History of Sudan

  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    History of Sudan

  • Apr 11, 1500

    Funj Conquers Sudan

    A people called the Funj conquered much of Sudan, and started an influx of settlements by African American groups (Dinka, Shilluk, & Nuer)
  • Turkey and Egypt Conquer Sudan.

  • Suez Canal opens.

    Greatly influenced Britian's coercion with Egypt.
  • Sudanese rebel against Turks & Egyptians.

  • Britian Conquers Sudan

    After conquering Egypt in 1882, Britian set it's sights on Sudan and succeeded ruling it in conjunction with Egypt.

  • Sudan Granted Self-Government

  • Civil War!

  • Sudan Gains Independence

  • Military Coup- Civil Gov't is removed.

  • People of Sudan rebel.

    The military junta falls after a communist general strike. A national government is formed.
  • Peace agreement is signed in Addis Ababa

    Southern Sudan achieves partly self-governance.
  • Sudan strikes oil!

    Large findings of oil are made in Bentiu, southern Sudan. The oil becomes an important factor in the strife between North and South.
  • Fundamental Islamic Law

    Under Maj. Gen. Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri, this exacerbated the rift between the Arab north, the seat of the government, and the black African animists and Christians in the south.
  • President Numieri is removed from power in a military coup.

  • UN imposes sanctions against persecution of human rights and religion.

  • Sudan forms a new constitution.

  • US destroys pharmaceutical facility in Khartoum.

    The U.S. contended that the Sudanese factory, which allegedly manufactured chemical weapons, was financed by Islamic militant Osama bin Laden.
  • Attention: Slavery

    Since 1999 international attention has been focused on evidence that slavery is widespread throughout Sudan. Arab raiders from the north of the country have enslaved thousands of southerners, who are black.
  • SPLA

    An internal struggle in thegovernment, leads to the arrest of an ideological leader who were making peace attempts with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)
  • UN sanctions are lifted.

    The UN lifts on sanctions against Sudan to support ongoing peace negotiations.
  • International Terrorism?

    Following the New York terror attacks, USA puts new sanctions on Sudan due to accusations of Sudan's involvment with iInternational terrorism.
  • Cease-fire

    A ceasefire between government forces and the SPLM are finally agreed upon.
  • Protocol for Civil War to end.

    The government and SPLA signs a protocol to end the civil war.
  • Darfur continues.

    Government army strikes down on uprising in Darfur region in the Western Sudan. More than 100,000 people seeks refuge in Chad.
  • Nairobi signs peace treaty in southern Sudan

    In Nairobi the government and rebels signs the last parts of the peace treaty for Southern Sudan. All fighting in Africa's longest civil war is expected to end in January 2005, but the peace agreement still doesn't cover the Darfur region. More than 1.5 million people lost their homes since the conflict in Darfur broke out early 2003.
  • The world ignores Darfur.

    Violence and killings continues in the Darfur region. The conflict is in reality a genocide and is still considered the worst huminitarian disaster in the world. But not much is done about it. China has large oil interests in Africa and Sudan in particular. UN sanctions and security forces are needed, but China blocks for any real descissions in the UN security council. The rest of the world is not applying the necessary political pressure on the governments in Sudan and China.
  • Musa Hilal is appointed top gov't position.

    Human Rights Watch called Hilal "the poster child for Janjaweed atrocities in Darfur."
  • ICC indicts Bashir with genocide.

    ...for planning and executing the decimation of Darfur's three main ethnic tribes: the Fur, the Masalit, and the Zaghawa. Moreno-Ocampo also said Bashir "purposefully targeted civilians" and used "rapes, hunger, and fear" to terrorize civilians.