agreement only lasted a few years.
  • October Revolution

    In Sudan the so-called October Revolution centered around a general strike that spread throughout the country. Strike leaders identified themselves as the National Front for Professionals.
  • Military Coup

    Sudanese government was overthrown in a military coup, headed by Gaafar an-Nimeiry, who came to power with the support of communist and socialist leaders.
  • The Addis Ababa Accords

    Ended fighting between north and south Sudan. It made the south a self-governing region. The Abyei people of southern Sudan were promised a vote on self-determination.
  • Black September

    Arab commando terrorists killed 3 hostages: US ambassador Cleo A. Noel, deputy George Curtis Moore, and Belgian charge d’affaires Guy Eid. The operation was later reported to have been organized by Yasser Arafat.
  • Discovery of Ebola in Sudan

    1st identified in western Sudan and the nearby region of Congo.
  • Rekindling of Sudanese Civil war

    The People’s Liberation Army renewed the battle for total autonomy from the Muslim north. The discovery of oil in the middle of the country and Shariah law reignited violence.
  • Official Beginning of Second Sudanese Civil War

    President Nimeiri set an edict to make Islamic law a forced religion. The SPLA switched hands to John Garang, a former Sudanese army colonel.
  • Another Coup

    A coup in Sudan replaced President Nimeiry with General Dahab.
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    Beginning of War-induced Famine in Sudan

    Killed some 250,000 people.
  • Overthrowing of Elected Coalition Government

    Omar Hassan al-Bashir and Sheik Hassan al-Turabi seized power, and imposed an Iranian style theocracy along with the strict Muslim Shariah law on the country, specifically the Christian South. They were backed by the National Islamic Front.
  • Nine State Federal System

    These states matched the nine provinces that had existed from 1948 to 1973. The states were subdivided into 66 provinces, and then into 281 local government areas.
  • No More Red Cross Help for Sudan

    The Red Cross suspended field work in Sudan after 2 members of its staff were seized briefly by a rebel group. This caused the US embassy in Khartoum to be abandoned.
  • The UN is Involved

    The UN called for sanctions against Sudan, and on May 20, Britain ordered the expulsion of 3 Sudanese diplomats as part of the UN’s call for sanctions.
  • America Bombs Suspected Chemical Plant

    President Clinton ordered cruise missile attacks on Sudan and Afghanistan, which housed a chemical plant that took part in making chemical agents for Muslim Terrorist groups, specifically Al Qaida.
  • Death Toll Rises

    The death toll from the 15 year civil war was reported to have reached at least 1.9 million.
  • New Sudanese Government

    President Bashir reappointed an entirely new government by firing 10 ministers, disbanding 2 ministries and appointing 25 new state governors.
  • Forbidden Oil Trade

    The US House voted to forbid foreign oil companies doing business in Sudan for security reasons.
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    Second Sudanese Civil War

    Caused by underlying issues that went undressed in the first civil war, which were resolved by five years of difficult negotiations between SPLA and Khartoum over the future of southern Sudan.
  • Peace With Kenyan Neighbors

    Sudan signed a peace deal with southern rebels in Kenya.
  • Peace at Last?

    Sudan's government signed an agreement with rebels to suspend fighting during talks to end their 20-year-old war. Unfortunately, it takes a few more years until these ideals pan out.
  • A Good Foot Forward

    The Sudanese government and southern rebels agreed on how to share the country's wealth in oil revenues, which would be a key issue and taking a major step toward ending their 20-year conflict.
  • The Comprehensive Peace Agreement

    VP of Sudan, Ali Osman Mohammed Taha, and John Garang, the country's main rebel leader, signed the CPA, which ended Africa's longest-running conflict. The treaty stated: The 10 states in southern Sudan will be secular, while the north will practice Islamic law; the south will be autonomous; Oil revenues from the south will be split 50-50 between the north and south: The south will vote on independence in 2011; UN observers will monitor a cease-fire and demobilization of troops.