• south- western region

    south- western region
    the south-western region of bahr al-ghazal was one of the most prominet centers of slave trading on the african continent it the late 19th century
  • Period: to


  • The Mahdi's Crusade

    The Mahdi's Crusade
    a religious leader named Muhammad ibn Abdalla know as the Mahdi, or the "expected one," he then began a religious crusade to unify the tribes in western and central Sudan. His followers took on the name "Ansars" which they continue to use today and are associated with the single largest political grouping,
  • a serious of laws

    a serious of laws
    the closed districts ordinances placed tight controls on access to the south, the nuba mountains, darfur and southern blue nile, whose people- after "pacification"- were now regarded as needing "protection"
  • southern policy was abandoned

    southern policy was abandoned
    The southern policy was abandoned after the juba conference the British Southern Policy heralded the beginning of their political and economic marginalization in the post-independent Sudan at the hand of the British-favored Northerners.
  • united kingdom and egypt

    In February 1953, the United Kingdom and Egypt concluded an agreement providing for Sudanese self-government and self-determination.
  • sudan achieved independence

    sudan achieved independence
    With the consent of the British and Egyptian Governments, Sudan won independence under a provisional constitution. when Egypt conquered and unified the northern portion of the country. However, not the Egyptian or the Mahdist state had any effective control of the southern region outside of a few garrisons.
  • map of country

    map of country
    capital of sudan:khartoum
    sudans neighbors:Central African republic, chad, Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti,Eritrea, yemen, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Libya,
    major rivers:Nile river and white nile.
  • general abboud was overthrown

    general abboud was overthrown
    General Ibrahim Abboud seized power. General Abboud was overthrown in 1964 and a civilian caretaker government assumed control. Southern leaders eventually divided into two factions, those who advocated a federal solution where all people would be treated equally and allowed to participate in their government’s affairs,
  • Addis Ababa Agreement

    The Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Accord, was a set of compromises within a 1972 treaty that ended the First Sudanese Civil War fighting in Sudan.
  • Negotiations With the Rebels

    Nimeiri tinitiated negotiations with the southern rebels and signed an agreement that granted a measure of autonomy to the south.
  • Traditional Shari'a Law Adopted:

    "In September 1983, as part of an Islamicization campaign, President Nimeiri announced that traditional Islamic punishments drawn from Shari’a (Islamic Law) would be incorporated into the penal code. This was controversial even among Muslim groups. Amputations for theft and public lashings for alcohol possession became common. Southerners and other non-Muslims living in the north were also subjected to these punishments."
  • second civil war in sudan

    second civil war in sudan
    when southern soldiers muthinied rather then follow orders transferring them to the north. it started up due to them trying to figure out peace and freedom
  • sharis law was incorporated into the goverements legal system

    they took the crimes very serious .two punishments that could result from this islamic code. amputating for theft and public lashing, for alcohol possession. just for doing a small tiny thing can almost cost you your whole life
  • nimeiri overthrown

    a popular spriring in khartuum provoked by a collapsing econoy, the war in the south, and political repression. while out of the country, Nimeiri was overthrown by a popular uprising in Khartoum provoked by a collapsing economy, the war in the south, and political repression. Gen. Suwar al-Dahab headed the transitional government. One of its first acts was to suspend the 1983 constitution and disband Nimeiri’s Sudan Socialist Union.
  • committing themselves to conclude a final comprehensive peace

    committing themselves to conclude a final comprehensive peace
    the Government of Sudan and the SPLM/A signed a declaration committing themselves to conclude a final comprehensive peace agreement by December 31, 2004