sudan history

  • Period: to

    Bahr al- Ghazal slavery

    in the late 19th century the south western region of Bahr al-Ghazal was one of the most prominent centers of slave trading on the African Continent.
  • Britian and Egypt agreement

    Britian and Egypt agreement
    sudanOn this day Britian and Egypt had signed an agreement in which the Sudan was to be administered jointly. in other words they are both working together to maintain Sudan. The country would be for both of them.
  • laws

    laws
    In the 1920s a series of laws, the Closed Ditricts Ordinances placed tight controls on access to the South, the Nuba mountains, Darfur and Southern Blue Nile. whos people- after ''pacification''- were now regarded as needing ''protection''.
  • Political Parties

    Political Parties
    sudanBy 1945, the two political parties had emerged. Led by al-Azhari, the The National Unionist Party had demanded Union of the Sudan and Egypt. Unlike the Umma Party, which was led by Sayed Sir Abdur-Rahman al-Mahdi, demanded unqualified independence and no links with Egypt.
  • southern policy

    southern policy
    n 1947 Southern policy was abandoned after the Juba Conference organized by the colonial government, at which Southern chiefs agreed with northern nationalists to pursue a United Sudan. A crash program of of integration followed.
  • End of Condominium

    End of Condominium
    sudanOn February 12, 1953 the agreeent of Condominium beetween Egypt and Britian had finally came to an end. They had signed an accord ending the agreement and agreeing to grant Sudan self-government within three years. In which the agreement also provided a senate for Sudan, house of representatives and a council of ministers. Their elections were to be suprivised by an International commission.
  • Cairo Conference

    Cairo Conference
    Southerners were not represented at the 1953 Cairo Conference on self rule, on the grounds that they had ''no party or organization''.
  • Period: to

    elections

    sudanSpeaking about the elections, they were held in November to the end of December in 1953. It had resulted a victory for the NUP and its leader, Ismail al-Aihari, became Sudan's first prime minister in January 1954 because of the elections in 1953.
  • independence

    independence
    sudan The parliament voted that the Sudan should become a "a fully independent sovereign state". Since it was the vote, Britian and Egyptian troops left the country on January 1st 1956.
  • General Ibrahim Abboud

    General Ibrahim Abboud
    sudanOn this day another problem had ocured. A bloodless army coup which was led by General Ibrahim Abboud atacked and toppled the government of al-Azhari. On the power that he had, the general declared that he would rule through a thirteen member army Junta and also the democracy was being suspended in the Sudan in the name of "honesty and integrity".
  • trouble in the south

    trouble in the south
    sudanIn 1966, a 30 year old president of the Umma party named Sadik al-Mahdi had taken over as prime minister. The security situation in the South still continued to have its troubles. Later on in April and October some successful prime ministers went to the South but they were not even a threat.
  • The war ends

    The war ends
    sudanIn 1972, the war had finally came to an end officially. A peace treaty had been signed by Colonel Numeiry and Major-General Lagu the leader of the South Rebels.
  • Internal Threat Attack

    Internal Threat Attack
    sudanOn this day President Numeiry had survived one of the most dangerous threat attacks in Sudan so far from his 8 year old regime. This threat attacked were behind the brains of minister Hussein alHindi and former prime minister Sadik al-Mahdi. They had armed 2000 civilians into Khartoum and Omdurman. This move had caused alot of destruction, including Sudan's Air Force Ground.
  • Sharia Law

    Sharia Law
    sudanOn September 8th, 1983 President Jaafer Mohammed al-Numeiry had announced that the penal code had been revised in order to link it "organically and spiritually". If any theft, adultery or muder were commited they would use the Koranic penalties. If you theft or murder it would be a worse penalty yet.