Imperialism in Africa

  • 1500

    Africa Starts to Trade With Europeans

    The Europeans find the Africans and start trading goods with them. The Africans traded slaves for guns and European goods.
  • 1550

    Europeans Set Up Trade Posts

    Europeans start trading with Africans, which leads to the Europeans setting up trade posts in Africa.
  • Colonizing starts in Africa

    The Europeans thought they could more money if they colonize Africa. So that led to the Europeans starting to colonize Africa.
  • Europeans Colonize all of Africa Except Ethiopia

    The Europeans have colonized every country in Africa, except Ethiopia.
  • South Africa Is Given its Freedom Back

    Along with all the other countries gaining freedom, Great Britain gives all of Southern Africa its freedom back.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Ethiopia remained the only African country that was not invaded, until the Italians invaded.
  • Kwame Nkrumah introduces the idea of Pan-Africanism

    Kwame Nkrumah introduced the idea of Pan-Africanism. This is the idea of all Africans world-wide would come together in unity.
  • Afrikaners pass apartheid law

    People who were White South African (Afrikaners) made an apartheid law. This meant Black South Africans had to work where and when Afrikaners wanted them to.
  • World War II Inspires the Africans to Rebel Against Europe.

    World War II was finished and the Africans got the idea of rebelling against Europe
  • Sudan Gains Independence

    Sudan joins the other countries in freedom.
  • The First Civil War Starts in Sudan

    After Sudan gains freedom, the southern half rebels against the northern half.
  • Ghana gains independence

    In the fight for independence, Ghana breaks free, and is once again independent.
  • Nigeria Gains Independence

    Nigeria struggles, but eventually defeats Britain and gains independence.
  • Belgium Congo is once again independent

    Belgium Congo is now one of the independent countries
  • Independence arrives at Rwanda

    The Belgium government gave Rwanda freedom, which led to violence breaking out in Rwanda.
  • Kenya Breaks Free

    Kenya will now join Ghana and Nigeria in the independent life.
  • Nelson Mandela is sentenced life in Jail

    Nelson Mandela joins the revolts for freedom, and is arrested and sentenced for life.
  • Joseph Mobutu renames Belgium Congo to Zaire

    Joseph Mobutu seizes power of Belgium Congo. After this he renames it Zaire. Mobutu would go on to rule for 32 uninterrupted years.
  • The First Sudan Civil War Ends

    The first Civil War in Sudan comes to an end, just to start up again later.
  • Nigeria suffers from conflict among ethnic groups.

    After Nigeria becomes independent, it starts to suffer. Nigeria suffers because the ethnic groups do not get along well.
  • The Second Civil War Starts in Sudan

    After the first war ended southern people rebelled against the northern people again.
  • F.W. de Clerk becomes president

    F.W. de Clerk is voted president of South Africa.
  • F.W. de Clerk stops apartheid

    The new President F.W. de Clerk puts a stop to apartheid.
  • Nelson Mandela is Released from Prison

    F.W. de Clerk released Nelson Mandela from prison.
  • Nelson Mandela is Elected President

    Nelson Mandela is elected president in the first South African open election.
  • Violence Comes to an End in Rwanda

    After Rwanda gained freedom, violence broke out and lasted for 32 years
  • The Second Civil War Comes to an End in Sudan

    The Second Civil War comes to an end. Millions of people died.
  • People in Tunisia Strive for a Better Government

    After the British stopped colonizing Africa, Tunisia was left poor. The people of Tunisia did not like that and tried to have a better government.
  • Sudan gives South Sudan Independence

    After the civil wars were over, Sudan gave South Sudan its Independence.
  • President Ben Ali Resigns

    The President Ben Ali resigns and a democratic government is elected.